rpc框架dubbo-server(v2.6.3) 源码阅读

额,dubbo的前世今生咱就不说了,有用的人都知道。(最新版本已更名 incubator-dubbo,预计版本3.0,不过咱们就先不掺和别人的开发过程了,以v2.6.3为蓝本)

首先,是工作需要,用到了dubbo用于微服务化各系统。所以,总体来说,是被动学习。

也就是先有了做,依葫芦画瓢,然后才来理解为什么!

当然,工作需要也不能全部不知道,自然是去官网看看有什么文档,看下其工作原理,可能出现的问题。以及在工作中解决问题用到的办法。总之,已经懂得七七八八了,但是,我们需要一个深度的学习。接下来就来走走看看!

抛个砖:dubbo提供者服务示例, 其结构是这样的!

dubbo://192.168.11.6:20880/com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService?anyhost=true&application=demo-provider&dubbo=2.0.2&generic=false&interface=com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService&methods=sayHello&pid=12720&side=provider&timestamp=1534902103892

拿来一个官网可以运行起来的实例,让代码跑起来:

// 提供者:
public class Provider {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //Prevent to get IPV6 address,this way only work in debug mode
        //But you can pass use -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true,then it work well whether in debug mode or not
        System.setProperty("java.net.preferIPv4Stack", "true");
        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[]{"META-INF/spring/dubbo-demo-provider.xml"});
        context.start();
        
        // 这个比较巧妙, 只需停留在当前点,不按下enter键,服务就会一直存在,等待消费者连接,而且无需真正提供一个监听服务
        System.in.read(); // press any key to exit
    }

}

// 消费者:
public class Consumer {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //Prevent to get IPV6 address,this way only work in debug mode
        //But you can pass use -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true,then it work well whether in debug mode or not
        System.setProperty("java.net.preferIPv4Stack", "true");
        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[]{"META-INF/spring/dubbo-demo-consumer.xml"});
        context.start();
        DemoService demoService = (DemoService) context.getBean("demoService"); // get remote service proxy
        String hello = demoService.sayHello("world"); // call remote method, 调用远程服务和本地服务一样,这是其优势所在
        System.out.println(hello); // get result
        }
    }
}

// xml 配置,因为使用组播协议,所以demo拿来就可以运行

// 配置很简单,主要说明下这里使用组播地址的好处。 组播是个很好的概念,可以使网络更快,也更方便开发,可以参考下: https://www.cnblogs.com/yougewe/articles/9516786.html

provider:

<beans xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:dubbo="http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo"
       xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.3.xsd
       http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd">

    <!-- provider's application name, used for tracing dependency relationship -->
    <dubbo:application name="demo-provider"/>

    <!-- use multicast registry center to export service -->
    <dubbo:registry address="multicast://224.5.6.7:1234"/>

    <!-- use dubbo protocol to export service on port 20880 -->
    <dubbo:protocol name="dubbo" port="20880"/>

    <!-- service implementation, as same as regular local bean -->
    <bean id="demoService" class="com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.provider.DemoServiceImpl"/>

    <!-- declare the service interface to be exported -->
    <dubbo:service interface="com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService" ref="demoService"/>

</beans>

consumer:


<beans xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:dubbo="http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo"
       xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.3.xsd
       http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo http://dubbo.apache.org/schema/dubbo/dubbo.xsd">
    <!-- consumer's application name, used for tracing dependency relationship (not a matching criterion),
        don't set it same as provider -->
    <dubbo:application name="demo-consumer"/>

    <!-- use multicast registry center to discover service -->
    <dubbo:registry address="multicast://224.5.6.7:1234"/>

    <!-- generate proxy for the remote service, then demoService can be used in the same way as the
    local regular interface -->
    <dubbo:reference id="demoService" check="false" interface="com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService"/>
</beans>

View Code

下面来讲讲其大概加载过程吧!!

// 由spring加载上下文,并到publishEvent上时,调用dubbo的event,dubbo开始介入
// spring 加载 Context
    public ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(String[] configLocations, boolean refresh, ApplicationContext parent)
            throws BeansException {

        super(parent);
        setConfigLocations(configLocations);
        if (refresh) {
            // 加载核心代码
            refresh();
        }
    }

    // spring 最核心的加载代码结构如下,在 最后一步加载 dubbo
    @Override
    public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
        synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
            // Prepare this context for refreshing.
            prepareRefresh();

            // Tell the subclass to refresh the internal bean factory.
            ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

            // Prepare the bean factory for use in this context.
            prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

            try {
                // Allows post-processing of the bean factory in context subclasses.
                postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

                // Invoke factory processors registered as beans in the context.
                invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // Register bean processors that intercept bean creation.
                registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // Initialize message source for this context.
                initMessageSource();

                // Initialize event multicaster for this context.
                initApplicationEventMulticaster();

                // Initialize other special beans in specific context subclasses.
                onRefresh();

                // Check for listener beans and register them.
                registerListeners();

                // 完成bean的加载初始化,进行bean的创建
                // Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
                finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

                // 在此处使用publishEvent,加载dubbo服务
                // Last step: publish corresponding event.
                finishRefresh();
            }

            catch (BeansException ex) {
                // 如果初始化异常,则先销毁各种bean,以回收内存,清理线程等
                if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
                            "cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
                }

                // Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
                destroyBeans();

                // Reset 'active' flag.
                cancelRefresh(ex);

                // Propagate exception to caller.
                throw ex;
            }

            finally {
                // Reset common introspection caches in Spring's core, since we
                // might not ever need metadata for singleton beans anymore...
                resetCommonCaches();
            }
        }
    }

// 进行bean的创建

     // DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons() -> AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean() -> DefaultSgetSingletonBeanFactory.getSingleton -> AbstractBeanFactory.createBean(), 
     // DefaultListableBeanFactory.registerBeanDefinition() 进行bean注册
     // 会有5个beanName,由DubboBeanDefinitionParser.parse()创建,demo-provider, dubbo, com.alibaba.demo.DemoService, com.alibaba.dubbo.config.RegistryConfig, demoService
    @Override
    protected Object createBean(String beanName, RootBeanDefinition mbd, Object[] args) throws BeanCreationException {
        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
        }
        RootBeanDefinition mbdToUse = mbd;

        // Make sure bean class is actually resolved at this point, and
        // clone the bean definition in case of a dynamically resolved Class
        // which cannot be stored in the shared merged bean definition.
        Class<?> resolvedClass = resolveBeanClass(mbd, beanName);
        if (resolvedClass != null && !mbd.hasBeanClass() && mbd.getBeanClassName() != null) {
            mbdToUse = new RootBeanDefinition(mbd);
            mbdToUse.setBeanClass(resolvedClass);
        }

        // Prepare method overrides.
        try {
            mbdToUse.prepareMethodOverrides();
        }
        catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(),
                    beanName, "Validation of method overrides failed", ex);
        }

        try {
            // Give BeanPostProcessors a chance to return a proxy instead of the target bean instance.
            Object bean = resolveBeforeInstantiation(beanName, mbdToUse);
            if (bean != null) {
                return bean;
            }
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanCreationException(mbdToUse.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                    "BeanPostProcessor before instantiation of bean failed", ex);
        }

        Object beanInstance = doCreateBean(beanName, mbdToUse, args);
        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Finished creating instance of bean '" + beanName + "'");
        }
        return beanInstance;
    }

    // spring
    // ApplicationContextAwareProcessor.invokeAwareInterfaces,会进行类的默认方法初始化,此处会加载ServiceBean.setApplication初始化方法
    private void invokeAwareInterfaces(Object bean) {
        if (bean instanceof Aware) {
            if (bean instanceof EnvironmentAware) {
                ((EnvironmentAware) bean).setEnvironment(this.applicationContext.getEnvironment());
            }
            if (bean instanceof EmbeddedValueResolverAware) {
                ((EmbeddedValueResolverAware) bean).setEmbeddedValueResolver(this.embeddedValueResolver);
            }
            if (bean instanceof ResourceLoaderAware) {
                ((ResourceLoaderAware) bean).setResourceLoader(this.applicationContext);
            }
            if (bean instanceof ApplicationEventPublisherAware) {
                ((ApplicationEventPublisherAware) bean).setApplicationEventPublisher(this.applicationContext);
            }
            if (bean instanceof MessageSourceAware) {
                ((MessageSourceAware) bean).setMessageSource(this.applicationContext);
            }
            if (bean instanceof ApplicationContextAware) {
                ((ApplicationContextAware) bean).setApplicationContext(this.applicationContext);
            }
        }
    }
    // 初始化类时,会调用ServiceBean.setApplication
    @Override
    public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext applicationContext) {
        this.applicationContext = applicationContext;
        SpringExtensionFactory.addApplicationContext(applicationContext);
        if (applicationContext != null) {
            SPRING_CONTEXT = applicationContext;
            try {
                Method method = applicationContext.getClass().getMethod("addApplicationListener", new Class<?>[]{ApplicationListener.class}); // backward compatibility to spring 2.0.1
                method.invoke(applicationContext, new Object[]{this});
                supportedApplicationListener = true;
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                if (applicationContext instanceof AbstractApplicationContext) {
                    try {
                        Method method = AbstractApplicationContext.class.getDeclaredMethod("addListener", new Class<?>[]{ApplicationListener.class}); // backward compatibility to spring 2.0.1
                        if (!method.isAccessible()) {
                            method.setAccessible(true);
                        }
                        method.invoke(applicationContext, new Object[]{this});
                        supportedApplicationListener = true;
                    } catch (Throwable t2) {
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

// 添加配置属性,138+


    // Root bean: class [com.alibaba.dubbo.config.spring.ServiceBean]
    // <bean id="demoService" class="com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.provider.DemoServiceImpl"/> 解析该句里加载dubbo服务
    protected static void appendProperties(AbstractConfig config) {
        if (config == null) {
            return;
        }
        String prefix = "dubbo." + getTagName(config.getClass()) + ".";
        Method[] methods = config.getClass().getMethods();
        for (Method method : methods) {
            try {
                String name = method.getName();
                if (name.length() > 3 && name.startsWith("set") && Modifier.isPublic(method.getModifiers())
                        && method.getParameterTypes().length == 1 && isPrimitive(method.getParameterTypes()[0])) {
                    String property = StringUtils.camelToSplitName(name.substring(3, 4).toLowerCase() + name.substring(4), ".");

                    String value = null;
                    if (config.getId() != null && config.getId().length() > 0) {
                        String pn = prefix + config.getId() + "." + property;
                        value = System.getProperty(pn);
                        if (!StringUtils.isBlank(value)) {
                            logger.info("Use System Property " + pn + " to config dubbo");
                        }
                    }
                    if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                        String pn = prefix + property;
                        value = System.getProperty(pn);
                        if (!StringUtils.isBlank(value)) {
                            logger.info("Use System Property " + pn + " to config dubbo");
                        }
                    }
                    if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                        Method getter;
                        try {
                            getter = config.getClass().getMethod("get" + name.substring(3));
                        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                            try {
                                getter = config.getClass().getMethod("is" + name.substring(3));
                            } catch (NoSuchMethodException e2) {
                                getter = null;
                            }
                        }
                        if (getter != null) {
                            if (getter.invoke(config) == null) {
                                if (config.getId() != null && config.getId().length() > 0) {
                                    value = ConfigUtils.getProperty(prefix + config.getId() + "." + property);
                                }
                                if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                                    value = ConfigUtils.getProperty(prefix + property);
                                }
                                if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                                    String legacyKey = legacyProperties.get(prefix + property);
                                    if (legacyKey != null && legacyKey.length() > 0) {
                                        value = convertLegacyValue(legacyKey, ConfigUtils.getProperty(legacyKey));
                                    }
                                }

                            }
                        }
                    }
                    if (value != null && value.length() > 0) {
                        method.invoke(config, convertPrimitive(method.getParameterTypes()[0], value));
                    }
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logger.error(e.getMessage(), e);
            }
        }
    }


    // AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.invokeInitMethods()
    @Override
    @SuppressWarnings({"unchecked", "deprecation"})
    public void afterPropertiesSet() throws Exception {
        if (getProvider() == null) {
            Map<String, ProviderConfig> providerConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ProviderConfig.class, false, false);
            if (providerConfigMap != null && providerConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                Map<String, ProtocolConfig> protocolConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ProtocolConfig.class, false, false);
                if ((protocolConfigMap == null || protocolConfigMap.size() == 0)
                        && providerConfigMap.size() > 1) { // backward compatibility
                    List<ProviderConfig> providerConfigs = new ArrayList<ProviderConfig>();
                    for (ProviderConfig config : providerConfigMap.values()) {
                        if (config.isDefault() != null && config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                            providerConfigs.add(config);
                        }
                    }
                    if (!providerConfigs.isEmpty()) {
                        setProviders(providerConfigs);
                    }
                } else {
                    ProviderConfig providerConfig = null;
                    for (ProviderConfig config : providerConfigMap.values()) {
                        if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                            if (providerConfig != null) {
                                throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate provider configs: " + providerConfig + " and " + config);
                            }
                            providerConfig = config;
                        }
                    }
                    if (providerConfig != null) {
                        setProvider(providerConfig);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        if (getApplication() == null
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getApplication() == null)) {
            Map<String, ApplicationConfig> applicationConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ApplicationConfig.class, false, false);
            if (applicationConfigMap != null && applicationConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                ApplicationConfig applicationConfig = null;
                for (ApplicationConfig config : applicationConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        if (applicationConfig != null) {
                            throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate application configs: " + applicationConfig + " and " + config);
                        }
                        applicationConfig = config;
                    }
                }
                if (applicationConfig != null) {
                    setApplication(applicationConfig);
                }
            }
        }
        if (getModule() == null
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getModule() == null)) {
            Map<String, ModuleConfig> moduleConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ModuleConfig.class, false, false);
            if (moduleConfigMap != null && moduleConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                ModuleConfig moduleConfig = null;
                for (ModuleConfig config : moduleConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        if (moduleConfig != null) {
                            throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate module configs: " + moduleConfig + " and " + config);
                        }
                        moduleConfig = config;
                    }
                }
                if (moduleConfig != null) {
                    setModule(moduleConfig);
                }
            }
        }
        if ((getRegistries() == null || getRegistries().isEmpty())
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getRegistries() == null || getProvider().getRegistries().isEmpty())
                && (getApplication() == null || getApplication().getRegistries() == null || getApplication().getRegistries().isEmpty())) {
            Map<String, RegistryConfig> registryConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, RegistryConfig.class, false, false);
            if (registryConfigMap != null && registryConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                List<RegistryConfig> registryConfigs = new ArrayList<RegistryConfig>();
                for (RegistryConfig config : registryConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        registryConfigs.add(config);
                    }
                }
                if (registryConfigs != null && !registryConfigs.isEmpty()) {
                    super.setRegistries(registryConfigs);
                }
            }
        }
        if (getMonitor() == null
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getMonitor() == null)
                && (getApplication() == null || getApplication().getMonitor() == null)) {
            Map<String, MonitorConfig> monitorConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, MonitorConfig.class, false, false);
            if (monitorConfigMap != null && monitorConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                MonitorConfig monitorConfig = null;
                for (MonitorConfig config : monitorConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        if (monitorConfig != null) {
                            throw new IllegalStateException("Duplicate monitor configs: " + monitorConfig + " and " + config);
                        }
                        monitorConfig = config;
                    }
                }
                if (monitorConfig != null) {
                    setMonitor(monitorConfig);
                }
            }
        }
        if ((getProtocols() == null || getProtocols().isEmpty())
                && (getProvider() == null || getProvider().getProtocols() == null || getProvider().getProtocols().isEmpty())) {
            Map<String, ProtocolConfig> protocolConfigMap = applicationContext == null ? null : BeanFactoryUtils.beansOfTypeIncludingAncestors(applicationContext, ProtocolConfig.class, false, false);
            if (protocolConfigMap != null && protocolConfigMap.size() > 0) {
                List<ProtocolConfig> protocolConfigs = new ArrayList<ProtocolConfig>();
                for (ProtocolConfig config : protocolConfigMap.values()) {
                    if (config.isDefault() == null || config.isDefault().booleanValue()) {
                        protocolConfigs.add(config);
                    }
                }
                if (protocolConfigs != null && !protocolConfigs.isEmpty()) {
                    super.setProtocols(protocolConfigs);
                }
            }
        }
        if (getPath() == null || getPath().length() == 0) {
            if (beanName != null && beanName.length() > 0
                    && getInterface() != null && getInterface().length() > 0
                    && beanName.startsWith(getInterface())) {
                setPath(beanName);
            }
        }
        if (!isDelay()) {
            export();
        }
    }

View Code
    // publishEvent(Object event, ResolvableType eventType)
    protected void publishEvent(Object event, ResolvableType eventType) {
        Assert.notNull(event, "Event must not be null");
        if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
            logger.trace("Publishing event in " + getDisplayName() + ": " + event);
        }

        // Decorate event as an ApplicationEvent if necessary
        ApplicationEvent applicationEvent;
        if (event instanceof ApplicationEvent) {
            applicationEvent = (ApplicationEvent) event;
        }
        else {
            applicationEvent = new PayloadApplicationEvent<Object>(this, event);
            if (eventType == null) {
                eventType = ((PayloadApplicationEvent) applicationEvent).getResolvableType();
            }
        }

        // Multicast right now if possible - or lazily once the multicaster is initialized
        if (this.earlyApplicationEvents != null) {
            this.earlyApplicationEvents.add(applicationEvent);
        }
        else {
            // 就这一句,开始调用dubbo-bean
            getApplicationEventMulticaster().multicastEvent(applicationEvent, eventType);
        }

        // Publish event via parent context as well...
        if (this.parent != null) {
            if (this.parent instanceof AbstractApplicationContext) {
                ((AbstractApplicationContext) this.parent).publishEvent(event, eventType);
            }
            else {
                this.parent.publishEvent(event);
            }
        }
    }
    // publishEvent 后, 由 ServiceBean.onApplicationEvent() 接收请求, 进行接口暴露
    @Override
    public void onApplicationEvent(ContextRefreshedEvent event) {
        if (isDelay() && !isExported() && !isUnexported()) {
            if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                logger.info("The service ready on spring started. service: " + getInterface());
            }
            export();
        }
    }
    
    @Override
    public void multicastEvent(final ApplicationEvent event, ResolvableType eventType) {
        ResolvableType type = (eventType != null ? eventType : resolveDefaultEventType(event));
        for (final ApplicationListener<?> listener : getApplicationListeners(event, type)) {
            Executor executor = getTaskExecutor();
            if (executor != null) {
                executor.execute(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        invokeListener(listener, event);
                    }
                });
            }
            else {
                invokeListener(listener, event);
            }
        }
    }
    // one more...
    public synchronized void export() {
        if (provider != null) {
            if (export == null) {
                export = provider.getExport();
            }
            if (delay == null) {
                delay = provider.getDelay();
            }
        }
        if (export != null && !export) {
            return;
        }

        if (delay != null && delay > 0) {
            delayExportExecutor.schedule(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    doExport();
                }
            }, delay, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
        } else {
            doExport();
        }
    }
    // one more...
    protected synchronized void doExport() {
        if (unexported) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("Already unexported!");
        }
        if (exported) {
            return;
        }
        exported = true;
        if (interfaceName == null || interfaceName.length() == 0) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("<dubbo:service interface=/"/" /> interface not allow null!");
        }
        checkDefault();
        if (provider != null) {
            if (application == null) {
                application = provider.getApplication();
            }
            if (module == null) {
                module = provider.getModule();
            }
            if (registries == null) {
                registries = provider.getRegistries();
            }
            if (monitor == null) {
                monitor = provider.getMonitor();
            }
            if (protocols == null) {
                protocols = provider.getProtocols();
            }
        }
        if (module != null) {
            if (registries == null) {
                registries = module.getRegistries();
            }
            if (monitor == null) {
                monitor = module.getMonitor();
            }
        }
        if (application != null) {
            if (registries == null) {
                registries = application.getRegistries();
            }
            if (monitor == null) {
                monitor = application.getMonitor();
            }
        }
        if (ref instanceof GenericService) {
            interfaceClass = GenericService.class;
            if (StringUtils.isEmpty(generic)) {
                generic = Boolean.TRUE.toString();
            }
        } else {
            try {
                interfaceClass = Class.forName(interfaceName, true, Thread.currentThread()
                        .getContextClassLoader());
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                throw new IllegalStateException(e.getMessage(), e);
            }
            checkInterfaceAndMethods(interfaceClass, methods);
            checkRef();
            generic = Boolean.FALSE.toString();
        }
        if (local != null) {
            if ("true".equals(local)) {
                local = interfaceName + "Local";
            }
            Class<?> localClass;
            try {
                localClass = ClassHelper.forNameWithThreadContextClassLoader(local);
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                throw new IllegalStateException(e.getMessage(), e);
            }
            if (!interfaceClass.isAssignableFrom(localClass)) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("The local implementation class " + localClass.getName() + " not implement interface " + interfaceName);
            }
        }
        if (stub != null) {
            if ("true".equals(stub)) {
                stub = interfaceName + "Stub";
            }
            Class<?> stubClass;
            try {
                stubClass = ClassHelper.forNameWithThreadContextClassLoader(stub);
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                throw new IllegalStateException(e.getMessage(), e);
            }
            if (!interfaceClass.isAssignableFrom(stubClass)) {
                throw new IllegalStateException("The stub implementation class " + stubClass.getName() + " not implement interface " + interfaceName);
            }
        }
        // 检查应用,未加载的配置,属于重新加载
        checkApplication();
        // 检查注册中心并加载
        checkRegistry();
        // 检测注册使用的协议
        checkProtocol();
        // 配置当前service
        appendProperties(this);
        // 检查mock返回设置
        checkStubAndMock(interfaceClass);
        if (path == null || path.length() == 0) {
            path = interfaceName;
        }
        // 导出url
        doExportUrls();
        // 初始化本地提供服务的列表
        ProviderModel providerModel = new ProviderModel(getUniqueServiceName(), this, ref);
        ApplicationModel.initProviderModel(getUniqueServiceName(), providerModel);
    }
    // 加载配置,如: <dubbo:protocol name="dubbo" port="20880" id="dubbo" />
    protected static void appendProperties(AbstractConfig config) {
        if (config == null) {
            return;
        }
        String prefix = "dubbo." + getTagName(config.getClass()) + ".";
        Method[] methods = config.getClass().getMethods();
        for (Method method : methods) {
            try {
                String name = method.getName();
                if (name.length() > 3 && name.startsWith("set") && Modifier.isPublic(method.getModifiers())
                        && method.getParameterTypes().length == 1 && isPrimitive(method.getParameterTypes()[0])) {
                    String property = StringUtils.camelToSplitName(name.substring(3, 4).toLowerCase() + name.substring(4), ".");

                    String value = null;
                    if (config.getId() != null && config.getId().length() > 0) {
                        String pn = prefix + config.getId() + "." + property;
                        value = System.getProperty(pn);
                        if (!StringUtils.isBlank(value)) {
                            logger.info("Use System Property " + pn + " to config dubbo");
                        }
                    }
                    if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                        String pn = prefix + property;
                        value = System.getProperty(pn);
                        if (!StringUtils.isBlank(value)) {
                            logger.info("Use System Property " + pn + " to config dubbo");
                        }
                    }
                    if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                        Method getter;
                        try {
                            getter = config.getClass().getMethod("get" + name.substring(3));
                        } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                            try {
                                getter = config.getClass().getMethod("is" + name.substring(3));
                            } catch (NoSuchMethodException e2) {
                                getter = null;
                            }
                        }
                        if (getter != null) {
                            if (getter.invoke(config) == null) {
                                if (config.getId() != null && config.getId().length() > 0) {
                                    value = ConfigUtils.getProperty(prefix + config.getId() + "." + property);
                                }
                                if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                                    value = ConfigUtils.getProperty(prefix + property);
                                }
                                if (value == null || value.length() == 0) {
                                    String legacyKey = legacyProperties.get(prefix + property);
                                    if (legacyKey != null && legacyKey.length() > 0) {
                                        value = convertLegacyValue(legacyKey, ConfigUtils.getProperty(legacyKey));
                                    }
                                }

                            }
                        }
                    }
                    if (value != null && value.length() > 0) {
                        method.invoke(config, convertPrimitive(method.getParameterTypes()[0], value));
                    }
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logger.error(e.getMessage(), e);
            }
        }
    }

// 展出服务url <dubbo:registry address="multicast://224.5.6.7:1234" id="com.alibaba.dubbo.config.RegistryConfig" />

    // 展出服务url <dubbo:registry address="multicast://224.5.6.7:1234" id="com.alibaba.dubbo.config.RegistryConfig" />
    @SuppressWarnings({"unchecked", "rawtypes"})
    private void doExportUrls() {
        List<URL> registryURLs = loadRegistries(true);
        for (ProtocolConfig protocolConfig : protocols) {
            doExportUrlsFor1Protocol(protocolConfig, registryURLs);
        }
    }
    
    // 注册服务
    protected List<URL> loadRegistries(boolean provider) {
        checkRegistry();
        List<URL> registryList = new ArrayList<URL>();
        if (registries != null && !registries.isEmpty()) {
            for (RegistryConfig config : registries) {
                String address = config.getAddress();
                if (address == null || address.length() == 0) {
                    address = Constants.ANYHOST_VALUE;
                }
                String sysaddress = System.getProperty("dubbo.registry.address");
                if (sysaddress != null && sysaddress.length() > 0) {
                    address = sysaddress;
                }
                if (address.length() > 0 && !RegistryConfig.NO_AVAILABLE.equalsIgnoreCase(address)) {
                    Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
                    appendParameters(map, application);
                    appendParameters(map, config);
                    map.put("path", RegistryService.class.getName());
                    map.put("dubbo", Version.getProtocolVersion());
                    map.put(Constants.TIMESTAMP_KEY, String.valueOf(System.currentTimeMillis()));
                    if (ConfigUtils.getPid() > 0) {
                        map.put(Constants.PID_KEY, String.valueOf(ConfigUtils.getPid()));
                    }
                    if (!map.containsKey("protocol")) {
                        if (ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(RegistryFactory.class).hasExtension("remote")) {
                            map.put("protocol", "remote");
                        } else {
                            map.put("protocol", "dubbo");
                        }
                    }
                    List<URL> urls = UrlUtils.parseURLs(address, map);
                    for (URL url : urls) {
                        url = url.addParameter(Constants.REGISTRY_KEY, url.getProtocol());
                        url = url.setProtocol(Constants.REGISTRY_PROTOCOL);
                        if ((provider && url.getParameter(Constants.REGISTER_KEY, true))
                                || (!provider && url.getParameter(Constants.SUBSCRIBE_KEY, true))) {
                            registryList.add(url);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        return registryList;
    }
    
    // 广播地址: multicast://224.5.6.7:1234/com.alibaba.dubbo.registry.RegistryService?application=demo-provider&dubbo=2.0.2&pid=14228&qos.port=22222&timestamp=1535020152415
    // 注册地址: registry://224.5.6.7:1234/com.alibaba.dubbo.registry.RegistryService?application=demo-provider&dubbo=2.0.2&pid=14228&qos.port=22222&registry=multicast&timestamp=1535020152415
    
    // doExportUrlsFor1Protocol(protocolConfig, registryURLs);
    
    private void doExportUrlsFor1Protocol(ProtocolConfig protocolConfig, List<URL> registryURLs) {
        String name = protocolConfig.getName();
        if (name == null || name.length() == 0) {
            name = "dubbo";
        }

        Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
        map.put(Constants.SIDE_KEY, Constants.PROVIDER_SIDE);
        map.put(Constants.DUBBO_VERSION_KEY, Version.getProtocolVersion());
        map.put(Constants.TIMESTAMP_KEY, String.valueOf(System.currentTimeMillis()));
        if (ConfigUtils.getPid() > 0) {
            map.put(Constants.PID_KEY, String.valueOf(ConfigUtils.getPid()));
        }
        appendParameters(map, application);
        appendParameters(map, module);
        appendParameters(map, provider, Constants.DEFAULT_KEY);
        appendParameters(map, protocolConfig);
        appendParameters(map, this);
        if (methods != null && !methods.isEmpty()) {
            for (MethodConfig method : methods) {
                appendParameters(map, method, method.getName());
                String retryKey = method.getName() + ".retry";
                if (map.containsKey(retryKey)) {
                    String retryValue = map.remove(retryKey);
                    if ("false".equals(retryValue)) {
                        map.put(method.getName() + ".retries", "0");
                    }
                }
                List<ArgumentConfig> arguments = method.getArguments();
                if (arguments != null && !arguments.isEmpty()) {
                    for (ArgumentConfig argument : arguments) {
                        // convert argument type
                        if (argument.getType() != null && argument.getType().length() > 0) {
                            Method[] methods = interfaceClass.getMethods();
                            // visit all methods
                            if (methods != null && methods.length > 0) {
                                for (int i = 0; i < methods.length; i++) {
                                    String methodName = methods[i].getName();
                                    // target the method, and get its signature
                                    if (methodName.equals(method.getName())) {
                                        Class<?>[] argtypes = methods[i].getParameterTypes();
                                        // one callback in the method
                                        if (argument.getIndex() != -1) {
                                            if (argtypes[argument.getIndex()].getName().equals(argument.getType())) {
                                                appendParameters(map, argument, method.getName() + "." + argument.getIndex());
                                            } else {
                                                throw new IllegalArgumentException("argument config error : the index attribute and type attribute not match :index :" + argument.getIndex() + ", type:" + argument.getType());
                                            }
                                        } else {
                                            // multiple callbacks in the method
                                            for (int j = 0; j < argtypes.length; j++) {
                                                Class<?> argclazz = argtypes[j];
                                                if (argclazz.getName().equals(argument.getType())) {
                                                    appendParameters(map, argument, method.getName() + "." + j);
                                                    if (argument.getIndex() != -1 && argument.getIndex() != j) {
                                                        throw new IllegalArgumentException("argument config error : the index attribute and type attribute not match :index :" + argument.getIndex() + ", type:" + argument.getType());
                                                    }
                                                }
                                            }
                                        }
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                        } else if (argument.getIndex() != -1) {
                            appendParameters(map, argument, method.getName() + "." + argument.getIndex());
                        } else {
                            throw new IllegalArgumentException("argument config must set index or type attribute.eg: <dubbo:argument index='0' .../> or <dubbo:argument type=xxx .../>");
                        }

                    }
                }
            } // end of methods for
        }

        if (ProtocolUtils.isGeneric(generic)) {
            map.put(Constants.GENERIC_KEY, generic);
            map.put(Constants.METHODS_KEY, Constants.ANY_VALUE);
        } else {
            String revision = Version.getVersion(interfaceClass, version);
            if (revision != null && revision.length() > 0) {
                map.put("revision", revision);
            }

            String[] methods = Wrapper.getWrapper(interfaceClass).getMethodNames();
            if (methods.length == 0) {
                logger.warn("NO method found in service interface " + interfaceClass.getName());
                map.put(Constants.METHODS_KEY, Constants.ANY_VALUE);
            } else {
                map.put(Constants.METHODS_KEY, StringUtils.join(new HashSet<String>(Arrays.asList(methods)), ","));
            }
        }
        if (!ConfigUtils.isEmpty(token)) {
            if (ConfigUtils.isDefault(token)) {
                map.put(Constants.TOKEN_KEY, UUID.randomUUID().toString());
            } else {
                map.put(Constants.TOKEN_KEY, token);
            }
        }
        if (Constants.LOCAL_PROTOCOL.equals(protocolConfig.getName())) {
            protocolConfig.setRegister(false);
            map.put("notify", "false");
        }
        // export service
        String contextPath = protocolConfig.getContextpath();
        if ((contextPath == null || contextPath.length() == 0) && provider != null) {
            contextPath = provider.getContextpath();
        }

        String host = this.findConfigedHosts(protocolConfig, registryURLs, map);
        Integer port = this.findConfigedPorts(protocolConfig, name, map);
        URL url = new URL(name, host, port, (contextPath == null || contextPath.length() == 0 ? "" : contextPath + "/") + path, map);

        if (ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(ConfiguratorFactory.class)
                .hasExtension(url.getProtocol())) {
            url = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(ConfiguratorFactory.class)
                    .getExtension(url.getProtocol()).getConfigurator(url).configure(url);
        }

        String scope = url.getParameter(Constants.SCOPE_KEY);
        // don't export when none is configured
        if (!Constants.SCOPE_NONE.toString().equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {

            // export to local if the config is not remote (export to remote only when config is remote)
            if (!Constants.SCOPE_REMOTE.toString().equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {
                // 本地运行时会注册服务到本地
                exportLocal(url);
            }
            // export to remote if the config is not local (export to local only when config is local)
            if (!Constants.SCOPE_LOCAL.toString().equalsIgnoreCase(scope)) {
                if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                    logger.info("Export dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " to url " + url);
                }
                if (registryURLs != null && !registryURLs.isEmpty()) {
                    for (URL registryURL : registryURLs) {
                        url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(Constants.DYNAMIC_KEY, registryURL.getParameter(Constants.DYNAMIC_KEY));
                        URL monitorUrl = loadMonitor(registryURL);
                        if (monitorUrl != null) {
                            url = url.addParameterAndEncoded(Constants.MONITOR_KEY, monitorUrl.toFullString());
                        }
                        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                            logger.info("Register dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " url " + url + " to registry " + registryURL);
                        }

                        // For providers, this is used to enable custom proxy to generate invoker
                        String proxy = url.getParameter(Constants.PROXY_KEY);
                        if (StringUtils.isNotEmpty(proxy)) {
                            registryURL = registryURL.addParameter(Constants.PROXY_KEY, proxy);
                        }

                        Invoker<?> invoker = proxyFactory.getInvoker(ref, (Class) interfaceClass, registryURL.addParameterAndEncoded(Constants.EXPORT_KEY, url.toFullString()));
                        DelegateProviderMetaDataInvoker wrapperInvoker = new DelegateProviderMetaDataInvoker(invoker, this);

                        // subscribeUrl: provider://192.168.11.6:20880/com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService?anyhost=true&application=demo-provider&category=configurators&check=false&dubbo=2.0.2&generic=false&interface=com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService&methods=sayHello&pid=14228&side=provider&timestamp=1535020596190
                        // registerUrl: dubbo://192.168.11.6:20880/com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService?anyhost=true&application=demo-provider&dubbo=2.0.2&generic=false&interface=com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService&methods=sayHello&pid=14228&side=provider&timestamp=1535020596190
                        Exporter<?> exporter = protocol.export(wrapperInvoker);
                        exporters.add(exporter);
                    }
                } else {
                    Invoker<?> invoker = proxyFactory.getInvoker(ref, (Class) interfaceClass, url);
                    DelegateProviderMetaDataInvoker wrapperInvoker = new DelegateProviderMetaDataInvoker(invoker, this);

                    Exporter<?> exporter = protocol.export(wrapperInvoker);
                    exporters.add(exporter);
                }
            }
        }
        this.urls.add(url);
    }
    // 导出服务到本地
    @SuppressWarnings({"unchecked", "rawtypes"})
    private void exportLocal(URL url) {
        if (!Constants.LOCAL_PROTOCOL.equalsIgnoreCase(url.getProtocol())) {
            URL local = URL.valueOf(url.toFullString())
                    .setProtocol(Constants.LOCAL_PROTOCOL)
                    .setHost(LOCALHOST)
                    .setPort(0);
            ServiceClassHolder.getInstance().pushServiceClass(getServiceClass(ref));
            // 执行真正的导出服务暴露
            // 链接如下: injvm://127.0.0.1/com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService?anyhost=true&application=demo-provider&bind.ip=192.168.11.6&bind.port=20880&dubbo=2.0.2&generic=false&interface=com.alibaba.dubbo.demo.DemoService&methods=sayHello&pid=14228&qos.port=22222&side=provider&timestamp=1535020596190
            Exporter<?> exporter = protocol.export(
                    proxyFactory.getInvoker(ref, (Class) interfaceClass, local));
            exporters.add(exporter);
            logger.info("Export dubbo service " + interfaceClass.getName() + " to local registry");
        }
    }
    

// 以上是通过本方广播的方式进行提供dubbo服务,使其运行在本地jvm中的运行调用链。

// 下面来看看dubbo以远程调用形式进行提供服务的情况

    // DubboProtocol.export(), 以dubbo协议远程暴露dubbo
    @Override
    public <T> Exporter<T> export(Invoker<T> invoker) throws RpcException {
        URL url = invoker.getUrl();

        // export service.
        String key = serviceKey(url);
        DubboExporter<T> exporter = new DubboExporter<T>(invoker, key, exporterMap);
        exporterMap.put(key, exporter);

        //export an stub service for dispatching event
        Boolean isStubSupportEvent = url.getParameter(Constants.STUB_EVENT_KEY, Constants.DEFAULT_STUB_EVENT);
        Boolean isCallbackservice = url.getParameter(Constants.IS_CALLBACK_SERVICE, false);
        if (isStubSupportEvent && !isCallbackservice) {
            String stubServiceMethods = url.getParameter(Constants.STUB_EVENT_METHODS_KEY);
            if (stubServiceMethods == null || stubServiceMethods.length() == 0) {
                if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
                    logger.warn(new IllegalStateException("consumer [" + url.getParameter(Constants.INTERFACE_KEY) +
                            "], has set stubproxy support event ,but no stub methods founded."));
                }
            } else {
                stubServiceMethodsMap.put(url.getServiceKey(), stubServiceMethods);
            }
        }

        openServer(url);
        optimizeSerialization(url);
        return exporter;
    }

    private void openServer(URL url) {
        // find server.
        String key = url.getAddress();
        //client can export a service which's only for server to invoke
        boolean isServer = url.getParameter(Constants.IS_SERVER_KEY, true);
        if (isServer) {
            ExchangeServer server = serverMap.get(key);
            if (server == null) {
                serverMap.put(key, createServer(url));
            } else {
                // server supports reset, use together with override
                server.reset(url);
            }
        }
    }

    private ExchangeServer createServer(URL url) {
        // send readonly event when server closes, it's enabled by default
        url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(Constants.CHANNEL_READONLYEVENT_SENT_KEY, Boolean.TRUE.toString());
        // enable heartbeat by default
        url = url.addParameterIfAbsent(Constants.HEARTBEAT_KEY, String.valueOf(Constants.DEFAULT_HEARTBEAT));
        String str = url.getParameter(Constants.SERVER_KEY, Constants.DEFAULT_REMOTING_SERVER);

        if (str != null && str.length() > 0 && !ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Transporter.class).hasExtension(str))
            throw new RpcException("Unsupported server type: " + str + ", url: " + url);

        url = url.addParameter(Constants.CODEC_KEY, DubboCodec.NAME);
        ExchangeServer server;
        try {
            server = Exchangers.bind(url, requestHandler);
        } catch (RemotingException e) {
            throw new RpcException("Fail to start server(url: " + url + ") " + e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        str = url.getParameter(Constants.CLIENT_KEY);
        if (str != null && str.length() > 0) {
            Set<String> supportedTypes = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(Transporter.class).getSupportedExtensions();
            if (!supportedTypes.contains(str)) {
                throw new RpcException("Unsupported client type: " + str);
            }
        }
        return server;
    }
    
    // 远程服务框架中dubbo提供的有几种, netty/netty4/Grizzly, 我们就看一下使用netty的方式说明下
    public NettyServer(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        super(url, ChannelHandlers.wrap(handler, ExecutorUtil.setThreadName(url, SERVER_THREAD_POOL_NAME)));
    }

    @Override
    protected void doOpen() throws Throwable {
        NettyHelper.setNettyLoggerFactory();
        ExecutorService boss = Executors.newCachedThreadPool(new NamedThreadFactory("NettyServerBoss", true));
        ExecutorService worker = Executors.newCachedThreadPool(new NamedThreadFactory("NettyServerWorker", true));
        ChannelFactory channelFactory = new NioServerSocketChannelFactory(boss, worker, getUrl().getPositiveParameter(Constants.IO_THREADS_KEY, Constants.DEFAULT_IO_THREADS));
        bootstrap = new ServerBootstrap(channelFactory);

        final NettyHandler nettyHandler = new NettyHandler(getUrl(), this);
        channels = nettyHandler.getChannels();
        // https://issues.jboss.org/browse/NETTY-365
        // https://issues.jboss.org/browse/NETTY-379
        // final Timer timer = new HashedWheelTimer(new NamedThreadFactory("NettyIdleTimer", true));
        bootstrap.setOption("child.tcpNoDelay", true);
        bootstrap.setPipelineFactory(new ChannelPipelineFactory() {
            @Override
            public ChannelPipeline getPipeline() {
                NettyCodecAdapter adapter = new NettyCodecAdapter(getCodec(), getUrl(), NettyServer.this);
                ChannelPipeline pipeline = Channels.pipeline();
                /*int idleTimeout = getIdleTimeout();
                if (idleTimeout > 10000) {
                    pipeline.addLast("timer", new IdleStateHandler(timer, idleTimeout / 1000, 0, 0));
                }*/
                pipeline.addLast("decoder", adapter.getDecoder());
                pipeline.addLast("encoder", adapter.getEncoder());
                pipeline.addLast("handler", nettyHandler);
                return pipeline;
            }
        });
        // bind
        channel = bootstrap.bind(getBindAddress());
    }
    // server 创建后,对上层是不可见的,上层只知道 Transporter/ExchangeServer

    @Override
    public ExchangeServer bind(URL url, ExchangeHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        return new HeaderExchangeServer(Transporters.bind(url, new DecodeHandler(new HeaderExchangeHandler(handler))));
    }
    // HeaderExchangeServer设置好server后,启动一个心跳定时器与注册中心保持关联
    public HeaderExchangeServer(Server server) {
        if (server == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("server == null");
        }
        this.server = server;
        this.heartbeat = server.getUrl().getParameter(Constants.HEARTBEAT_KEY, 0);
        this.heartbeatTimeout = server.getUrl().getParameter(Constants.HEARTBEAT_TIMEOUT_KEY, heartbeat * 3);
        if (heartbeatTimeout < heartbeat * 2) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("heartbeatTimeout < heartbeatInterval * 2");
        }
        startHeartbeatTimer();
    }

到此,完整的server的启动就完成了,就等待客户端的连接了。

原文 

http://www.cnblogs.com/yougewe/p/9526777.html

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