简单读!Mybatis-3源码(一)一条select的一生

1. 下载git仓库, https://github.com/mybatis/mybatis-3

2. 打开IDE, 找到 test 包

3. 进入 org.apache.ibatis.autoconstructor.AutoConstructorTest, 有一个完整的sql 样例

public class AutoConstructorTest {
  private static SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory;

  @BeforeClass
  public static void setUp() throws Exception {
    // create a SqlSessionFactory
    try (Reader reader = Resources.getResourceAsReader("org/apache/ibatis/autoconstructor/mybatis-config.xml")) {
      sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader);
    }

    // populate in-memory database
    BaseDataTest.runScript(sqlSessionFactory.getConfiguration().getEnvironment().getDataSource(),
        "org/apache/ibatis/autoconstructor/CreateDB.sql");
  }

  @Test
  public void fullyPopulatedSubject() {
    try (SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession()) {
      final AutoConstructorMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AutoConstructorMapper.class);
      final Object subject = mapper.getSubject(1);
      assertNotNull(subject);
    }
  }

  @Test(expected = PersistenceException.class)
  public void primitiveSubjects() {
    try (SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession()) {
      final AutoConstructorMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AutoConstructorMapper.class);
      mapper.getSubjects();
    }
  }

  @Test
  public void annotatedSubject() {
    try (SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession()) {
      final AutoConstructorMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AutoConstructorMapper.class);
      verifySubjects(mapper.getAnnotatedSubjects());
    }
  }

  @Test(expected = PersistenceException.class)
  public void badSubject() {
    try (SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession()) {
      final AutoConstructorMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AutoConstructorMapper.class);
      mapper.getBadSubjects();
    }
  }

  @Test
  public void extensiveSubject() {
    try (SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession()) {
      final AutoConstructorMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AutoConstructorMapper.class);
      verifySubjects(mapper.getExtensiveSubject());
    }
  }

  private void verifySubjects(final List<?> subjects) {
    assertNotNull(subjects);
    Assertions.assertThat(subjects.size()).isEqualTo(3);
  }
}

目标方法:fullyPopulatedSubject(),最终进行一条 select 查询:

SELECT * FROM subject WHERE id = #{id}

首先执行的肯定 setup()方法了,setup()做了三件事:

1. 加载mybatis-config文件读取到reader中;

2. 将配置文件传递工厂builder中创建会话工厂;

3. 执行hsqldb内存数据库的初始化工作;(非本文重点)

接下来,咱们从源码的角度,主要看会话工厂的创建过程!

创建 sqlSessionFactory

   try (Reader reader = Resources.getResourceAsReader("org/apache/ibatis/autoconstructor/mybatis-config.xml")) {
      sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(reader);
    }
    
// SqlSessionFactoryBuilder.build(reader) -> XMLConfigBuilder.parse()
// org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder
  public SqlSessionFactory build(Reader reader) {
    return build(reader, null, null);
  }
  // 建立factory
  public SqlSessionFactory build(Reader reader, String environment, Properties properties) {
    try {
      XMLConfigBuilder parser = new XMLConfigBuilder(reader, environment, properties);
      return build(parser.parse());
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error building SqlSession.", e);
    } finally {
        // 加载完成后,上下文管理器重置
      ErrorContext.instance().reset();
      try {
        reader.close();
      } catch (IOException e) {
        // Intentionally ignore. Prefer previous error.
      }
    }
  }

标签解析

/**
 * Offline entity resolver for the MyBatis DTDs
 * 
 * @author Clinton Begin
 * @author Eduardo Macarron
 */
public class XMLMapperEntityResolver implements EntityResolver {

  private static final String IBATIS_CONFIG_SYSTEM = "ibatis-3-config.dtd";
  private static final String IBATIS_MAPPER_SYSTEM = "ibatis-3-mapper.dtd";
  private static final String MYBATIS_CONFIG_SYSTEM = "mybatis-3-config.dtd";
  private static final String MYBATIS_MAPPER_SYSTEM = "mybatis-3-mapper.dtd";

  private static final String MYBATIS_CONFIG_DTD = "org/apache/ibatis/builder/xml/mybatis-3-config.dtd";
  private static final String MYBATIS_MAPPER_DTD = "org/apache/ibatis/builder/xml/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd";

  /**
   * Converts a public DTD into a local one
   * 
   * @param publicId The public id that is what comes after "PUBLIC"
   * @param systemId The system id that is what comes after the public id.
   * @return The InputSource for the DTD
   * 
   * @throws org.xml.sax.SAXException If anything goes wrong
   */
  @Override
  public InputSource resolveEntity(String publicId, String systemId) throws SAXException {
    try {
      if (systemId != null) {
        String lowerCaseSystemId = systemId.toLowerCase(Locale.ENGLISH);
        if (lowerCaseSystemId.contains(MYBATIS_CONFIG_SYSTEM) || lowerCaseSystemId.contains(IBATIS_CONFIG_SYSTEM)) {
          return getInputSource(MYBATIS_CONFIG_DTD, publicId, systemId);
        } else if (lowerCaseSystemId.contains(MYBATIS_MAPPER_SYSTEM) || lowerCaseSystemId.contains(IBATIS_MAPPER_SYSTEM)) {
          return getInputSource(MYBATIS_MAPPER_DTD, publicId, systemId);
        }
      }
      return null;
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new SAXException(e.toString());
    }
  }

  private InputSource getInputSource(String path, String publicId, String systemId) {
    InputSource source = null;
    if (path != null) {
      try {
        InputStream in = Resources.getResourceAsStream(path);
        source = new InputSource(in);
        source.setPublicId(publicId);
        source.setSystemId(systemId);        
      } catch (IOException e) {
        // ignore, null is ok
      }
    }
    return source;
  }

}

parser

// org.apache.ibatis.parsing.XPathParser.XPathParser(), 设备一些必要参数

  public XPathParser(Reader reader, boolean validation, Properties variables, EntityResolver entityResolver) {
    commonConstructor(validation, variables, entityResolver);
    this.document = createDocument(new InputSource(reader));
  }
  private Document createDocument(InputSource inputSource) {
    // important: this must only be called AFTER common constructor
    try {
      DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
      factory.setValidating(validation);

      factory.setNamespaceAware(false);
      factory.setIgnoringComments(true);
      factory.setIgnoringElementContentWhitespace(false);
      factory.setCoalescing(false);
      factory.setExpandEntityReferences(true);

      DocumentBuilder builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
      builder.setEntityResolver(entityResolver);
      builder.setErrorHandler(new ErrorHandler() {
        @Override
        public void error(SAXParseException exception) throws SAXException {
          throw exception;
        }

        @Override
        public void fatalError(SAXParseException exception) throws SAXException {
          throw exception;
        }

        @Override
        public void warning(SAXParseException exception) throws SAXException {
        }
      });
      return builder.parse(inputSource);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BuilderException("Error creating document instance.  Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }
  

// 在返回fatory的时候调用 return build(parser.parse()); 将 config.xml 的配置全部解析到 configuration 实例

// 在返回fatory的时候调用 return build(parser.parse());  将 config.xml 的配置全部解析到 configuration 实例中
// org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLConfigBuilder.parse()
  public Configuration parse() {
    if (parsed) {
      throw new BuilderException("Each XMLConfigBuilder can only be used once.");
    }
    parsed = true;
    // 根元素为 /configuration, 依次向下解析
    parseConfiguration(parser.evalNode("/configuration"));
    return configuration;
  }
  
  // org.apache.ibatis.parsing.XPathParser.evalNode() 映射 xml 属性到 bean 
  public XNode evalNode(Object root, String expression) {
    Node node = (Node) evaluate(expression, root, XPathConstants.NODE);
    if (node == null) {
      return null;
    }
    return new XNode(this, node, variables);
  }

  private Object evaluate(String expression, Object root, QName returnType) {
    try {
      return xpath.evaluate(expression, root, returnType);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BuilderException("Error evaluating XPath.  Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }
  

具体解析项如下,从这里也一目了然,配置项支持什么:

  // 解析各配置参数到实例中
  private void parseConfiguration(XNode root) {
    try {
      //issue #117 read properties first
      propertiesElement(root.evalNode("properties"));
      Properties settings = settingsAsProperties(root.evalNode("settings"));
      // 这个配置没有用过吧
      loadCustomVfs(settings);
      // 解析别名设置
      typeAliasesElement(root.evalNode("typeAliases"));
      pluginElement(root.evalNode("plugins"));
      objectFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectFactory"));
      objectWrapperFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectWrapperFactory"));
      reflectorFactoryElement(root.evalNode("reflectorFactory"));
      settingsElement(settings);
      // read it after objectFactory and objectWrapperFactory issue #631
      environmentsElement(root.evalNode("environments"));
      databaseIdProviderElement(root.evalNode("databaseIdProvider"));
      typeHandlerElement(root.evalNode("typeHandlers"));
      // 重要节点,解析 mapper
      mapperElement(root.evalNode("mappers"));
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BuilderException("Error parsing SQL Mapper Configuration. Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }

下面依次来看一下都怎么解析各配置项的吧~

properties 解析

  // propertiesElement(root.evalNode("properties"));  url, resource 解析
  private void propertiesElement(XNode context) throws Exception {
    if (context != null) {
      Properties defaults = context.getChildrenAsProperties();
      String resource = context.getStringAttribute("resource");
      String url = context.getStringAttribute("url");
      if (resource != null && url != null) {
        throw new BuilderException("The properties element cannot specify both a URL and a resource based property file reference.  Please specify one or the other.");
      }
      if (resource != null) {
        defaults.putAll(Resources.getResourceAsProperties(resource));
      } else if (url != null) {
        defaults.putAll(Resources.getUrlAsProperties(url));
      }
      Properties vars = configuration.getVariables();
      if (vars != null) {
        defaults.putAll(vars);
      }
      // 解析完成后,放到 parser 和 configuration 实例中
      parser.setVariables(defaults);
      configuration.setVariables(defaults);
    }
  }

settings 配置项解析,返回内容待处理

  // Properties settings = settingsAsProperties(root.evalNode("settings"));
  private Properties settingsAsProperties(XNode context) {
    if (context == null) {
      return new Properties();
    }
    Properties props = context.getChildrenAsProperties();
    // Check that all settings are known to the configuration class
    MetaClass metaConfig = MetaClass.forClass(Configuration.class, localReflectorFactory);
    for (Object key : props.keySet()) {
      if (!metaConfig.hasSetter(String.valueOf(key))) {
        throw new BuilderException("The setting " + key + " is not known.  Make sure you spelled it correctly (case sensitive).");
      }
    }
    return props;
  }
  
  // loadCustomVfs(settings);  这个...
  private void loadCustomVfs(Properties props) throws ClassNotFoundException {
    String value = props.getProperty("vfsImpl");
    if (value != null) {
      String[] clazzes = value.split(",");
      for (String clazz : clazzes) {
        if (!clazz.isEmpty()) {
          @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
          Class<? extends VFS> vfsImpl = (Class<? extends VFS>)Resources.classForName(clazz);
          configuration.setVfsImpl(vfsImpl);
        }
      }
    }
  }
  

typeAliases 别名设置解析,主要做类型检查,及别名的注册工作

  // typeAliasesElement(root.evalNode("typeAliases"));
  private void typeAliasesElement(XNode parent) {
    if (parent != null) {
      for (XNode child : parent.getChildren()) {
        if ("package".equals(child.getName())) {
          // 针对package配置,需注册一系列别名,以 simpleName 代替
          String typeAliasPackage = child.getStringAttribute("name");
          configuration.getTypeAliasRegistry().registerAliases(typeAliasPackage);
        } else {
          String alias = child.getStringAttribute("alias");
          String type = child.getStringAttribute("type");
          try {
            Class<?> clazz = Resources.classForName(type);
            if (alias == null) {
              typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias(clazz);
            } else {
              typeAliasRegistry.registerAlias(alias, clazz);
            }
          } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            throw new BuilderException("Error registering typeAlias for '" + alias + "'. Cause: " + e, e);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  // org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeAliasRegistry.registerAlias(), 具体数据结构为 map 封装
  public void registerAlias(Class<?> type) {
    String alias = type.getSimpleName();
    Alias aliasAnnotation = type.getAnnotation(Alias.class);
    if (aliasAnnotation != null) {
      alias = aliasAnnotation.value();
    } 
    registerAlias(alias, type);
  }
  public void registerAlias(String alias, Class<?> value) {
    if (alias == null) {
      throw new TypeException("The parameter alias cannot be null");
    }
    // issue #748
    String key = alias.toLowerCase(Locale.ENGLISH);
    if (TYPE_ALIASES.containsKey(key) && TYPE_ALIASES.get(key) != null && !TYPE_ALIASES.get(key).equals(value)) {
      throw new TypeException("The alias '" + alias + "' is already mapped to the value '" + TYPE_ALIASES.get(key).getName() + "'.");
    }
    TYPE_ALIASES.put(key, value);
  }

plugins 配置项解析,将属性注入的plugin, 添加 plugin 到 configuration

  // pluginElement(root.evalNode("plugins"));
  private void pluginElement(XNode parent) throws Exception {
    if (parent != null) {
      for (XNode child : parent.getChildren()) {
        String interceptor = child.getStringAttribute("interceptor");
        Properties properties = child.getChildrenAsProperties();
        // 先创建一个plugin实例,备用
        Interceptor interceptorInstance = (Interceptor) resolveClass(interceptor).newInstance();
        // 配置属性的注入,回调
        interceptorInstance.setProperties(properties);
        // 添加到 configuration
        configuration.addInterceptor(interceptorInstance);
      }
    }
  }
public class InterceptorChain {

  private final List<Interceptor> interceptors = new ArrayList<>();

  public Object pluginAll(Object target) {
    for (Interceptor interceptor : interceptors) {
      target = interceptor.plugin(target);
    }
    return target;
  }

  public void addInterceptor(Interceptor interceptor) {
    interceptors.add(interceptor);
  }
  
  public List<Interceptor> getInterceptors() {
    return Collections.unmodifiableList(interceptors);
  }

}

objectFactory 配置项解析,与plugin原理相似,做替换自定义作用

  // objectFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectFactory"));
  private void objectFactoryElement(XNode context) throws Exception {
    if (context != null) {
      String type = context.getStringAttribute("type");
      Properties properties = context.getChildrenAsProperties();
      ObjectFactory factory = (ObjectFactory) resolveClass(type).newInstance();
      factory.setProperties(properties);
      configuration.setObjectFactory(factory);
    }
  }
  
  // objectWrapperFactoryElement(root.evalNode("objectWrapperFactory")); 没什么特别
  private void objectWrapperFactoryElement(XNode context) throws Exception {
    if (context != null) {
      String type = context.getStringAttribute("type");
      ObjectWrapperFactory factory = (ObjectWrapperFactory) resolveClass(type).newInstance();
      configuration.setObjectWrapperFactory(factory);
    }
  }
  
  // reflectorFactoryElement(root.evalNode("reflectorFactory"));
  private void reflectorFactoryElement(XNode context) throws Exception {
    if (context != null) {
       String type = context.getStringAttribute("type");
       ReflectorFactory factory = (ReflectorFactory) resolveClass(type).newInstance();
       configuration.setReflectorFactory(factory);
    }
  }

settings 选项解析,设置各种开关, 如缓存

  // settingsElement(settings);  设置各种开关, 如缓存
  private void settingsElement(Properties props) throws Exception {
    configuration.setAutoMappingBehavior(AutoMappingBehavior.valueOf(props.getProperty("autoMappingBehavior", "PARTIAL")));
    configuration.setAutoMappingUnknownColumnBehavior(AutoMappingUnknownColumnBehavior.valueOf(props.getProperty("autoMappingUnknownColumnBehavior", "NONE")));
    configuration.setCacheEnabled(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("cacheEnabled"), true));
    configuration.setProxyFactory((ProxyFactory) createInstance(props.getProperty("proxyFactory")));
    configuration.setLazyLoadingEnabled(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("lazyLoadingEnabled"), false));
    configuration.setAggressiveLazyLoading(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("aggressiveLazyLoading"), false));
    configuration.setMultipleResultSetsEnabled(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("multipleResultSetsEnabled"), true));
    configuration.setUseColumnLabel(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("useColumnLabel"), true));
    configuration.setUseGeneratedKeys(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("useGeneratedKeys"), false));
    configuration.setDefaultExecutorType(ExecutorType.valueOf(props.getProperty("defaultExecutorType", "SIMPLE")));
    configuration.setDefaultStatementTimeout(integerValueOf(props.getProperty("defaultStatementTimeout"), null));
    configuration.setDefaultFetchSize(integerValueOf(props.getProperty("defaultFetchSize"), null));
    configuration.setMapUnderscoreToCamelCase(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("mapUnderscoreToCamelCase"), false));
    configuration.setSafeRowBoundsEnabled(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("safeRowBoundsEnabled"), false));
    configuration.setLocalCacheScope(LocalCacheScope.valueOf(props.getProperty("localCacheScope", "SESSION")));
    configuration.setJdbcTypeForNull(JdbcType.valueOf(props.getProperty("jdbcTypeForNull", "OTHER")));
    configuration.setLazyLoadTriggerMethods(stringSetValueOf(props.getProperty("lazyLoadTriggerMethods"), "equals,clone,hashCode,toString"));
    configuration.setSafeResultHandlerEnabled(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("safeResultHandlerEnabled"), true));
    configuration.setDefaultScriptingLanguage(resolveClass(props.getProperty("defaultScriptingLanguage")));
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    Class<? extends TypeHandler> typeHandler = (Class<? extends TypeHandler>)resolveClass(props.getProperty("defaultEnumTypeHandler"));
    configuration.setDefaultEnumTypeHandler(typeHandler);
    configuration.setCallSettersOnNulls(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("callSettersOnNulls"), false));
    configuration.setUseActualParamName(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("useActualParamName"), true));
    configuration.setReturnInstanceForEmptyRow(booleanValueOf(props.getProperty("returnInstanceForEmptyRow"), false));
    configuration.setLogPrefix(props.getProperty("logPrefix"));
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    Class<? extends Log> logImpl = (Class<? extends Log>)resolveClass(props.getProperty("logImpl"));
    configuration.setLogImpl(logImpl);
    configuration.setConfigurationFactory(resolveClass(props.getProperty("configurationFactory")));
  }
  

environments 环境配置设置,根据指定环境,获取相应配置,加载数据源配置

  // environmentsElement(root.evalNode("environments")); 环境配置
  private void environmentsElement(XNode context) throws Exception {
    if (context != null) {
      if (environment == null) {
        // 默认为 development
        environment = context.getStringAttribute("default");
      }
      for (XNode child : context.getChildren()) {
        String id = child.getStringAttribute("id");
        // 查找当前环境配置,指定加载
        if (isSpecifiedEnvironment(id)) {
          // 事务管理、数据源
          TransactionFactory txFactory = transactionManagerElement(child.evalNode("transactionManager"));
          DataSourceFactory dsFactory = dataSourceElement(child.evalNode("dataSource"));
          DataSource dataSource = dsFactory.getDataSource();
          Environment.Builder environmentBuilder = new Environment.Builder(id)
              .transactionFactory(txFactory)
              .dataSource(dataSource);
          configuration.setEnvironment(environmentBuilder.build());
        }
      }
    }
  }
    // 环境配置包含, id, 事务管理, 数据源
    public Environment build() {
      return new Environment(this.id, this.transactionFactory, this.dataSource);
    }

databaseIdProvider 解析,对多数据源,包含多 机器,或多类型数据库 mysql,sqlserver

  // databaseIdProviderElement(root.evalNode("databaseIdProvider")); 
  private void databaseIdProviderElement(XNode context) throws Exception {
    DatabaseIdProvider databaseIdProvider = null;
    if (context != null) {
      String type = context.getStringAttribute("type");
      // awful patch to keep backward compatibility
      if ("VENDOR".equals(type)) {
          type = "DB_VENDOR";
      }
      Properties properties = context.getChildrenAsProperties();
      databaseIdProvider = (DatabaseIdProvider) resolveClass(type).newInstance();
      databaseIdProvider.setProperties(properties);
    }
    Environment environment = configuration.getEnvironment();
    if (environment != null && databaseIdProvider != null) {
      String databaseId = databaseIdProvider.getDatabaseId(environment.getDataSource());
      configuration.setDatabaseId(databaseId);
    }
  }

自定义 typeHandler

  // typeHandlerElement(root.evalNode("typeHandlers")); 自定义 typeHandler
  private void typeHandlerElement(XNode parent) throws Exception {
    if (parent != null) {
      for (XNode child : parent.getChildren()) {
        if ("package".equals(child.getName())) {
          String typeHandlerPackage = child.getStringAttribute("name");
          typeHandlerRegistry.register(typeHandlerPackage);
        } else {
          String javaTypeName = child.getStringAttribute("javaType");
          String jdbcTypeName = child.getStringAttribute("jdbcType");
          String handlerTypeName = child.getStringAttribute("handler");
          Class<?> javaTypeClass = resolveClass(javaTypeName);
          JdbcType jdbcType = resolveJdbcType(jdbcTypeName);
          Class<?> typeHandlerClass = resolveClass(handlerTypeName);
          if (javaTypeClass != null) {
            if (jdbcType == null) {
              typeHandlerRegistry.register(javaTypeClass, typeHandlerClass);
            } else {
              typeHandlerRegistry.register(javaTypeClass, jdbcType, typeHandlerClass);
            }
          } else {
            typeHandlerRegistry.register(typeHandlerClass);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  // org.apache.ibatis.type.TypeHandlerRegistry.register(), 以map保存映射
  private void register(Type javaType, JdbcType jdbcType, TypeHandler<?> handler) {
    if (javaType != null) {
      Map<JdbcType, TypeHandler<?>> map = TYPE_HANDLER_MAP.get(javaType);
      if (map == null || map == NULL_TYPE_HANDLER_MAP) {
        map = new HashMap<>();
        TYPE_HANDLER_MAP.put(javaType, map);
      }
      map.put(jdbcType, handler);
    }
    ALL_TYPE_HANDLERS_MAP.put(handler.getClass(), handler);
  }

mapper 解析,crud

  // mapperElement(root.evalNode("mappers"));
  private void mapperElement(XNode parent) throws Exception {
    if (parent != null) {
      for (XNode child : parent.getChildren()) {
        if ("package".equals(child.getName())) {
          String mapperPackage = child.getStringAttribute("name");
          configuration.addMappers(mapperPackage);
        } else {
          String resource = child.getStringAttribute("resource");
          String url = child.getStringAttribute("url");
          String mapperClass = child.getStringAttribute("class");
          if (resource != null && url == null && mapperClass == null) {
            ErrorContext.instance().resource(resource);
            InputStream inputStream = Resources.getResourceAsStream(resource);
            XMLMapperBuilder mapperParser = new XMLMapperBuilder(inputStream, configuration, resource, configuration.getSqlFragments());
            mapperParser.parse();
          } else if (resource == null && url != null && mapperClass == null) {
            ErrorContext.instance().resource(url);
            InputStream inputStream = Resources.getUrlAsStream(url);
            XMLMapperBuilder mapperParser = new XMLMapperBuilder(inputStream, configuration, url, configuration.getSqlFragments());
            mapperParser.parse();
          } else if (resource == null && url == null && mapperClass != null) {
            Class<?> mapperInterface = Resources.classForName(mapperClass);
            configuration.addMapper(mapperInterface);
          } else {
            throw new BuilderException("A mapper element may only specify a url, resource or class, but not more than one.");
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

mapper解析细节


  // org.apache.ibatis.builder.xml.XMLMapperBuilder.parse() mapper解析细节
  public void parse() {
    // 只解析一次 namespace
    if (!configuration.isResourceLoaded(resource)) {
      configurationElement(parser.evalNode("/mapper"));
      configuration.addLoadedResource(resource);
      bindMapperForNamespace();
    }

    // 解析 resultMaps
    parsePendingResultMaps();
    parsePendingCacheRefs();
    parsePendingStatements();
  }
  private void configurationElement(XNode context) {
    try {
      String namespace = context.getStringAttribute("namespace");
      if (namespace == null || namespace.equals("")) {
        throw new BuilderException("Mapper's namespace cannot be empty");
      }
      builderAssistant.setCurrentNamespace(namespace);
      cacheRefElement(context.evalNode("cache-ref"));
      cacheElement(context.evalNode("cache"));
      parameterMapElement(context.evalNodes("/mapper/parameterMap"));
      resultMapElements(context.evalNodes("/mapper/resultMap"));
      sqlElement(context.evalNodes("/mapper/sql"));
      buildStatementFromContext(context.evalNodes("select|insert|update|delete"));
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BuilderException("Error parsing Mapper XML. The XML location is '" + resource + "'. Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }

  private void parsePendingResultMaps() {
    Collection<ResultMapResolver> incompleteResultMaps = configuration.getIncompleteResultMaps();
    synchronized (incompleteResultMaps) {
      Iterator<ResultMapResolver> iter = incompleteResultMaps.iterator();
      while (iter.hasNext()) {
        try {
          iter.next().resolve();
          iter.remove();
        } catch (IncompleteElementException e) {
          // ResultMap is still missing a resource...
        }
      }
    }
  }

  private void parsePendingCacheRefs() {
    Collection<CacheRefResolver> incompleteCacheRefs = configuration.getIncompleteCacheRefs();
    synchronized (incompleteCacheRefs) {
      Iterator<CacheRefResolver> iter = incompleteCacheRefs.iterator();
      while (iter.hasNext()) {
        try {
          iter.next().resolveCacheRef();
          iter.remove();
        } catch (IncompleteElementException e) {
          // Cache ref is still missing a resource...
        }
      }
    }
  }

  private void parsePendingStatements() {
    Collection<XMLStatementBuilder> incompleteStatements = configuration.getIncompleteStatements();
    synchronized (incompleteStatements) {
      Iterator<XMLStatementBuilder> iter = incompleteStatements.iterator();
      while (iter.hasNext()) {
        try {
          iter.next().parseStatementNode();
          iter.remove();
        } catch (IncompleteElementException e) {
          // Statement is still missing a resource...
        }
      }
    }
  }

View Code

// 最后,返回一个 DefaultSqlSessionFactory, 载入配置项

  public SqlSessionFactory build(Configuration config) {
    return new DefaultSqlSessionFactory(config);
  }

// 会话创建好后,可以执行sql了

  public void fullyPopulatedSubject() {
    // 打开一个连接,使用完成后关闭
    try (SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession()) {
      final AutoConstructorMapper mapper = sqlSession.getMapper(AutoConstructorMapper.class);
      final Object subject = mapper.getSubject(1);
      assertNotNull(subject);
    }
  }

2. 打开获得一个数据库会话连接

  
// org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.SqlSession.openSession(); 打开一个数据库连接

  @Override
  public SqlSession openSession() {
    return openSessionFromDataSource(configuration.getDefaultExecutorType(), null, false);
  }
  private SqlSession openSessionFromDataSource(ExecutorType execType, TransactionIsolationLevel level, boolean autoCommit) {
    Transaction tx = null;
    try {
        // 运行环境获取
      final Environment environment = configuration.getEnvironment();
      // 事务管理工厂获取
      final TransactionFactory transactionFactory = getTransactionFactoryFromEnvironment(environment);
      // 创建新事务
      tx = transactionFactory.newTransaction(environment.getDataSource(), level, autoCommit);
      // new Executor
      final Executor executor = configuration.newExecutor(tx, execType);
      // 最后返回 DefaultSqlSession 使用
      return new DefaultSqlSession(configuration, executor, autoCommit);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      closeTransaction(tx); // may have fetched a connection so lets call close()
      throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error opening session.  Cause: " + e, e);
    } finally {
      // 关闭上下文监控
      ErrorContext.instance().reset();
    }
  }
  // org.apache.ibatis.session.Configuration.newExecutor()
  public Executor newExecutor(Transaction transaction, ExecutorType executorType) {
    executorType = executorType == null ? defaultExecutorType : executorType;
    executorType = executorType == null ? ExecutorType.SIMPLE : executorType;
    Executor executor;
    // 根据不同请求类型创建不同的 executor
    if (ExecutorType.BATCH == executorType) {
      executor = new BatchExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else if (ExecutorType.REUSE == executorType) {
      executor = new ReuseExecutor(this, transaction);
    } else {
      // 默认为 SIMPLE
      executor = new SimpleExecutor(this, transaction);
    }
    if (cacheEnabled) {
      // 创建缓存管理,将缓存请求委托给 executor 处理
      executor = new CachingExecutor(executor);
    }
    // 处理plugin 请求
    executor = (Executor) interceptorChain.pluginAll(executor);
    return executor;
  }
  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.CachingExecutor
  public CachingExecutor(Executor delegate) {
    this.delegate = delegate;
    delegate.setExecutorWrapper(this);
  }
  
  // 最后将加载好的各种配置和实际处理,由 DefaultSqlSession 包装好后返回
  public DefaultSqlSession(Configuration configuration, Executor executor, boolean autoCommit) {
    this.configuration = configuration;
    this.executor = executor;
    this.dirty = false;
    this.autoCommit = autoCommit;
  }

3. 获取mapper,准备调用查询

  // org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.getMapper()
  @Override
  public <T> T getMapper(Class<T> type) {
    return configuration.<T>getMapper(type, this);
  }
  
  // org.apache.ibatis.binding.MapperRegistry.getMapper()
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  public <T> T getMapper(Class<T> type, SqlSession sqlSession) {
    // 获取 MapperProxyFactory
    final MapperProxyFactory<T> mapperProxyFactory = (MapperProxyFactory<T>) knownMappers.get(type);
    if (mapperProxyFactory == null) {
      throw new BindingException("Type " + type + " is not known to the MapperRegistry.");
    }
    try {
      // 创建 mapper 实例 
      return mapperProxyFactory.newInstance(sqlSession);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw new BindingException("Error getting mapper instance. Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }

  // org.apache.ibatis.binding.newInstance(); 
  public T newInstance(SqlSession sqlSession) {
    final MapperProxy<T> mapperProxy = new MapperProxy<>(sqlSession, mapperInterface, methodCache);
    return newInstance(mapperProxy);
  }

4. select, 查询数据

  //mapper.getSubject(1); 查询数据
  @Override
  public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
    try {
      if (Object.class.equals(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
        return method.invoke(this, args);
      } else if (isDefaultMethod(method)) {
        return invokeDefaultMethod(proxy, method, args);
      }
    } catch (Throwable t) {
      throw ExceptionUtil.unwrapThrowable(t);
    }
    // 加载缓存包装方法
    final MapperMethod mapperMethod = cachedMapperMethod(method);
    // 执行查询
    return mapperMethod.execute(sqlSession, args);
  }
  
  private MapperMethod cachedMapperMethod(Method method) {
    return methodCache.computeIfAbsent(method, k -> new MapperMethod(mapperInterface, method, sqlSession.getConfiguration()));
  }

  // org.apache.ibatis.binding.MapperMethod.execute(sqlSession, args); 针对不同类型语句,做不同调用
  public Object execute(SqlSession sqlSession, Object[] args) {
    Object result;
    switch (command.getType()) {
      case INSERT: {
        Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
        result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.insert(command.getName(), param));
        break;
      }
      case UPDATE: {
        Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
        result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.update(command.getName(), param));
        break;
      }
      case DELETE: {
        Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
        result = rowCountResult(sqlSession.delete(command.getName(), param));
        break;
      }
      case SELECT:
        if (method.returnsVoid() && method.hasResultHandler()) {
          executeWithResultHandler(sqlSession, args);
          result = null;
        } else if (method.returnsMany()) {
          result = executeForMany(sqlSession, args);
        } else if (method.returnsMap()) {
          result = executeForMap(sqlSession, args);
        } else if (method.returnsCursor()) {
          result = executeForCursor(sqlSession, args);
        } else {
          // 转换参数
          Object param = method.convertArgsToSqlCommandParam(args);
          // 执行单条查询
          result = sqlSession.selectOne(command.getName(), param);
          if (method.returnsOptional() &&
              (result == null || !method.getReturnType().equals(result.getClass()))) {
            result = Optional.ofNullable(result);
          }
        }
        break;
      case FLUSH:
        result = sqlSession.flushStatements();
        break;
      default:
        throw new BindingException("Unknown execution method for: " + command.getName());
    }
    if (result == null && method.getReturnType().isPrimitive() && !method.returnsVoid()) {
      throw new BindingException("Mapper method '" + command.getName() 
          + " attempted to return null from a method with a primitive return type (" + method.getReturnType() + ").");
    }
    return result;
  }

  // org.apache.ibatis.reflection.ParamNameResolver.getNamedParams() 返回参数,如果是单个参数,直接返回参数值
  //  如果是多个参数,则以 map 形式返回
  public Object getNamedParams(Object[] args) {
    final int paramCount = names.size();
    if (args == null || paramCount == 0) {
      return null;
    } else if (!hasParamAnnotation && paramCount == 1) {
      return args[names.firstKey()];
    } else {
      final Map<String, Object> param = new ParamMap<>();
      int i = 0;
      for (Map.Entry<Integer, String> entry : names.entrySet()) {
        param.put(entry.getValue(), args[entry.getKey()]);
        // add generic param names (param1, param2, ...)
        final String genericParamName = GENERIC_NAME_PREFIX + String.valueOf(i + 1);
        // ensure not to overwrite parameter named with @Param
        if (!names.containsValue(genericParamName)) {
          param.put(genericParamName, args[entry.getKey()]);
        }
        i++;
      }
      return param;
    }
  }

View Code

selectOne

  // org.apache.ibatis.session.defaults.DefaultSqlSession.selectOne(command.getName(), param);
  @Override
  public <T> T selectOne(String statement, Object parameter) {
    // Popular vote was to return null on 0 results and throw exception on too many.
    // 查询单条记录时,默认也是先查询list,然后取第一条
    List<T> list = this.<T>selectList(statement, parameter);
    if (list.size() == 1) {
      return list.get(0);
    } else if (list.size() > 1) {
      throw new TooManyResultsException("Expected one result (or null) to be returned by selectOne(), but found: " + list.size());
    } else {
      return null;
    }
  }
  
  // 查询列表
  @Override
  public <E> List<E> selectList(String statement, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds) {
    try {
      // 先获取执行语句,此处 statement 为 id
      MappedStatement ms = configuration.getMappedStatement(statement);
      return executor.query(ms, wrapCollection(parameter), rowBounds, Executor.NO_RESULT_HANDLER);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      throw ExceptionFactory.wrapException("Error querying database.  Cause: " + e, e);
    } finally {
      ErrorContext.instance().reset();
    }
  }
  
  // org.apache.ibatis.session.Configuration.getMappedStatement(id), 获取初始化解析出来的语句
  public MappedStatement getMappedStatement(String id) {
    return this.getMappedStatement(id, true);
  }
  public MappedStatement getMappedStatement(String id, boolean validateIncompleteStatements) {
    if (validateIncompleteStatements) {
      buildAllStatements();
    }
    return mappedStatements.get(id);
  }

执行 query

  // executor.query(ms, wrapCollection(parameter), rowBounds, Executor.NO_RESULT_HANDLER);
  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.CachingExecutor.query()
  @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(MappedStatement ms, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler) throws SQLException {
    // 获取sql
    BoundSql boundSql = ms.getBoundSql(parameterObject);
    CacheKey key = createCacheKey(ms, parameterObject, rowBounds, boundSql);
    return query(ms, parameterObject, rowBounds, resultHandler, key, boundSql);
  }
  
  // org.apache.ibatis.mapping.MappedStatement.getBoundSql()
  public BoundSql getBoundSql(Object parameterObject) {
    BoundSql boundSql = sqlSource.getBoundSql(parameterObject);
    // 字段映射
    List<ParameterMapping> parameterMappings = boundSql.getParameterMappings();
    if (parameterMappings == null || parameterMappings.isEmpty()) {
      boundSql = new BoundSql(configuration, boundSql.getSql(), parameterMap.getParameterMappings(), parameterObject);
    }

    // check for nested result maps in parameter mappings (issue #30)
    for (ParameterMapping pm : boundSql.getParameterMappings()) {
      String rmId = pm.getResultMapId();
      if (rmId != null) {
        ResultMap rm = configuration.getResultMap(rmId);
        if (rm != null) {
          hasNestedResultMaps |= rm.hasNestedResultMaps();
        }
      }
    }

    return boundSql;
  }
  
  // CacheKey key = createCacheKey(ms, parameterObject, rowBounds, boundSql);
  // return query(ms, parameterObject, rowBounds, resultHandler, key, boundSql);
  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.CachingExecutor.query()
  @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(MappedStatement ms, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, CacheKey key, BoundSql boundSql)
      throws SQLException {
    Cache cache = ms.getCache();
    if (cache != null) {
      flushCacheIfRequired(ms);
      if (ms.isUseCache() && resultHandler == null) {
        ensureNoOutParams(ms, boundSql);
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        List<E> list = (List<E>) tcm.getObject(cache, key);
        if (list == null) {
          list = delegate.<E> query(ms, parameterObject, rowBounds, resultHandler, key, boundSql);
          tcm.putObject(cache, key, list); // issue #578 and #116
        }
        return list;
      }
    }
    return delegate.<E> query(ms, parameterObject, rowBounds, resultHandler, key, boundSql);
  }

queryFromDb

  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.SimpleExecutor.query() / BaseExecutor
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, CacheKey key, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    ErrorContext.instance().resource(ms.getResource()).activity("executing a query").object(ms.getId());
    if (closed) {
      throw new ExecutorException("Executor was closed.");
    }
    // 缓存刷新
    if (queryStack == 0 && ms.isFlushCacheRequired()) {
      clearLocalCache();
    }
    List<E> list;
    try {
      queryStack++;
      list = resultHandler == null ? (List<E>) localCache.getObject(key) : null;
      if (list != null) {
        handleLocallyCachedOutputParameters(ms, key, parameter, boundSql);
      } else {
        // 没有缓存,走db
        list = queryFromDatabase(ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, key, boundSql);
      }
    } finally {
      queryStack--;
    }
    if (queryStack == 0) {
      for (DeferredLoad deferredLoad : deferredLoads) {
        deferredLoad.load();
      }
      // issue #601
      deferredLoads.clear();
      if (configuration.getLocalCacheScope() == LocalCacheScope.STATEMENT) {
        // issue #482
        clearLocalCache();
      }
    }
    return list;
  }

  // BaseExecutor
  private <E> List<E> queryFromDatabase(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, CacheKey key, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    List<E> list;
    // 缓存占位符
    localCache.putObject(key, EXECUTION_PLACEHOLDER);
    try {
      list = doQuery(ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
    } finally {
      // 防止异常情况,保证将占位缓存删除
      localCache.removeObject(key);
    }
    // 操作完成后,重新放入缓存
    localCache.putObject(key, list);
    if (ms.getStatementType() == StatementType.CALLABLE) {
      localOutputParameterCache.putObject(key, parameter);
    }
    return list;
  }
  

doQuery

  @Override
  public <E> List<E> doQuery(MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt = null;
    try {
      // 获取全局配置
      Configuration configuration = ms.getConfiguration();
      // 获取statement, 处理 JDBC 接口
      StatementHandler handler = configuration.newStatementHandler(wrapper, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
      stmt = prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());
      return handler.<E>query(stmt, resultHandler);
    } finally {
      closeStatement(stmt);
    }
  }
    // org.apache.ibatis.session.Configuration.newStatementHandler(), 兼顾 plugins, 
  public StatementHandler newStatementHandler(Executor executor, MappedStatement mappedStatement, Object parameterObject, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) {
    StatementHandler statementHandler = new RoutingStatementHandler(executor, mappedStatement, parameterObject, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
    statementHandler = (StatementHandler) interceptorChain.pluginAll(statementHandler);
    return statementHandler;
  }

db查询


  // 为不同处理类型,建立不同的 handler
  public RoutingStatementHandler(Executor executor, MappedStatement ms, Object parameter, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultHandler resultHandler, BoundSql boundSql) {

    switch (ms.getStatementType()) {
      case STATEMENT:
        delegate = new SimpleStatementHandler(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
        break;
      case PREPARED:
        delegate = new PreparedStatementHandler(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
        break;
      case CALLABLE:
        delegate = new CallableStatementHandler(executor, ms, parameter, rowBounds, resultHandler, boundSql);
        break;
      default:
        throw new ExecutorException("Unknown statement type: " + ms.getStatementType());
    }

  }
  
  //stmt = prepareStatement(handler, ms.getStatementLog());
  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.SimpleExecutor.prepareStatement(), 获取 statement, JDBC
  private Statement prepareStatement(StatementHandler handler, Log statementLog) throws SQLException {
    Statement stmt;
    Connection connection = getConnection(statementLog);
    // sql录入
    stmt = handler.prepare(connection, transaction.getTimeout());
    // 参数绑定
    handler.parameterize(stmt);
    return stmt;
  }
  
  // BaseExecutor
  protected Connection getConnection(Log statementLog) throws SQLException {
    Connection connection = transaction.getConnection();
    if (statementLog.isDebugEnabled()) {
      return ConnectionLogger.newInstance(connection, statementLog, queryStack);
    } else {
      return connection;
    }
  }

  // org.apache.ibatis.transaction.jdbc.JdbcTransaction.getConnection()
  @Override
  public Connection getConnection() throws SQLException {
    if (connection == null) {
      // 为空时新建 connection 
      openConnection();
    }
    return connection;
  }

  
  protected void openConnection() throws SQLException {
    if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
      log.debug("Opening JDBC Connection");
    }
    connection = dataSource.getConnection();
    if (level != null) {
      connection.setTransactionIsolation(level.getLevel());
    }
    setDesiredAutoCommit(autoCommit);
  }
  
  // org.apache.ibatis.datasource.unpooled.getConnection()
  @Override
  public Connection getConnection() throws SQLException {
    return doGetConnection(username, password);
  }

  private Connection doGetConnection(String username, String password) throws SQLException {
    Properties props = new Properties();
    if (driverProperties != null) {
      props.putAll(driverProperties);
    }
    if (username != null) {
      props.setProperty("user", username);
    }
    if (password != null) {
      props.setProperty("password", password);
    }
    return doGetConnection(props);
  }
  
  private Connection doGetConnection(Properties properties) throws SQLException {
    // 如果没有初始化驱动,初始化
    initializeDriver();
    // 
    Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(url, properties);
    configureConnection(connection);
    return connection;
  }

  private synchronized void initializeDriver() throws SQLException {
    if (!registeredDrivers.containsKey(driver)) {
      Class<?> driverType;
      try {
        // 加载驱动
        if (driverClassLoader != null) {
          driverType = Class.forName(driver, true, driverClassLoader);
        } else {
          driverType = Resources.classForName(driver);
        }
        // DriverManager requires the driver to be loaded via the system ClassLoader.
        // http://www.kfu.com/~nsayer/Java/dyn-jdbc.html
        Driver driverInstance = (Driver)driverType.newInstance();
        DriverManager.registerDriver(new DriverProxy(driverInstance));
        registeredDrivers.put(driver, driverInstance);
      } catch (Exception e) {
        throw new SQLException("Error setting driver on UnpooledDataSource. Cause: " + e);
      }
    }
  }
  
  private void configureConnection(Connection conn) throws SQLException {
    if (autoCommit != null && autoCommit != conn.getAutoCommit()) {
      conn.setAutoCommit(autoCommit);
    }
    if (defaultTransactionIsolationLevel != null) {
      conn.setTransactionIsolation(defaultTransactionIsolationLevel);
    }
  }
  
  
// stmt = handler.prepare(connection, transaction.getTimeout()); 组装sql
// org.apache.ibatis.executor.statement.RoutingStatementHandler.prepare()
  @Override
  public Statement prepare(Connection connection, Integer transactionTimeout) throws SQLException {
    return delegate.prepare(connection, transactionTimeout);
  }
  
  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.statement.PreparedStatementHandler.  
  @Override
  public Statement prepare(Connection connection, Integer transactionTimeout) throws SQLException {
    ErrorContext.instance().sql(boundSql.getSql());
    Statement statement = null;
    try {
      // select * from tab where id = ?
      statement = instantiateStatement(connection);
      // 设置超时
      setStatementTimeout(statement, transactionTimeout);
      // 设置查询大小,默认不限制
      setFetchSize(statement);
      return statement;
    } catch (SQLException e) {
      closeStatement(statement);
      throw e;
    } catch (Exception e) {
      closeStatement(statement);
      throw new ExecutorException("Error preparing statement.  Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }


  // 调用jdbc connection.prepareStatement(sql), 初始化语句
  @Override
  protected Statement instantiateStatement(Connection connection) throws SQLException {
    String sql = boundSql.getSql();
    if (mappedStatement.getKeyGenerator() instanceof Jdbc3KeyGenerator) {
      String[] keyColumnNames = mappedStatement.getKeyColumns();
      if (keyColumnNames == null) {
        return connection.prepareStatement(sql, PreparedStatement.RETURN_GENERATED_KEYS);
      } else {
        return connection.prepareStatement(sql, keyColumnNames);
      }
    } else if (mappedStatement.getResultSetType() == ResultSetType.DEFAULT) {
      return connection.prepareStatement(sql);
    } else {
      return connection.prepareStatement(sql, mappedStatement.getResultSetType().getValue(), ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
    }
  }
  
  // PreparedStatementHandler handler.parameterize(stmt); 
  @Override
  public void parameterize(Statement statement) throws SQLException {
    parameterHandler.setParameters((PreparedStatement) statement);
  }

  // org.apache.ibatis.scripting.defaults.DefaultParameterHandler.setParameters()
  @Override
  public void setParameters(PreparedStatement ps) {
    ErrorContext.instance().activity("setting parameters").object(mappedStatement.getParameterMap().getId());
    List<ParameterMapping> parameterMappings = boundSql.getParameterMappings();
    if (parameterMappings != null) {
      for (int i = 0; i < parameterMappings.size(); i++) {
        ParameterMapping parameterMapping = parameterMappings.get(i);
        if (parameterMapping.getMode() != ParameterMode.OUT) {
          Object value;
          String propertyName = parameterMapping.getProperty();
          if (boundSql.hasAdditionalParameter(propertyName)) { // issue #448 ask first for additional params
            value = boundSql.getAdditionalParameter(propertyName);
          } else if (parameterObject == null) {
            value = null;
          } else if (typeHandlerRegistry.hasTypeHandler(parameterObject.getClass())) {
            value = parameterObject;
          } else {
            MetaObject metaObject = configuration.newMetaObject(parameterObject);
            value = metaObject.getValue(propertyName);
          }
          // TypeHandler 处理参数类型
          TypeHandler typeHandler = parameterMapping.getTypeHandler();
          JdbcType jdbcType = parameterMapping.getJdbcType();
          if (value == null && jdbcType == null) {
            jdbcType = configuration.getJdbcTypeForNull();
          }
          try {
            typeHandler.setParameter(ps, i + 1, value, jdbcType);
          } catch (TypeException e) {
            throw new TypeException("Could not set parameters for mapping: " + parameterMapping + ". Cause: " + e, e);
          } catch (SQLException e) {
            throw new TypeException("Could not set parameters for mapping: " + parameterMapping + ". Cause: " + e, e);
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
  
  // return handler.<E>query(stmt, resultHandler);
  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.statement.RoutingStatementHandler.query()
  @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(Statement statement, ResultHandler resultHandler) throws SQLException {
    return delegate.<E>query(statement, resultHandler);
  }
  
  
  // PreparedStatementHandler.query()
  @Override
  public <E> List<E> query(Statement statement, ResultHandler resultHandler) throws SQLException {
    PreparedStatement ps = (PreparedStatement) statement;
    // 调用驱动程序执行 execute
    ps.execute();
    // 处理结果集映射
    return resultSetHandler.<E> handleResultSets(ps);
  }

  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.resultset.DefaultResultSetHandler.handleResultSets(), 处理结果集映射
  @Override
  public List<Object> handleResultSets(Statement stmt) throws SQLException {
    ErrorContext.instance().activity("handling results").object(mappedStatement.getId());

    final List<Object> multipleResults = new ArrayList<>();

    int resultSetCount = 0;
    // 获取第一个结果集(开始偏移的地方)
    ResultSetWrapper rsw = getFirstResultSet(stmt);

    List<ResultMap> resultMaps = mappedStatement.getResultMaps();
    int resultMapCount = resultMaps.size();
    validateResultMapsCount(rsw, resultMapCount);
    while (rsw != null && resultMapCount > resultSetCount) {
      ResultMap resultMap = resultMaps.get(resultSetCount);
      handleResultSet(rsw, resultMap, multipleResults, null);
      rsw = getNextResultSet(stmt);
      cleanUpAfterHandlingResultSet();
      resultSetCount++;
    }

    String[] resultSets = mappedStatement.getResultSets();
    if (resultSets != null) {
      while (rsw != null && resultSetCount < resultSets.length) {
        ResultMapping parentMapping = nextResultMaps.get(resultSets[resultSetCount]);
        if (parentMapping != null) {
          String nestedResultMapId = parentMapping.getNestedResultMapId();
          ResultMap resultMap = configuration.getResultMap(nestedResultMapId);
          handleResultSet(rsw, resultMap, null, parentMapping);
        }
        rsw = getNextResultSet(stmt);
        cleanUpAfterHandlingResultSet();
        resultSetCount++;
      }
    }

    return collapseSingleResultList(multipleResults);
  }
  
  // org.apache.ibatis.executor.resultset.ResultSetWrapper, 根据第一行返回数据集,初始化字段名及字段类型
  public ResultSetWrapper(ResultSet rs, Configuration configuration) throws SQLException {
    super();
    this.typeHandlerRegistry = configuration.getTypeHandlerRegistry();
    this.resultSet = rs;
    final ResultSetMetaData metaData = rs.getMetaData();
    final int columnCount = metaData.getColumnCount();
    for (int i = 1; i <= columnCount; i++) {
      columnNames.add(configuration.isUseColumnLabel() ? metaData.getColumnLabel(i) : metaData.getColumnName(i));
      // java.sql.Types, 处理返回的类型为具体的java类型映射到 org.apache.ibatis.type.JdbcType
      jdbcTypes.add(JdbcType.forCode(metaData.getColumnType(i)));
      // java 类型全名
      classNames.add(metaData.getColumnClassName(i));
    }
  }

View Code

数据库结果映射到javabean

  // DefaultResultSetHandler.handleResultSet() 处理单条记录映射关系
  private void handleResultSet(ResultSetWrapper rsw, ResultMap resultMap, List<Object> multipleResults, ResultMapping parentMapping) throws SQLException {
    try {
      if (parentMapping != null) {
        handleRowValues(rsw, resultMap, null, RowBounds.DEFAULT, parentMapping);
      } else {
        if (resultHandler == null) {
          DefaultResultHandler defaultResultHandler = new DefaultResultHandler(objectFactory);
          handleRowValues(rsw, resultMap, defaultResultHandler, rowBounds, null);
          multipleResults.add(defaultResultHandler.getResultList());
        } else {
          handleRowValues(rsw, resultMap, resultHandler, rowBounds, null);
        }
      }
    } finally {
      // issue #228 (close resultsets)
      closeResultSet(rsw.getResultSet());
    }
  }
  // handleRowValues(rsw, resultMap, defaultResultHandler, rowBounds, null);
  public void handleRowValues(ResultSetWrapper rsw, ResultMap resultMap, ResultHandler<?> resultHandler, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultMapping parentMapping) throws SQLException {
    if (resultMap.hasNestedResultMaps()) {
      // 嵌套数据的映射
      ensureNoRowBounds();
      checkResultHandler();
      handleRowValuesForNestedResultMap(rsw, resultMap, resultHandler, rowBounds, parentMapping);
    } else {
      // 简单数据映射
      handleRowValuesForSimpleResultMap(rsw, resultMap, resultHandler, rowBounds, parentMapping);
    }
  }
  // 简单数据映射
  private void handleRowValuesForSimpleResultMap(ResultSetWrapper rsw, ResultMap resultMap, ResultHandler<?> resultHandler, RowBounds rowBounds, ResultMapping parentMapping)
      throws SQLException {
    DefaultResultContext<Object> resultContext = new DefaultResultContext<>();
    ResultSet resultSet = rsw.getResultSet();
    // 跳过行偏移,难道不是在数据sql中添加 limit 进行数据筛选的?
    skipRows(resultSet, rowBounds);
    while (shouldProcessMoreRows(resultContext, rowBounds) && !resultSet.isClosed() && resultSet.next()) {
      // 1. Discriminated 鉴别器
      ResultMap discriminatedResultMap = resolveDiscriminatedResultMap(resultSet, resultMap, null);
      // 
      Object rowValue = getRowValue(rsw, discriminatedResultMap, null);
      storeObject(resultHandler, resultContext, rowValue, parentMapping, resultSet);
    }
  }
  // 检测超过 limit 后,不再继续获取结果
  private boolean shouldProcessMoreRows(ResultContext<?> context, RowBounds rowBounds) {
    return !context.isStopped() && context.getResultCount() < rowBounds.getLimit();
  }
  // Discriminated
  public ResultMap resolveDiscriminatedResultMap(ResultSet rs, ResultMap resultMap, String columnPrefix) throws SQLException {
    Set<String> pastDiscriminators = new HashSet<>();
    Discriminator discriminator = resultMap.getDiscriminator();
    while (discriminator != null) {
      final Object value = getDiscriminatorValue(rs, discriminator, columnPrefix);
      final String discriminatedMapId = discriminator.getMapIdFor(String.valueOf(value));
      if (configuration.hasResultMap(discriminatedMapId)) {
        resultMap = configuration.getResultMap(discriminatedMapId);
        Discriminator lastDiscriminator = discriminator;
        discriminator = resultMap.getDiscriminator();
        if (discriminator == lastDiscriminator || !pastDiscriminators.add(discriminatedMapId)) {
          break;
        }
      } else {
        break;
      }
    }
    return resultMap;
  }
    
  // 从结果set中获取值
  private Object getRowValue(ResultSetWrapper rsw, ResultMap resultMap, String columnPrefix) throws SQLException {
    final ResultLoaderMap lazyLoader = new ResultLoaderMap();
    Object rowValue = createResultObject(rsw, resultMap, lazyLoader, columnPrefix);
    if (rowValue != null && !hasTypeHandlerForResultObject(rsw, resultMap.getType())) {
      final MetaObject metaObject = configuration.newMetaObject(rowValue);
      boolean foundValues = this.useConstructorMappings;
      if (shouldApplyAutomaticMappings(resultMap, false)) {
        foundValues = applyAutomaticMappings(rsw, resultMap, metaObject, columnPrefix) || foundValues;
      }
      foundValues = applyPropertyMappings(rsw, resultMap, metaObject, lazyLoader, columnPrefix) || foundValues;
      foundValues = lazyLoader.size() > 0 || foundValues;
      rowValue = foundValues || configuration.isReturnInstanceForEmptyRow() ? rowValue : null;
    }
    return rowValue;
  }
  
  // DefaultResultSetHandler
  private Object createResultObject(ResultSetWrapper rsw, ResultMap resultMap, List<Class<?>> constructorArgTypes, List<Object> constructorArgs, String columnPrefix)
      throws SQLException {
    final Class<?> resultType = resultMap.getType();
    final MetaClass metaType = MetaClass.forClass(resultType, reflectorFactory);
    final List<ResultMapping> constructorMappings = resultMap.getConstructorResultMappings();
    if (hasTypeHandlerForResultObject(rsw, resultType)) {
      return createPrimitiveResultObject(rsw, resultMap, columnPrefix);
    } else if (!constructorMappings.isEmpty()) {
      return createParameterizedResultObject(rsw, resultType, constructorMappings, constructorArgTypes, constructorArgs, columnPrefix);
    } else if (resultType.isInterface() || metaType.hasDefaultConstructor()) {
      return objectFactory.create(resultType);
    } else if (shouldApplyAutomaticMappings(resultMap, false)) {
      return createByConstructorSignature(rsw, resultType, constructorArgTypes, constructorArgs, columnPrefix);
    }
    throw new ExecutorException("Do not know how to create an instance of " + resultType);
  }
  
  // 构造器注入方式
  private Object createByConstructorSignature(ResultSetWrapper rsw, Class<?> resultType, List<Class<?>> constructorArgTypes, List<Object> constructorArgs,
                                              String columnPrefix) throws SQLException {
    final Constructor<?>[] constructors = resultType.getDeclaredConstructors();
    final Constructor<?> defaultConstructor = findDefaultConstructor(constructors);
    if (defaultConstructor != null) {
      return createUsingConstructor(rsw, resultType, constructorArgTypes, constructorArgs, columnPrefix, defaultConstructor);
    } else {
      for (Constructor<?> constructor : constructors) {
        if (allowedConstructorUsingTypeHandlers(constructor, rsw.getJdbcTypes())) {
          return createUsingConstructor(rsw, resultType, constructorArgTypes, constructorArgs, columnPrefix, constructor);
        }
      }
    }
    throw new ExecutorException("No constructor found in " + resultType.getName() + " matching " + rsw.getClassNames());
  }
  
  private Object createUsingConstructor(ResultSetWrapper rsw, Class<?> resultType, List<Class<?>> constructorArgTypes, List<Object> constructorArgs, String columnPrefix, Constructor<?> constructor) throws SQLException {
    boolean foundValues = false;
    for (int i = 0; i < constructor.getParameterTypes().length; i++) {
      Class<?> parameterType = constructor.getParameterTypes()[i];
      String columnName = rsw.getColumnNames().get(i);
      TypeHandler<?> typeHandler = rsw.getTypeHandler(parameterType, columnName);
      Object value = typeHandler.getResult(rsw.getResultSet(), prependPrefix(columnName, columnPrefix));
      constructorArgTypes.add(parameterType);
      constructorArgs.add(value);
      foundValues = value != null || foundValues;
    }
    // 调用构造方法注入值
    return foundValues ? objectFactory.create(resultType, constructorArgTypes, constructorArgs) : null;
  }

  // org.apache.ibatis.reflection.factory.DefaultObjectFactory.create(), 调用构造器返回 bean 实例
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  @Override
  public <T> T create(Class<T> type, List<Class<?>> constructorArgTypes, List<Object> constructorArgs) {
    Class<?> classToCreate = resolveInterface(type);
    // we know types are assignable
    return (T) instantiateClass(classToCreate, constructorArgTypes, constructorArgs);
  }

  private  <T> T instantiateClass(Class<T> type, List<Class<?>> constructorArgTypes, List<Object> constructorArgs) {
    try {
      Constructor<T> constructor;
      if (constructorArgTypes == null || constructorArgs == null) {
        constructor = type.getDeclaredConstructor();
        try {
          return constructor.newInstance();
        } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
          if (Reflector.canControlMemberAccessible()) {
            constructor.setAccessible(true);
            return constructor.newInstance();
          } else {
            throw e;
          }
        }
      }
      constructor = type.getDeclaredConstructor(constructorArgTypes.toArray(new Class[constructorArgTypes.size()]));
      try {
        return constructor.newInstance(constructorArgs.toArray(new Object[constructorArgs.size()]));
      } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
        if (Reflector.canControlMemberAccessible()) {
          constructor.setAccessible(true);
          return constructor.newInstance(constructorArgs.toArray(new Object[constructorArgs.size()]));
        } else {
          throw e;
        }
      }
    } catch (Exception e) {
      StringBuilder argTypes = new StringBuilder();
      if (constructorArgTypes != null && !constructorArgTypes.isEmpty()) {
        for (Class<?> argType : constructorArgTypes) {
          argTypes.append(argType.getSimpleName());
          argTypes.append(",");
        }
        argTypes.deleteCharAt(argTypes.length() - 1); // remove trailing ,
      }
      StringBuilder argValues = new StringBuilder();
      if (constructorArgs != null && !constructorArgs.isEmpty()) {
        for (Object argValue : constructorArgs) {
          argValues.append(String.valueOf(argValue));
          argValues.append(",");
        }
        argValues.deleteCharAt(argValues.length() - 1); // remove trailing ,
      }
      throw new ReflectionException("Error instantiating " + type + " with invalid types (" + argTypes + ") or values (" + argValues + "). Cause: " + e, e);
    }
  }

View Code

数据集获取

  // 保存结果
  private void storeObject(ResultHandler<?> resultHandler, DefaultResultContext<Object> resultContext, Object rowValue, ResultMapping parentMapping, ResultSet rs) throws SQLException {
    if (parentMapping != null) {
      linkToParents(rs, parentMapping, rowValue);
    } else {
      callResultHandler(resultHandler, resultContext, rowValue);
    }
  }

  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked" /* because ResultHandler<?> is always ResultHandler<Object>*/)
  private void callResultHandler(ResultHandler<?> resultHandler, DefaultResultContext<Object> resultContext, Object rowValue) {
    resultContext.nextResultObject(rowValue);
    ((ResultHandler<Object>) resultHandler).handleResult(resultContext);
  }
  // 
  private boolean applyPropertyMappings(ResultSetWrapper rsw, ResultMap resultMap, MetaObject metaObject, ResultLoaderMap lazyLoader, String columnPrefix)
      throws SQLException {
    final List<String> mappedColumnNames = rsw.getMappedColumnNames(resultMap, columnPrefix);
    boolean foundValues = false;
    final List<ResultMapping> propertyMappings = resultMap.getPropertyResultMappings();
    for (ResultMapping propertyMapping : propertyMappings) {
      String column = prependPrefix(propertyMapping.getColumn(), columnPrefix);
      if (propertyMapping.getNestedResultMapId() != null) {
        // the user added a column attribute to a nested result map, ignore it
        column = null;
      }
      if (propertyMapping.isCompositeResult()
          || (column != null && mappedColumnNames.contains(column.toUpperCase(Locale.ENGLISH)))
          || propertyMapping.getResultSet() != null) {
        Object value = getPropertyMappingValue(rsw.getResultSet(), metaObject, propertyMapping, lazyLoader, columnPrefix);
        // issue #541 make property optional
        final String property = propertyMapping.getProperty();
        if (property == null) {
          continue;
        } else if (value == DEFERED) {
          foundValues = true;
          continue;
        }
        if (value != null) {
          foundValues = true;
        }
        if (value != null || (configuration.isCallSettersOnNulls() && !metaObject.getSetterType(property).isPrimitive())) {
          // gcode issue #377, call setter on nulls (value is not 'found')
          metaObject.setValue(property, value);
        }
      }
    }
    return foundValues;
  }
  
  // collapseSingleResultList(multipleResults);  转换多级 list 为1级list
  @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
  private List<Object> collapseSingleResultList(List<Object> multipleResults) {
    return multipleResults.size() == 1 ? (List<Object>) multipleResults.get(0) : multipleResults;
  }

至此,一条select 语句搞定!

主要经历几个阶段:

1. 加载配置

2. 创建sqlSessionFactory

3. 获取sqlSession

4. jdbc连接

5. 获取mapper

6. 查询参数绑定

7. 获取db结果

8. 处理返回集字段映射

9. 缓存结果

10. 返回结果

原文 

http://www.cnblogs.com/yougewe/p/9926638.html

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