[java web]Idea+maven+spring4+hibernate5+struts2整合过程

摘要

最近也在网上找了些教程,试着使用maven进行包依赖关系的管理,也尝试着通过注解的方式来整合ssh框架。在这个过程中,踩了不少的坑。折腾很长时间,才算把架子折腾起来。这里把结果整理下,作为以后工作中的参考。

项目结构

关于maven如何使用,可自行搜索,默认你有一定的maven基础。maven建议中央仓库配置成阿里云的,可以下载速度快一些。地址

[java web]Idea+maven+spring4+hibernate5+struts2整合过程

1、开始之前,需要通过maven进行ssh jar包引入。可以参考下面的pom.xml


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.demo</groupId>
    <artifactId>mavenapp</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>war</packaging>

    <name>mavenapp Maven Webapp</name>
    <!-- FIXME change it to the project's website -->
    <url>http://www.example.com</url>

    <properties>
        <!--源码编码-->
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <maven.compiler.source>1.7</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>1.7</maven.compiler.target>
        <!-- spring版本号 -->
        <spring.version>4.3.8.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <!-- hibernate版本号 -->
        <hibernate.version>5.1.7.Final</hibernate.version>
        <!-- struts2版本号 -->
        <struts2.version>2.5.10</struts2.version>

    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <!--JUnit4依赖-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.12</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Spring 核心依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Spring web依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Spring整合ORM框架依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Struts2 核心依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
            <artifactId>struts2-core</artifactId>
            <version>${struts2.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Struts2和Spring整合依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
            <artifactId>struts2-spring-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>${struts2.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- Hibernate 核心依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
            <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
            <version>${hibernate.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- MySQL 依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.42</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- C3P0 依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
            <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- AspectJ依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.8.10</version>
        </dependency>
        <!-- SLF4J依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.25</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>
    <build>
        <finalName>mavenapp</finalName>
        <pluginManagement><!-- lock down plugins versions to avoid using Maven defaults (may be moved to parent pom) -->
            <plugins>
                <plugin>
                    <artifactId>maven-clean-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>3.0.0</version>
                </plugin>
                <!-- see http://maven.apache.org/ref/current/maven-core/default-bindings.html#Plugin_bindings_for_war_packaging -->
                <plugin>
                    <artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>3.0.2</version>
                </plugin>
                <plugin>
                    <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>3.7.0</version>
                </plugin>
                <plugin>
                    <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>2.20.1</version>
                </plugin>
                <plugin>
                    <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>3.2.0</version>
                </plugin>
                <plugin>
                    <artifactId>maven-install-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>2.5.2</version>
                </plugin>
                <plugin>
                    <artifactId>maven-deploy-plugin</artifactId>
                    <version>2.8.2</version>
                </plugin>
            </plugins>
        </pluginManagement>
    </build>
</project>

pom.xml

2、将resources设置为资源目录,并添加如上图所示的jdbc属性文件,struts2配置文件,日志属性文件,spring配置文件

内容分别如下:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans
        xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
        xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
        xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
        xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx


http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop


http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/context


http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd">

    <!-- 打开spring的annotation的支持 -->
    <context:annotation-config/>
    <!--引入jdbc属性配置文件-->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>

    <!--对me.demo下所有类文件进行扫描-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="me.demo.*"/>

    <!--c3p0连接池配置-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
        <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driverClass}"/>
        <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
    </bean>
    <!--sessionFactory配置 可以省略hibernate.cfg.xml配置文件-->
    <!--使用jpa注解形式的pojo对象,而去掉*.hbm.xml的Hibernate映射文件-->
    <bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
        <!--配置数据源-->
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 设置spring去哪个包中查找相应的实体类 -->
        <property name="packagesToScan">
            <list>
                <value>me.demo.domain</value>
            </list>
        </property>
        <property name="hibernateProperties">
            <props>
                <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">true</prop>
                <prop key="hibernate.format_sql">true</prop>
                <!--是否自动创建表结构-->
                <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">update</prop>
                <!--方言-->
                <prop key="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect</prop>
                <!--hibernate中事务是需要在dao执行sql相关语句时来手动开启的,
                然后底层实现代码时由getCurrentSession得到的session中可以得到transaction,所以可以正常运行.
                 这里,需要因为我们把sessionFactory的产生放在spring配置文件中,即让服务器启动时就创建这个对象,这样的话它就被存在一个上下文环境中,即在SpringSessionContext中保存
所以我们要把绑定当前线程session改成绑定这个spring上下文环境,即设置为由spring环境管理(因为事务aop也是在spring中),这时spring中的事务配置才会起作用(当然,以前是thread上下文环境的session,
而事务托管在spring上下文中,当然spring无法管理到thread上下文的session的事务)。-->
                <prop key="hibernate.current_session_context_class">
                    org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.SpringSessionContext
                </prop>
            </props>
        </property>
        <!--自动扫描注解方式的hibernate类文件-->

    </bean>


    <!--事务管理器-->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager">
        <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory"/>
    </bean>
    <!-- 基于注解的事务,当注解中发现@Transactional时,使用id为“transactionManager”的事务管理器 -->
    <!-- 如果没有设置transaction-manager的值,则spring以缺省默认的事务管理器来处理事务,
    默认事务管理器为第一个加载的事务管理器 -->

    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>
    <!--配置事务的传播性-->
    <!--<tx:advice id="transactionInterceptor" transaction-manager="transactionManager">-->
    <!--<tx:attributes>-->
    <!--<tx:method name="find*" read-only="true" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="get*"  read-only="true" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="login*"  read-only="true" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="add*" propagation="REQUIRED" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="save*" propagation="REQUIRED" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="test*" propagation="REQUIRED" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="*Transaction" propagation="REQUIRED" />-->
    <!--<tx:method name="*" propagation="REQUIRED" />-->
    <!--</tx:attributes>-->
    <!--</tx:advice>-->
    <!--<!–配置哪些类的哪些方法参与事务 因为业务处理发生在service层,这里配置在service中的类–>-->
    <!--<aop:config proxy-target-class="true">-->
    <!--<aop:pointcut id="all-method" expression="execution(public * me.demo.service.*.*(..))"></aop:pointcut>-->
    <!--<aop:advisor advice-ref="transactionInterceptor" pointcut-ref="all-method"/>-->
    <!--</aop:config>-->
</beans>

applicationContext.xml

jdbc.driverClass=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/sshdemo
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=abcd

jdbc.properties

log4j.rootCategory=INFO, console

log4j.appender.console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.console.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.console.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %5p %t %c{2}:%L - %m%n

log4j.properties

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
        "-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.3//EN"
        "http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.3.dtd">

<struts>
    <!--常量配置-->
    <constant name="struts.objectFactory" value="spring"/>
    <constant name="struts.i18n.encoding" value="utf-8"/>
    <!--默认action配置-->
    <package namespace="/" name="default" extends="struts-default">
        <default-action-ref name="default"/>
        <action name="default">
            <result>/index.jsp</result>
        </action>
    </package>
    <!--通过通配符的方式配置action-->
    <package name="user" namespace="/" extends="struts-default">
        <action name="user_*" method="{1}" class="userAction">
            <result name="success">/index.jsp</result>
            <allowed-methods>
                register
            </allowed-methods>
        </action>
    </package>
</struts>

struts.xml

3、三层结构,以及注解的使用


package me.demo.action;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ModelDriven;
import me.demo.domain.User;
import me.demo.service.UserService;
import org.apache.log4j.LogManager;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Scope;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;

@Controller("userAction")
@Scope("prototype") //默认是单例模式,需配置多例
public class UserAction extends ActionSupport implements ModelDriven<User> {

    private static final Logger log = LogManager.getLogger (UserAction.class);
    private User user = new User ();
    @Autowired
    private UserService userService;

    @Override
    public User getModel() {
        return user;
    }

    public String login() {
        String login = userService.login (user);
        return login;
    }

    public String register() {

        System.out.println (user);
        log.info (user);
        String register = userService.register (user);
        return register;
    }
}

UserAction

package me.demo.dao.Impl;

import me.demo.dao.UserDao;
import me.demo.domain.User;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Scope;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.support.HibernateDaoSupport;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

import java.util.List;


@Repository()
@Scope("prototype")
public class UserDaoImpl extends HibernateDaoSupport implements UserDao {
    @Autowired
    public void setSessionFactoryOverride(SessionFactory sessionFactory) {
        super.setSessionFactory (sessionFactory);
    }

    @Override
    public void save(User user) {
        if (this.getHibernateTemplate () == null)
            System.out.println ("getHibernateTemplate == null");
        this.getHibernateTemplate ().save (user);
    }

    @Override
    public User find(String username, String password) {
        List<User> users = (List<User>) this.getHibernateTemplate ().find ("from User where username=? and password=?", username, password);
        if (users.size () > 0)
            return users.get (0);
        return null;
    }
}

UserDaoImpl 

package me.demo.dao;

import me.demo.domain.User;

/**
 * 接口
 */
public interface UserDao {

    void save(User user);

    User find(String username, String password);
}

UserDao 

package me.demo.domain;

import org.hibernate.annotations.GenericGenerator;

import javax.persistence.*;
import java.io.Serializable;

@Entity
@Table(name = "t_users")
public class User implements Serializable {
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(generator = "autoGenerator")//根据数据库的主键生成策略
    @GenericGenerator(name = "autoGenerator", strategy = "native")
    private Integer id;
    @Column
    private String name;
    @Column
    private String password;
    @Column
    private Integer sex;

    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Integer getSex() {
        return sex;
    }

    public void setSex(Integer sex) {
        this.sex = sex;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User{" +
                "id=" + id +
                ", name='" + name + '/'' +
                ", sex=" + sex +
                '}';
    }

    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }
}

User 

package me.demo.service.Impl;

import me.demo.dao.UserDao;
import me.demo.domain.User;
import me.demo.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Scope;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;


@Service()
@Scope("prototype")
@Transactional
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {
    @Autowired
    private UserDao userDao;


    public String login(User user) {
        User user1 = userDao.find (user.getName (), user.getPassword ());
        if (user1 != null)
            return "success";
        return "not found";
    }


    public String register(User user) {
        userDao.save (user);
        return "success";
    }
}

UserServiceImpl 

package me.demo.service;


import me.demo.domain.User;

public interface UserService {
    String login(User user);

    String register(User user);
}

UserService 

4、web


<%--
  Created by IntelliJ IDEA.
  User:
  Date: 2018/6/8
  Time: 17:05
  To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates.
--%>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>首页</title>
</head>

<body>
url:${pageContext.request.contextPath}
<a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/login.jsp">登录</a>
<a href="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/register.jsp">注册</a><br>
</body>
</html>

index.jsp

<%--
  Created by IntelliJ IDEA.
  User:
  Date: 2018/6/8
  Time: 17:06
  To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates.
--%>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>登录</title>
</head>
<body>
<form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/login" method="post">
    姓名: <input name="name" type="text"> <br>
    <input type="submit" value="登录">

</form>
</body>
</html>

login.jsp

<%--
  Created by IntelliJ IDEA.
  User:
  Date: 2018/6/8
  Time: 17:07
  To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates.
--%>
<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <title>注册</title>
</head>
<body>
<form action="${pageContext.request.contextPath}/user_register.action" method="post">
    姓名: <input name="name" type="text"> <br>
    密码:<input name="password" value="1234" type="password">
    性别: <input name="sex" type="radio" value="1">男
       <input name="sex" type="radio" value="0">女
    <input type="submit" value="注册">
</form>
</body>
</html>

register.jsp

5、配置tomcat服务器,然后启动即可,会自动生成数据库表结构(前提自己手动创建好数据库)

6、测试

[java web]Idea+maven+spring4+hibernate5+struts2整合过程

总结

1、虽然网络上这样的文章很多,但自己动手实现,发现还是有很多错误,发现最多的是,由jar的版本问题引起的,比如在配置问价中org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.LocalSessionFactoryBean这个类所在的包,在hibernate3,4,5中都有,如果你在配置文件中所写的,和HibernateDaoSupport所使用的包版本不一致,就会出错。

2、<prop key="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect</prop>,方言的配置,hibernate关于mysql的方言就有三个,这里采用MySQL5Dialect。

3、然后就是事务了,采用事务的注解,需要在配置文件中进行配置事务管理器。

annotation-driven:

这是xsd中 对事务管理器的描述。

Indicates that transaction configuration is defined by Java 5
    annotations on bean classes, and that proxies are automatically
    to be created for the relevant annotated beans.

    The default annotations supported are Spring's @Transactional
    and EJB3's @TransactionAttribute (if available).

    Transaction semantics such as propagation settings, the isolation level,
    the rollback rules, etc are all defined in the annotation metadata.

    See org.springframework.transaction.annotation.EnableTransactionManagement Javadoc
    for information on code-based alternatives to this XML element.
                ]]></xsd:documentation>
            </xsd:annotation>
            <xsd:attribute name="transaction-manager" type="xsd:string" default="transactionManager">
                <xsd:annotation>
                    <xsd:documentation source="java:org.springframework.transaction.PlatformTransactionManager"><![CDATA[
    The bean name of the PlatformTransactionManager that is to be used
    to drive transactions.

    This attribute is not required, and only needs to be specified
    explicitly if the bean name of the desired PlatformTransactionManager
    is not 'transactionManager'.

4、一定要有耐心。一个个解决问题,也是一种积累。

原文 

http://www.cnblogs.com/wolf-sun/p/9159547.html

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