MySQL5.7忘记root密码处理

MySQL忘记root密码,而且不能使用操作系统认证直接进入数据库修改密码时,需要重置root密码。
1、在配置文件/etc/my.cnf添加skip-grant-tables一行,跳过密码验证。
2、重启mysql数据库主进程# /etc/init.d/mysqld restart(也可以直接先停掉MySQL进程后使用skip-grant-tables参数重启MySQL)
3、登录数据库修改密码。
mysql> update user set authentication_string=password(”) where user=’root’ and host=’localhost';
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> exit
这里需要修改的字段是authentication_string,这点和之前的版本不同。
4、这个时候,如果你设置的密码太简单,则在数据库执行任何命令都会报类似如下错误:
mysql> show databases;
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this statement.
mysql> show database;
ERROR 1064 (42000): You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near ‘database’ at line 1
mysql> update user set authentication_string=password(‘mysql’) where user=’root’ and host=’localhost';
ERROR 1046 (3D000): No database selected
mysql> use mysql;
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this statement.
5、注意:如果只想设置简单密码需要修改两个全局参数:
mysql> set global validate_password_policy=0;
mysql> set global validate_password_length=1;
mysql> set global validate_password_policy=0;
       Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set global validate_password_length=1;
       Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set password=password(“mysql”);
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> use mysql;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
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