原创

SpringBoot集成Minio快速入门demo

一.minio介绍

MinIO 是一个基于 Apache License v2.0 开源协议的对象存储服务。它兼容亚马逊 S3 云存储服务接口,非常适合于存储大容量非结构化的数据,例如图片、视频、日志文件、备份数据和容器/虚拟机镜像等,而一个对象文件可以是任意大小,从几 kb 到最大 5T 不等。

二.minio环境搭建

这里采用docker-compose搭建
# 可参考 https://docs.min.io/docs/minio-docker-quickstart-guide.html
version: '3'
services:
  minio:
    image: minio/minio:latest                                    # 原镜像`minio/minio:latest`
    container_name: minio                                        # 容器名为'minio'
    restart: unless-stopped                                              # 指定容器退出后的重启策略为始终重启,但是不考虑在Docker守护进程启动时就已经停止了的容器
    volumes:                                                     # 数据卷挂载路径设置,将本机目录映射到容器目录
      - "./minio/data:/data"
      - "./minio/minio:/minio"
      - "./minio/config:/root/.minio"
    environment:                                      # 设置环境变量,相当于docker run命令中的-e
      TZ: Asia/Shanghai
      LANG: en_US.UTF-8
      MINIO_PROMETHEUS_AUTH_TYPE: "public"
      MINIO_ACCESS_KEY: "root"                        # 登录账号
      MINIO_SECRET_KEY: "password"                    # 登录密码
    command: server /data  --console-address ":9001"
    logging:
      driver: "json-file"
      options:
        max-size: "100m"
    ports:                              # 映射端口
      - "9000:9000" # 文件上传&预览端口
      - "9001:9001" # 控制台访问端口
启动服务
docker-compose -f docker-compose-minio.yml -p minio up -d
访问地址:ip地址:9001/minio 登录账号密码:root/password 7065793647672

三.springboot-minio代码工程

pom.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>springboot-demo</artifactId>
        <groupId>com.et</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>minio</artifactId>

    <properties>
        <maven.compiler.source>8</maven.compiler.source>
        <maven.compiler.target>8</maven.compiler.target>
    </properties>
    <dependencies>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-autoconfigure</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <version>1.18.20</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.minio</groupId>
            <artifactId>minio</artifactId>
            <version>8.2.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-lang3</artifactId>
            <version>3.11</version>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>
</project>
MinioConfig.java
package com.et.minio.config;

import io.minio.MinioClient;
import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Data
@Configuration
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "minio")
public class MinioConfig {

    private String endpoint;
    private String accessKey;
    private String secretKey;
    private String bucketName;

    @Bean
    public MinioClient minioClient() {
        return MinioClient.builder()
                .endpoint(endpoint)
                .credentials(accessKey, secretKey)
                .build();
    }
}
OSSController.java
package com.et.minio.controller;

import com.et.minio.config.MinioConfig;
import com.et.minio.util.MinioUtils;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.apache.tomcat.util.http.fileupload.IOUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.InputStream;

@Slf4j
@RestController
@RequestMapping("/oss")
public class OSSController {

    @Autowired
    private MinioUtils minioUtils;
    
    @Autowired
    private MinioConfig minioConfig;
    
    /**
     * 文件上传
     *
     * @param file
     */
    @PostMapping("/upload")
    public String upload(@RequestParam("file") MultipartFile file) {
        try {
            //文件名
            String fileName = file.getOriginalFilename();
            String newFileName = System.currentTimeMillis() + "." + StringUtils.substringAfterLast(fileName, ".");
            //类型
            String contentType = file.getContentType();
            minioUtils.uploadFile(minioConfig.getBucketName(), file, newFileName, contentType);
            return "上传成功";
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            log.error("上传失败");
            return "上传失败";
        }
    }

    /**
     * 删除
     *
     * @param fileName
     */
    @DeleteMapping("/")
    public void delete(@RequestParam("fileName") String fileName) {
        minioUtils.removeFile(minioConfig.getBucketName(), fileName);
    }

    /**
     * 获取文件信息
     *
     * @param fileName
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("/info")
    public String getFileStatusInfo(@RequestParam("fileName") String fileName) {
        return minioUtils.getFileStatusInfo(minioConfig.getBucketName(), fileName);
    }

    /**
     * 获取文件外链
     *
     * @param fileName
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("/url")
    public String getPresignedObjectUrl(@RequestParam("fileName") String fileName) {
        return minioUtils.getPresignedObjectUrl(minioConfig.getBucketName(), fileName);
    }

    /**
     * 文件下载
     *
     * @param fileName
     * @param response
     */
    @GetMapping("/download")
    public void download(@RequestParam("fileName") String fileName, HttpServletResponse response) {
        try {
            InputStream fileInputStream = minioUtils.getObject(minioConfig.getBucketName(), fileName);
            response.setHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename=" + fileName);
            response.setContentType("application/force-download");
            response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
            IOUtils.copy(fileInputStream, response.getOutputStream());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("下载失败");
        }
    }

}
MinioUtil.java
package com.et.minio.util;

import io.minio.*;
import io.minio.http.Method;
import io.minio.messages.Bucket;
import io.minio.messages.DeleteObject;
import io.minio.messages.Item;
import lombok.RequiredArgsConstructor;
import lombok.SneakyThrows;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;
import sun.misc.BASE64Decoder;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLDecoder;
import java.util.*;

/**
 * MinIO工具类
 *
 */
@Slf4j
@Component
@RequiredArgsConstructor
public class MinioUtils {

    private final MinioClient minioClient;

    /******************************  Operate Bucket Start  ******************************/

    /**
     * 启动SpringBoot容器的时候初始化Bucket
     * 如果没有Bucket则创建
     *
     * @param bucketName
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    private void createBucket(String bucketName) {
        if (!bucketExists(bucketName)) {
            minioClient.makeBucket(MakeBucketArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).build());
        }
    }

    /**
     * 判断Bucket是否存在,true:存在,false:不存在
     *
     * @param bucketName
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public boolean bucketExists(String bucketName) {
        return minioClient.bucketExists(BucketExistsArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).build());
    }

    /**
     * 获得Bucket的策略
     *
     * @param bucketName
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public String getBucketPolicy(String bucketName) {
        return minioClient.getBucketPolicy(GetBucketPolicyArgs
                .builder()
                .bucket(bucketName)
                .build());
    }

    /**
     * 获得所有Bucket列表
     *
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public List<Bucket> getAllBuckets() {
        return minioClient.listBuckets();
    }

    /**
     * 根据bucketName获取其相关信息
     *
     * @param bucketName
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public Optional<Bucket> getBucket(String bucketName) {
        return getAllBuckets().stream().filter(b -> b.name().equals(bucketName)).findFirst();
    }

    /**
     * 根据bucketName删除Bucket,true:删除成功; false:删除失败,文件或已不存在
     *
     * @param bucketName
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public void removeBucket(String bucketName) {
        minioClient.removeBucket(RemoveBucketArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).build());
    }

    /******************************  Operate Bucket End  ******************************/


    /******************************  Operate Files Start  ******************************/

    /**
     * 判断文件是否存在
     *
     * @param bucketName
     * @param objectName
     * @return
     */
    public boolean isObjectExist(String bucketName, String objectName) {
        boolean exist = true;
        try {
            minioClient.statObject(StatObjectArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).build());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("[Minio工具类]>>>> 判断文件是否存在, 异常:", e);
            exist = false;
        }
        return exist;
    }

    /**
     * 判断文件夹是否存在
     *
     * @param bucketName
     * @param objectName
     * @return
     */
    public boolean isFolderExist(String bucketName, String objectName) {
        boolean exist = false;
        try {
            Iterable<Result<Item>> results = minioClient.listObjects(
                    ListObjectsArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).prefix(objectName).recursive(false).build());
            for (Result<Item> result : results) {
                Item item = result.get();
                if (item.isDir() && objectName.equals(item.objectName())) {
                    exist = true;
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("[Minio工具类]>>>> 判断文件夹是否存在,异常:", e);
            exist = false;
        }
        return exist;
    }

    /**
     * 根据文件前置查询文件
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param prefix     前缀
     * @param recursive  是否使用递归查询
     * @return MinioItem 列表
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public List<Item> getAllObjectsByPrefix(String bucketName,
                                            String prefix,
                                            boolean recursive) {
        List<Item> list = new ArrayList<>();
        Iterable<Result<Item>> objectsIterator = minioClient.listObjects(
                ListObjectsArgs.builder().bucket(bucketName).prefix(prefix).recursive(recursive).build());
        if (objectsIterator != null) {
            for (Result<Item> o : objectsIterator) {
                Item item = o.get();
                list.add(item);
            }
        }
        return list;
    }

    /**
     * 获取文件流
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param objectName 文件名
     * @return 二进制流
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public InputStream getObject(String bucketName, String objectName) {
        return minioClient.getObject(
                GetObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 断点下载
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param objectName 文件名称
     * @param offset     起始字节的位置
     * @param length     要读取的长度
     * @return 二进制流
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public InputStream getObject(String bucketName, String objectName, long offset, long length) {
        return minioClient.getObject(
                GetObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .offset(offset)
                        .length(length)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 获取路径下文件列表
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param prefix     文件名称
     * @param recursive  是否递归查找,false:模拟文件夹结构查找
     * @return 二进制流
     */
    public Iterable<Result<Item>> listObjects(String bucketName, String prefix, boolean recursive) {
        return minioClient.listObjects(
                ListObjectsArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .prefix(prefix)
                        .recursive(recursive)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 使用MultipartFile进行文件上传
     *
     * @param bucketName  存储桶
     * @param file        文件名
     * @param objectName  对象名
     * @param contentType 类型
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public ObjectWriteResponse uploadFile(String bucketName, MultipartFile file, String objectName, String contentType) {
        InputStream inputStream = file.getInputStream();
        return minioClient.putObject(
                PutObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .contentType(contentType)
                        .stream(inputStream, inputStream.available(), -1)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 图片上传
     * @param bucketName
     * @param imageBase64
     * @param imageName
     * @return
     */
    public ObjectWriteResponse uploadImage(String bucketName, String imageBase64, String imageName) {
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(imageBase64)) {
            InputStream in = base64ToInputStream(imageBase64);
            String newName = System.currentTimeMillis() + "_" + imageName + ".jpg";
            String year = String.valueOf(new Date().getYear());
            String month = String.valueOf(new Date().getMonth());
            return uploadFile(bucketName, year + "/" + month + "/" + newName, in);

        }
        return null;
    }

    public static InputStream base64ToInputStream(String base64) {
        ByteArrayInputStream stream = null;
        try {
            byte[] bytes = new BASE64Decoder().decodeBuffer(base64.trim());
            stream = new ByteArrayInputStream(bytes);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return stream;
    }


    /**
     * 上传本地文件
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param objectName 对象名称
     * @param fileName   本地文件路径
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public ObjectWriteResponse uploadFile(String bucketName, String objectName, String fileName) {
        return minioClient.uploadObject(
                UploadObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .filename(fileName)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 通过流上传文件
     *
     * @param bucketName  存储桶
     * @param objectName  文件对象
     * @param inputStream 文件流
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public ObjectWriteResponse uploadFile(String bucketName, String objectName, InputStream inputStream) {
        return minioClient.putObject(
                PutObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .stream(inputStream, inputStream.available(), -1)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 创建文件夹或目录
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param objectName 目录路径
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public ObjectWriteResponse createDir(String bucketName, String objectName) {
        return minioClient.putObject(
                PutObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .stream(new ByteArrayInputStream(new byte[]{}), 0, -1)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 获取文件信息, 如果抛出异常则说明文件不存在
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param objectName 文件名称
     * @return
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public String getFileStatusInfo(String bucketName, String objectName) {
        return minioClient.statObject(
                StatObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .build()).toString();
    }

    /**
     * 拷贝文件
     *
     * @param bucketName    存储桶
     * @param objectName    文件名
     * @param srcBucketName 目标存储桶
     * @param srcObjectName 目标文件名
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public ObjectWriteResponse copyFile(String bucketName, String objectName, String srcBucketName, String srcObjectName) {
        return minioClient.copyObject(
                CopyObjectArgs.builder()
                        .source(CopySource.builder().bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).build())
                        .bucket(srcBucketName)
                        .object(srcObjectName)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 删除文件
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param objectName 文件名称
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public void removeFile(String bucketName, String objectName) {
        minioClient.removeObject(
                RemoveObjectArgs.builder()
                        .bucket(bucketName)
                        .object(objectName)
                        .build());
    }

    /**
     * 批量删除文件
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param keys       需要删除的文件列表
     * @return
     */
    public void removeFiles(String bucketName, List<String> keys) {
        List<DeleteObject> objects = new LinkedList<>();
        keys.forEach(s -> {
            objects.add(new DeleteObject(s));
            try {
                removeFile(bucketName, s);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error("[Minio工具类]>>>> 批量删除文件,异常:", e);
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * 获取文件外链
     *
     * @param bucketName 存储桶
     * @param objectName 文件名
     * @param expires    过期时间 <=7 秒 (外链有效时间(单位:秒))
     * @return url
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public String getPresignedObjectUrl(String bucketName, String objectName, Integer expires) {
        GetPresignedObjectUrlArgs args = GetPresignedObjectUrlArgs.builder().expiry(expires).bucket(bucketName).object(objectName).build();
        return minioClient.getPresignedObjectUrl(args);
    }

    /**
     * 获得文件外链
     *
     * @param bucketName
     * @param objectName
     * @return url
     */
    @SneakyThrows(Exception.class)
    public String getPresignedObjectUrl(String bucketName, String objectName) {
        GetPresignedObjectUrlArgs args = GetPresignedObjectUrlArgs.builder()
                .bucket(bucketName)
                .object(objectName)
                .method(Method.GET).build();
        return minioClient.getPresignedObjectUrl(args);
    }

    /**
     * 将URLDecoder编码转成UTF8
     *
     * @param str
     * @return
     * @throws UnsupportedEncodingException
     */
    public String getUtf8ByURLDecoder(String str) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
        String url = str.replaceAll("%(?![0-9a-fA-F]{2})", "%25");
        return URLDecoder.decode(url, "UTF-8");
    }
}

代码仓库

四.测试

我们使用postman来测试一下上传接口 65797266034 测试成功了,我们也可以在登录minio后台,查看我们刚刚上传的文件。 065798487372

五.参考

       
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