最全的Spring-Boot集成Mybatis-Plus教程

开发pybbs最后选用的是Mybatis-Plus框架,不得不说, 真香
,想当初接触过jpa后,跟别人安利,说jpa多好用多简单,后来在公司项目里用时,随着项目渐渐复杂起来,多个表关联查询是真的不爽,哎呀, xml真香

这一篇博客总结一下使用mybatis-plus的相关配置以及mybatis的一些用法

创建项目

普通的spring-boot项目,在start.spring.io或者使用idea创建都行,相关依赖如下

我这版本用的springboot版本是 2.1.4

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
  <scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>mysql</groupId>
  <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
  <scope>runtime</scope>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
  <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
  <optional>true</optional>
</dependency>
<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
  <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.baomidou</groupId>
  <artifactId>mybatis-plus-boot-starter</artifactId>
  <version>3.1.0</version>
</dependency>

建表

CREATE TABLE `topic` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `title` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `content` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `tag` varchar(255) DEFAULT NULL,
  `in_time` datetime DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=14 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

插入一些数据

INSERT INTO `topic` (`id`, `title`, `content`, `tag`, `in_time`)
VALUES
	(1, 'title1', 'content1', 'tag1', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(2, 'title2', 'content2', 'tag2', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(3, 'title3', 'content3', 'tag3', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(4, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(5, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(6, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(7, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(8, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(9, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(10, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(11, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(12, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35'),
	(13, 'title4', 'content4', 'tag4', '2019-04-15 09:33:35');

原链接文: https://tomoya92.github.io/2019/04/15/spring-boot-mybatis-plus-tutorial/

创建实体类

@Data
public class Topic {

  @TableId(type = IdType.AUTO)
  private Integer id;

  private String title;
  private String content;
  private String tag;
  private Date inTime;

}

创建mapper

public interface TopicMapper extends BaseMapper<Topic> {

}

创建service

@Service
@Transactional
public class TopicService {

  @Autowired
  private TopicMapper topicMapper;

  public List<Topic> list() {
    return topicMapper.selectList(new QueryWrapper<>());
  }

}

创建controller

@RestController
public class TopicController {

  @Autowired
  private TopicService topicService;

  @GetMapping("/")
  public Object list() {
    return topicService.list();
  }
}

添加包扫描

最后在启动类 MybatisPlusDemoApplication.java
上加上扫描包的注解,如下

@SpringBootApplication
@MapperScan("com.example.mybatisplusdemo..mapper")
public class MybatisPlusDemoApplication {

  public static void main(String[] args) {
    SpringApplication.run(MybatisPlusDemoApplication.class, args);
  }

}

测试

curl http://localhost:808/

[{"id":1,"title":"title1","content":"content1","tag":"tag1","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":2,"title":"title2","content":"content2","tag":"tag2","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":3,"title":"title3","content":"content3","tag":"tag3","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":4,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":5,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":6,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":7,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":8,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":9,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":10,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":11,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":12,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":13,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"}]

上面的一些用法在mybatis-plus官网上都能找到,都是基本用法,但开发项目不可能都是简单的crud,下面来说说一些高级的用法

xml怎么配置

mybatis-plus里内置的crud都给封装好了,都在 BaseMapper
接口里,包括CRUD,分页,那如果我要自定义查询,返回字段不是整个实体类的字段怎么办呢?

可以通过定义xml文件来查询,方法如下

TopicMapper.java
类的包下,创建一个 TopicMapper.xml
文件,填上下面内容

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="com.example.mybatisplusdemo.mapper.TopicMapper">

  <!-- 映射表字段与实体类属性 -->
  <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="com.example.mybatisplusdemo.model.Topic">
      <id column="id" jdbcType="INTEGER" property="id"/>
      <id column="title" jdbcType="VARCHAR" property="title"/>
      <id column="content" jdbcType="VARCHAR" property="content"/>
      <id column="tag" jdbcType="VARCHAR" property="tag"/>
      <id column="in_time" jdbcType="DATE" property="inTime"/>
  </resultMap>

  <!-- 通用查询结果列 -->
  <sql id="Base_Column_List">
      id, title, content, tag, in_time
  </sql>

  <!-- 自定义查询方法 -->

</mapper>

在这个xml文件里定义一个方法

<select id="selectByTitle" resultMap="BaseResultMap">
  select <include refid="Base_Column_List"/> from topic where title = '${title}'
</select>

接原链文: https://tomoya92.github.io/2019/04/15/spring-boot-mybatis-plus-tutorial/

对应的,在 TopicMapper.java
里也要加上相应的接口

public interface TopicMapper extends BaseMapper<Topic> {
  Topic selectByTitle(@Param("title") String title);
}

在service里就可以调用了,controller里再调用service里的方法,然后测试

curl http://localhost:8080/selectByTitle?title=titl1

{"id":1,"title":"title1","content":"content1","tag":"tag1","inTime":"2019-04-15T05:00:00.000+0000"}

可以看到上面xml里定义方法时用到的返回类型是定义好的映射 resultMap="BaseResultMap"
和通用查询结果列 <include refid="Base_Column_List"/>
,那如果我想返回一个map怎么办呢?

resultMap="BaseResultMap"
换成 resultType="map"
,查询语句里写上要查询的字段即可

自定义返回结果

上面最后提到返回一个map,这需求也很常见,比如一个表字段有10个,我只想要5个,那这时候再去定义通用查询结果列就不太好了,两个还好,多了xml就会很乱,所以map是最适合的方式,下面来定义一个查询看下效果

<select id="selectTitleList" resultType="map">
  select id, title, in_time from topic
</select>

上面定义了一个方法,返回用的是 map
,查询字段有 id, title
BaseMapper.java
里接口定义如下

public interface TopicMapper extends BaseMapper<Topic> {
  List<Map> selectTitleList();
}

写好service,controller,测试

curl http://localhost:8080/selectTitleList

[{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":1,"title":"title1"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":2,"title":"title2"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":3,"title":"title3"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":4,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":5,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":6,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":7,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":8,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":9,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":10,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":11,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":12,"title":"title4"},
{"in_time":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":13,"title":"title4"}]

map转驼峰

上面查询结果可以看到,返回的确实是map,没有问题,但java类中的驼峰没有转回来呀,这样就不友好了,比如前端定义好了返回结果类,本来查询列表好好的,但换成详细查询的时候,字段收不到了,找了半天原来是字段变了,又是一场撕逼

mybatis我不知道有没有办法解决,但mybatis-plus人家很用心呀,一个配置就解决了这个问题

创建 MybatisPlusConfig.java
配置类,添加上下面配置即可实现 map转驼峰
和分页功能,分页功能下面再介绍,这里就先配置上

@Configuration
@MapperScan("com.example.mybatisplusdemo..mapper")
public class MybatisPlusConfig {

  @Bean("mybatisSqlSession")
  public SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory(@Qualifier("dataSource") DataSource dataSource) throws Exception {
    MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean sqlSessionFactory = new MybatisSqlSessionFactoryBean();
    MybatisConfiguration configuration = new MybatisConfiguration();
    configuration.setDefaultScriptingLanguage(MybatisXMLLanguageDriver.class);
    configuration.setJdbcTypeForNull(JdbcType.NULL);
    //*注册Map 下划线转驼峰*
   configuration.setObjectWrapperFactory(new MybatisMapWrapperFactory());

    // 添加数据源
    sqlSessionFactory.setDataSource(dataSource);

    sqlSessionFactory.setConfiguration(configuration);

    // 添加分页插件,这里有个坑
    PaginationInterceptor paginationInterceptor = new PaginationInterceptor();
    sqlSessionFactory.setPlugins(new Interceptor[]{paginationInterceptor});

    return sqlSessionFactory.getObject();
  }
}

加上这个配置类后,Mapper扫描注解顺便也从启动类上移到这个类上配置,然后再次启动项目,测试

curl http://localhost:8080/selectTitleList

[{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":1,"title":"title1"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":2,"title":"title2"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":3,"title":"title3"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":4,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":5,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":6,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":7,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":8,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":9,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":10,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":11,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":12,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":13,"title":"title4"}]

再看看结果, in_time
已经从下划线转成驼峰 inTime
命名了,可喜可贺可喜可贺

BaseMapper分页

分页分两种,一种是BaseMapper接口内置的分页接口,直接调用即可,使用如下

文接原链: https://tomoya92.github.io/2019/04/15/spring-boot-mybatis-plus-tutorial/

在service里直接调用方法

public IPage<Topic> selectWithPage(Integer pageNo, Integer pageSize) {
  QueryWrapper<Topic> wrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
  IPage<Topic> iPage = new Page<>(pageNo, pageSize);
  return topicMapper.selectPage(iPage, wrapper);
}

测试 curl http://localhost:8080/selectWithPage?pageNo=1&pageSize=5

{"records":[{"id":1,"title":"title1","content":"content1","tag":"tag1","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":2,"title":"title2","content":"content2","tag":"tag2","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":3,"title":"title3","content":"content3","tag":"tag3","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":4,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"},
{"id":5,"title":"title4","content":"content4","tag":"tag4","inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000"}],
"total":13,"size":5,"current":1,"searchCount":true,"pages":3}

自定义查询分页

上面说到了使用自定义查询时可以指定查询字段,然后返回map即可,那分页怎么办?

mybatis-plus里有一个 IPage
接口,通过这个接口来封装分页信息,用法如下

在xml里定义查询方法

<select id="selectMapWithPage" resultType="map">
  select id, title, in_time from topic
</select>

BaseMapper.java
里定义接口

public interface TopicMapper extends BaseMapper<Topic> {
  IPage<Map> selectMapWithPage(IPage iPage);
}

TopicService.java
里封装 IPage 对象然后调用接口

public IPage<Map> selectMapWithPage(Integer pageNo, Integer pageSize) {
  IPage<Map> iPage = new Page<>(pageNo, pageSize);
  iPage = topicMapper.selectMapWithPage(iPage);
  return iPage;
}

测试 curl http://localhost:8080/selectMapWithPage?pageNo=1&pageSize=5

{"records":[{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":1,"title":"title1"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":2,"title":"title2"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":3,"title":"title3"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":4,"title":"title4"},
{"inTime":"2019-04-15T14:33:35.000+0000","id":5,"title":"title4"}],
"total":13,"size":5,"current":1,"searchCount":true,"pages":3}

注意

  1. 在xml文件里写的sql语句不要在最后带上 ;
    ,因为有些分页查询会自动拼上 limit 0, 10;
    这样的sql语句,如果你在定义sql的时候已经加上了 ;
    ,调用这个查询的时候就会报错了
  2. 往xml文件里的查询方法里传参数要带上 @Param("")
    注解,这样mybatis才认,否则会报错
  3. 分页中传的pageNo可以从0或者1开始,查询出的结果是一样的,这一点不像jpa里必须是从0开始才是第一页

参考

  • https://mp.baomidou.com/

  • https://github.com/tomoya92/pybbs

写博客不易,转载请保留原文链接,谢谢!

原文链接:

原文 

https://tomoya92.github.io/2019/04/15/spring-boot-mybatis-plus-tutorial/

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