Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

SpringBoot集成ElasticSearch

pom.xml文件中,依赖的各jar包版本如下:

<parent>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
    <version>2.0.3.RELEASE</version>
    <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
</parent>

<properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
    <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    <elasticsearch.version>5.5.2</elasticsearch.version>
</properties>

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
        <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
        <optional>true</optional>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
        <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.elasticsearch.client</groupId>
        <artifactId>transport</artifactId>
        <version>${elasticsearch.version}</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

在工程中新建一个config包,在该包中创建一个ESConfig配置类,用于构造es的客户端实例对象。代码如下:

package org.zero01.elasticsearch.demo.config;

import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient;
import org.elasticsearch.common.settings.Settings;
import org.elasticsearch.common.transport.InetSocketTransportAddress;
import org.elasticsearch.transport.client.PreBuiltTransportClient;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;

/**
 * @program: es-demo
 * @description: es配置类
 * @author: 01
 * @create: 2018-06-28 22:32
 **/
@Configuration
public class ESConfig {

    @Bean
    public TransportClient client() throws UnknownHostException {
        // 9300是es的tcp服务端口
        InetSocketTransportAddress node = new InetSocketTransportAddress(
                InetAddress.getByName("192.168.190.129"),
                9300);

        // 设置es节点的配置信息
        Settings settings = Settings.builder()
                .put("cluster.name", "es")
                .build();

        // 实例化es的客户端对象
        TransportClient client = new PreBuiltTransportClient(settings);
        client.addTransportAddress(node);

        return client;
    }
}

查询接口开发

我现在有一个结构化的索引如下:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

该索引中有一些文档数据,如下:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

在工程中新建一个controller包,在该包中新建一个 BookCrudController 类,用于演示es增删查改接口demo。我们首先来开发查询接口,代码如下:

package org.zero01.elasticsearch.demo.controller;

import org.elasticsearch.action.get.GetResponse;
import org.elasticsearch.client.transport.TransportClient;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

/**
 * @program: es-demo
 * @description: es增删查改接口demo
 * @author: 01
 * @create: 2018-07-01 10:42
 **/
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/es/demo")
public class BookCrudController {

    @Autowired
    private TransportClient client;

    /**
     * 按id查询
     * @param id
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("/get/book/novel")
    public ResponseEntity searchById(@RequestParam("id") String id) {
        if (id.isEmpty()) {
            return new ResponseEntity(HttpStatus.NOT_FOUND);
        }

        // 通过索引、类型、id向es进行查询数据
        GetResponse response = client.prepareGet("book", "novel", id).get();

        if (!response.isExists()) {
            return new ResponseEntity(HttpStatus.NOT_FOUND);
        }

        // 返回查询到的数据
        return new ResponseEntity(response.getSource(), HttpStatus.OK);
    }
}

启动SpringBoot工程,使用postman进行测试,查询结果如下:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

新增接口开发

在 BookCrudController 类中开发新增接口,代码如下:

/**
 * 添加书籍数据
 *
 * @param title       书籍标题
 * @param author      书籍作者
 * @param wordCount   书籍字数
 * @param publishDate 发行时间
 * @return
 */
@PostMapping("/add/book/novel")
public ResponseEntity add(@RequestParam("title") String title,
                          @RequestParam("author") String author,
                          @RequestParam("word_count") int wordCount,
                          @RequestParam("publish_date")
                          @DateTimeFormat(pattern = "yyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
                                  Date publishDate) {
    try {
        // 将参数build成一个json对象
        XContentBuilder content = XContentFactory.jsonBuilder()
                .startObject()
                .field("title", title)
                .field("author", author)
                .field("word_count", wordCount)
                .field("publish_date", publishDate.getTime())
                .endObject();

        IndexResponse response = client.prepareIndex("book", "novel")
                .setSource(content)
                .get();

        return new ResponseEntity(response.getId(), HttpStatus.OK);
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        return new ResponseEntity(HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR);
    }
}

重启SpringBoot工程,使用postman进行测试,测试结果如下:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

使用返回的id去查询我们刚刚添加的书籍数据,结果如下:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

删除接口开发

代码如下:

/**
 * 按id删除数据
 *
 * @param id
 * @return
 */
@DeleteMapping("/delete/book/novel")
public ResponseEntity delete(@RequestParam("id") String id) {
    DeleteResponse response = client.prepareDelete("book", "novel", id).get();

    return new ResponseEntity(response.getResult(), HttpStatus.OK);
}

重启SpringBoot工程,使用postman进行测试,删除数据成功:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

更新接口开发

代码如下:

/**
 * 根据文档id更新某个文档的数据
 *
 * @param id
 * @param title
 * @param author
 * @param wordCount
 * @param publishDate
 * @return
 */
@PutMapping("/update/book/novel")
public ResponseEntity update(@RequestParam("id") String id,
                             @RequestParam(value = "title", required = false) String title,
                             @RequestParam(value = "author", required = false) String author,
                             @RequestParam(value = "word_count", required = false) Integer wordCount,
                             @RequestParam(value = "publish_date", required = false)
                             @DateTimeFormat(pattern = "yyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
                                     Date publishDate) {
    UpdateRequest update = new UpdateRequest("book", "novel", id);
    try {
        XContentBuilder builder = XContentFactory.jsonBuilder()
                .startObject();

        if (title != null) {
            builder.field("title", title);
        }
        if (author != null) {
            builder.field("author", author);
        }
        if (wordCount != null) {
            builder.field("word_count", wordCount);
        }
        if (publishDate != null) {
            builder.field("publish_date", publishDate.getTime());
        }

        builder.endObject();
        update.doc(builder);

        UpdateResponse response = client.update(update).get();

        return new ResponseEntity(response.getResult().toString(), HttpStatus.OK);
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        return new ResponseEntity(HttpStatus.INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR);
    }
}

例如我们要修改文档id为AWQ-N_XeWWbfsfQzkrTh的书籍数据:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

修改书籍的标题和作者:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

修改成功:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

复合查询接口开发

代码如下:

/**
 * 复合查询接口
 *
 * @param title
 * @param author
 * @param wordCount
 * @param publishDate
 * @param gtWordCount
 * @param ltWordCount
 * @return
 */
@PostMapping("/query/book/novel")
public ResponseEntity query(@RequestParam(value = "title", required = false) String title,
                            @RequestParam(value = "author", required = false) String author,
                            @RequestParam(value = "word_count", required = false) Integer wordCount,
                            @RequestParam(value = "publish_date", required = false)
                            @DateTimeFormat(pattern = "yyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
                                    Date publishDate,
                            @RequestParam(value = "gt_word_count", defaultValue = "0") Integer gtWordCount,
                            @RequestParam(value = "lt_word_count", required = false) Integer ltWordCount) {

    // 组装查询条件
    BoolQueryBuilder boolQuery = QueryBuilders.boolQuery();
    if (title != null) {
        boolQuery.must(QueryBuilders.matchQuery("title", title));
    }
    if (author != null) {
        boolQuery.must(QueryBuilders.matchQuery("author", author));
    }
    if (wordCount != null) {
        boolQuery.must(QueryBuilders.matchQuery("word_count", wordCount));
    }
    if (publishDate != null) {
        boolQuery.must(QueryBuilders.matchQuery("publish_date", publishDate));
    }
    // 以word_count作为条件范围
    RangeQueryBuilder rangeQuery = QueryBuilders.rangeQuery("word_count").from(gtWordCount);
    if (ltWordCount != null && ltWordCount > 0) {
        rangeQuery.to(ltWordCount);
    }
    boolQuery.filter(rangeQuery);

    // 组装查询请求
    SearchRequestBuilder requestBuilder = client.prepareSearch("book")
            .setTypes("novel")
            .setSearchType(SearchType.DFS_QUERY_THEN_FETCH)
            .setQuery(boolQuery)
            .setFrom(0)
            .setSize(10);

    // 发送查询请求
    SearchResponse response = requestBuilder.get();

    // 组装查询到的数据集
    List<Map<String, Object>> result = new ArrayList<>();
    for (SearchHit searchHitFields : response.getHits()) {
        result.add(searchHitFields.getSource());
    }

    return new ResponseEntity(result, HttpStatus.OK);
}

重启SpringBoot工程,使用postman进行测试,测试结果如下:

Spring Boot集成ElasticSearch实现简单的增删查改接口 荐

原文 

http://blog.51cto.com/zero01/2134718

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