Spring源码剖析2:Spring IOC容器的加载过程

本系列文章首发于我的个人博客https://h2pl.github.io/

欢迎阅览我的CSDN专栏:Spring源码解析 https://blog.csdn.net/column/details/21851.html

部分代码会放在我的的Github: https://github.com/h2pl/

://github.com/h2pl/

一:spring ioc 容器的加载流程

1.目标:熟练使用spring,并分析其源码,了解其中的思想。这篇主要介绍spring ioc 容器的加载

2.前提条件:会使用debug

3.源码分析方法:Intellj idea debug 模式下源码追溯

通过ClassPathXmlApplicationContext 进行xml 件的读取,从每个堆栈中读取程序的运行信息

4.注意:由于Spring的类继承体系比较复杂,不能全部贴图,所以只将分析源码之后发现的最主要的类继承结构类图贴在下方。

5.关于Spring Ioc

Demo:

我们从demo入手一步步进行代码追溯。

1.Spring Ioc Demo

1.定义数据访问接口IUserDao.java

public interface IUserDao {  
    public void InsertUser(String username,String password);
}

2.定义IUserDao.java实现类IUserDaoImpl.java

public class UserDaoImpl implements IUserDao {    
    @Override    
    public void InsertUser(String username, String password) { 
        System.out.println("----UserDaoImpl --addUser----");    
    }
}

3.定义业务逻辑接口UserService.java

public interface UserService {    
    public void addUser(String username,String password);
}

4.定义UserService.java实现类UserServiceImpl.java

public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {    
    private     IUserDao  userDao;    //set方法  
    public void  setUserDao(IUserDao  userDao) {        
        this.userDao = userDao;   
    }    
    @Override    
    public void addUser(String username,String password) { 
        userDao.InsertUser(username,password);    
    }
}

bean.xml配置文件

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"    
   xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans  
http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd         ">  
 <!--id名字自己取,class表示他代表的类,如果在包里的话需要加上包名-->    
 <bean id="userService"  class="UserServiceImpl" >      
        <!--property代表是通过set方法注入,ref的值表示注入的内容-->
        <property  name="userDao"  ref="userDao"/>  
 </bean>    
  <bean id="userDao"  class="UserDaoImpl"/>
</beans>

2.ApplicationContext 继承结构:

1.顶层接口:ApplicationContext

2.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext实现类继承AbstractXmlApplication 抽象类

3.AbstractXmlApplication 继承AbstractRefreshableConfigApplicationContext

4.AbstractRefreshableConfigApplicationContext抽象类继承AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext

5.AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext 继承 AbstractApplicationContext

6.AbstractApplicationContext 实现ConfigurableApplicationContext 接口

7.ConfigurableApplicationContext 接口继承

ApplicationContext接口

总体来说继承实现结构较深,内部使用了大量适配器模式。

以ClassPathXmlApplicationContext为例,继承类图如下图所示:

Spring源码剖析2:Spring IOC容器的加载过程

3.Spring Ioc容器加载过程源码详解

在开始之前,先介绍一个整体的概念。即spring ioc容器的加载,大体上经过以下几个过程:

资源文件定位、解析、注册、实例

1.资源文件定位

其中资源文件定位,一般是在ApplicationContext的实现类里完成的,因为ApplicationContext接口继承ResourcePatternResolver 接口,ResourcePatternResolver接口继承ResourceLoader接口,ResourceLoader其中的getResource()方法,可以将外部的资源,读取为Resource类。

2.解析DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader,

解析主要是在BeanDefinitionReader中完成的,最常用的实现类是XmlBeanDefinitionReader,其中的loadBeanDefinitions()方法,负责读取Resource,并完成后续的步骤。ApplicationContext完成资源文件定位之后,是将解析工作委托给XmlBeanDefinitionReader来完成的

解析这里涉及到很多步骤,最常见的情况,资源文件来自一个XML配置文件。首先是BeanDefinitionReader,将XML文件读取成w3c的Document文档。

DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader对Document进行进一步解析。然后DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader又委托给BeanDefinitionParserDelegate进行解析。如果是标准的xml namespace元素,会在Delegate内部完成解析,如果是非标准的xml namespace元素,则会委托合适的NamespaceHandler进行解析最终解析的结果都封装为BeanDefinitionHolder,至此解析就算完成。

后续会进行细致讲解。

3.注册

然后bean的注册是在BeanFactory里完成的,BeanFactory接口最常见的一个实现类是DefaultListableBeanFactory,它实现了BeanDefinitionRegistry接口,所以其中的registerBeanDefinition()方法,可以对BeanDefinition进行注册这里附带一提,最常见的XmlWebApplicationContext不是自己持有BeanDefinition的,它继承自AbstractRefreshableApplicationContext,其持有一个DefaultListableBeanFactory的字段,就是用它来保存BeanDefinition

所谓的注册,其实就是将BeanDefinition的name和实例,保存到一个Map中。刚才说到,最常用的实现DefaultListableBeanFactory,其中的字段就是beanDefinitionMap,是一个ConcurrentHashMap

代码如下:

>1.DefaultListableBeanFactory继承实现关系

public class DefaultListableBeanFactory
extends 
AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory   
implements
ConfigurableListableBeanFactory, 
BeanDefinitionRegistry,
Serializable { 
     // DefaultListableBeanFactory的实例中最终保存了所有注册的bean    beanDefinitionMap
     /** Map of bean definition objects, keyed by bean name */
     private final Map<String, BeanDefinition> beanDefinitionMap 
     = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, BeanDefinition>(64); 
     //实现BeanDefinitionRegistry中定义的registerBeanDefinition()抽象方法
     public void registerBeanDefinition(String beanName, BeanDefinition    beanDefinition)      throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
     }

>2.BeanDefinitionRegistry接口

public interface BeanDefinitionRegistry extends AliasRegistry {   
    //定义注册BeanDefinition实例的抽象方法
    void registerBeanDefinition(String beanName, BeanDefinition beanDefinition)         throws BeanDefinitionStoreException;

4.实例化

注册也完成之后,在BeanFactory的getBean()方法之中,会完成初始化,也就是依赖注入的过程

大体上的流程就是这样。

二:refresh()方法

1.目标:

这篇记录debug 追溯源码的过程,大概分三个篇幅,这是第一篇,现整体了解一下运行流程,定位资源加载,资源解析,bean 注册发生的位置。

2. 记录结构:

1.调试栈截图

2.整体流程

3.bean.xml的处理

每段代码下面有相应的讲解

1.调试栈截图

Spring源码剖析2:Spring IOC容器的加载过程

每个栈帧中方法的行号都有标明,按照行号追溯源码,然后配合教程能够快速学习。

2.整体流程

ioc容器实例化代码

ApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("bean.xml");

进入代码中一步步追溯,发现重要方法:refresh();

如下所示:

public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {

        synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
            // Prepare this context for refreshing.
            prepareRefresh();
            //beanFactory实例化方法 单步调试入口
            // Tell the subclass to refresh the internal bean factory.
            ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

            // Prepare the bean factory for use in this context.
            prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

            try {
                // Allows post-processing of the bean factory in context subclasses.
                postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

                // Invoke factory processors registered as beans in the context.
                invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // Register bean processors that intercept bean creation.
                registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

                // Initialize message source for this context.
                initMessageSource();

                // Initialize event multicaster for this context.
                initApplicationEventMulticaster();

                // Initialize other special beans in specific context subclasses.
                onRefresh();

                // Check for listener beans and register them.
                registerListeners();

                // Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
                finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

                // Last step: publish corresponding event.
                finishRefresh();
            }

            catch (BeansException ex) {
                // Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
                destroyBeans();

                // Reset 'active' flag.
                cancelRefresh(ex);

                // Propagate exception to caller.
                throw ex;
            }
        }
    }

首先这个方法是同步的,以避免重复刷新。然后刷新的每个步骤,都放在单独的方法里,比较清晰,可以按顺序一个个看

首先是prepareRefresh()方法

protected void prepareRefresh() {
        this.startupDate = System.currentTimeMillis();

        synchronized (this.activeMonitor) {
            this.active = true;
        }

        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
            logger.info("Refreshing " + this);
        }

        // Initialize any placeholder property sources in the context environment
        initPropertySources();

        // Validate that all properties marked as required are resolvable
        // see ConfigurablePropertyResolver#setRequiredProperties
        this.environment.validateRequiredProperties();
    }

这个方法里做的事情不多,记录了开始时间,输出日志,另外initPropertySources()方法和validateRequiredProperties()方法一般都没有做什么事。

然后是核心的obtainFreshBeanFactory()方法,这个方法是初始化BeanFactory,是整个refresh()方法的核心,其中完成了配置文件的加载、解析、注册,后面会专门详细说 。

这里要说明一下,ApplicationContext实现了BeanFactory接口,并实现了ResourceLoader、MessageSource等接口,可以认为是增强的BeanFactory。但是ApplicationContext并不自己重复实现BeanFactory定义的方法,而是委托给DefaultListableBeanFactory来实现。这种设计思路也是值得学习的。

后面的 prepareBeanFactory()、postProcessBeanFactory()、invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors()、registerBeanPostProcessors()、initMessageSource()、initApplicationEventMulticaster()、onRefresh()、registerListeners()、finishBeanFactoryInitialization()、finishRefresh()等方法,是添加一些后处理器、广播、拦截器等,就不一个个细说了

其中的关键方法是finishBeanFactoryInitialization(),在这个方法中,会对刚才注册的Bean(不延迟加载的),进行实例化,所以也是一个核心方法。

3.bean.xml的处理

从整体上介绍完了流程,接下来就重点看obtainFreshBeanFactory()方法,上文说到,在这个方法里,完成了配置文件的加载、解析、注册

protected ConfigurableListableBeanFactory obtainFreshBeanFactory() {
        refreshBeanFactory();
        ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = getBeanFactory();
        if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
            logger.debug("Bean factory for " + getDisplayName() + ": " + beanFactory);
        }
        return beanFactory;
    }

这个方法做了2件事,首先通过refreshBeanFactory()方法,创建了DefaultListableBeanFactory的实例,并进行初始化。

protected final void refreshBeanFactory() throws BeansException {
        if (hasBeanFactory()) {
            destroyBeans();
            closeBeanFactory();
        }
        try {
            DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory = createBeanFactory();
            beanFactory.setSerializationId(getId());
            customizeBeanFactory(beanFactory);
            loadBeanDefinitions(beanFactory);
            synchronized (this.beanFactoryMonitor) {
                this.beanFactory = beanFactory;
            }
        }
        catch (IOException ex) {
            throw new ApplicationContextException("I/O error parsing bean definition source for " + getDisplayName(), ex);
        }
    }

首先如果已经有BeanFactory实例,就先清空。然后通过createBeanFactory()方法,创建一个DefaultListableBeanFactory的实例

protected DefaultListableBeanFactory createBeanFactory() {
        return new DefaultListableBeanFactory(getInternalParentBeanFactory());
    }

接下来设置ID唯一标识

beanFactory.setSerializationId(getId());

然后允许用户进行一些自定义的配置

protected void customizeBeanFactory(DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
        if (this.allowBeanDefinitionOverriding != null) {
            beanFactory.setAllowBeanDefinitionOverriding(this.allowBeanDefinitionOverriding);
        }
        if (this.allowCircularReferences != null) {
            beanFactory.setAllowCircularReferences(this.allowCircularReferences);
        }
        beanFactory.setAutowireCandidateResolver(new QualifierAnnotationAutowireCandidateResolver());
    }

最后,就是核心的loadBeanDefinitions()方法

protected void loadBeanDefinitions(DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException, IOException {
        // Create a new XmlBeanDefinitionReader for the given BeanFactory.
        XmlBeanDefinitionReader beanDefinitionReader = new XmlBeanDefinitionReader(beanFactory);

        // Configure the bean definition reader with this context's
        // resource loading environment.
        beanDefinitionReader.setEnvironment(this.getEnvironment());
        beanDefinitionReader.setResourceLoader(this);
        beanDefinitionReader.setEntityResolver(new ResourceEntityResolver(this));

        // Allow a subclass to provide custom initialization of the reader,
        // then proceed with actually loading the bean definitions.
        initBeanDefinitionReader(beanDefinitionReader);
        loadBeanDefinitions(beanDefinitionReader);
    }

这里首先会创建一个XmlBeanDefinitionReader的实例,然后进行初始化。这个XmlBeanDefinitionReader中其实传递的BeanDefinitionRegistry类型的实例,为什么可以传递一个beanFactory呢,因为DefaultListableBeanFactory实现了BeanDefinitionRegistry接口,这里是多态的使用。

protected void loadBeanDefinitions(DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException, IOException {
        // Create a new XmlBeanDefinitionReader for the given BeanFactory.
        XmlBeanDefinitionReader beanDefinitionReader = new XmlBeanDefinitionReader(beanFactory);

        // Configure the bean definition reader with this context's
        // resource loading environment.
        beanDefinitionReader.setEnvironment(this.getEnvironment());
        beanDefinitionReader.setResourceLoader(this);
        beanDefinitionReader.setEntityResolver(new ResourceEntityResolver(this));

        // Allow a subclass to provide custom initialization of the reader,
        // then proceed with actually loading the bean definitions.
        initBeanDefinitionReader(beanDefinitionReader);
}

这里要说明一下,ApplicationContext并不自己负责配置文件的加载、解析、注册,而是将这些工作委托给XmlBeanDefinitionReader来做。

loadBeanDefinitions(beanDefinitionReader);

这行代码,就是Bean定义读取实际发生的地方。这里的工作,主要是XmlBeanDefinitionReader来完成的,下一篇博客会详细介绍这个过程。

三:loadBeanDefinitions

loadBeanDefinitions: 源码阅读

入口是loadBeanDefinitions方法

protected void loadBeanDefinitions(XmlBeanDefinitionReader reader) 
throws IOException {
        String[] configLocations = getConfigLocations();
        if (configLocations != null) {
            for (String configLocation : configLocations) {
                reader.loadBeanDefinitions(configLocation);
            }
        }
}

这是解析过程最外围的代码,首先要获取到配置文件的路径,这在之前已经完成了。

然后将每个配置文件的路径,作为参数传给BeanDefinitionReader的loadBeanDefinitions方法里

public int loadBeanDefinitions(String location) throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        return loadBeanDefinitions(location, null);
}

这个方法又调用了重载方法

public int loadBeanDefinitions(String location, Set<Resource> actualResources) 
throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        ResourceLoader resourceLoader = getResourceLoader();
        if (resourceLoader == null) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                    "Cannot import bean definitions from location [" + location + "]: no ResourceLoader available");
        }

        if (resourceLoader instanceof ResourcePatternResolver) {
            // Resource pattern matching available.
            try {
                Resource[] resources = ((ResourcePatternResolver) resourceLoader).getResources(location);
                int loadCount = loadBeanDefinitions(resources);
                if (actualResources != null) {
                    for (Resource resource : resources) {
                        actualResources.add(resource);
                    }
                }
                if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                    logger.debug("Loaded " + loadCount + " bean definitions from location pattern [" + location + "]");
                }
                return loadCount;
            }
            catch (IOException ex) {
                throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                        "Could not resolve bean definition resource pattern [" + location + "]", ex);
            }
        }
        else {
            // Can only load single resources by absolute URL.
            Resource resource = resourceLoader.getResource(location);
            int loadCount = loadBeanDefinitions(resource);
            if (actualResources != null) {
                actualResources.add(resource);
            }
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("Loaded " + loadCount + " bean definitions from location [" + location + "]");
            }
            return loadCount;
        }
    }

首先getResourceLoader()的实现的前提条件是因为XmlBeanDefinitionReader在实例化的时候已经确定了创建了实例ResourceLoader实例, 代码位于 AbstractBeanDefinitionReader

protected AbstractBeanDefinitionReader(BeanDefinitionRegistry registry) {   
     Assert.notNull(registry, "BeanDefinitionRegistry must not be null"); 
     this.registry = registry;   
     // Determine ResourceLoader to use.  
     if (this.registry instanceof ResourceLoader) {     
         this.resourceLoader = (ResourceLoader) this.registry;   
      }  else {      
         this.resourceLoader = new PathMatchingResourcePatternResolver();  
      }   
     // Inherit Environment if possible   
     if (this.registry instanceof EnvironmentCapable) {      
          this.environment = ((EnvironmentCapable)this.registry).getEnvironment();  
      }  else {      
          this.environment = new StandardEnvironment(); 
      }
}

这个方法比较长,BeanDefinitionReader不能直接加载配置文件,需要把配置文件封装成Resource,然后才能调用重载方法loadBeanDefinitions()。所以这个方法其实就是2段,第一部分是委托ResourceLoader将配置文件封装成Resource,第二部分是调用loadBeanDefinitions(),对Resource进行解析

而这里的ResourceLoader,就是前面的XmlWebApplicationContext,因为ApplicationContext接口,是继承自ResourceLoader接口的

Resource也是一个接口体系,在web环境下,这里就是ServletContextResource

接下来进入重载方法loadBeanDefinitions()

public int loadBeanDefinitions(Resource... resources) throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        Assert.notNull(resources, "Resource array must not be null");
        int counter = 0;
        for (Resource resource : resources) {
            counter += loadBeanDefinitions(resource);
        }
        return counter;
    }

这里就不用说了,就是把每一个Resource作为参数,继续调用重载方法。读spring源码,会发现重载方法特别多。

public int loadBeanDefinitions(Resource resource)  throws
 BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        return loadBeanDefinitions(new EncodedResource(resource));
}

还是重载方法,不过这里对传进来的Resource又进行了一次封装,变成了编码后的Resource。

public int loadBeanDefinitions(EncodedResource encodedResource) 
throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        Assert.notNull(encodedResource, "EncodedResource must not be null");
        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
            logger.info("Loading XML bean definitions from " + encodedResource.getResource());
        }

        Set<EncodedResource> currentResources = this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.get();
        if (currentResources == null) {
            currentResources = new HashSet<EncodedResource>(4);
            this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.set(currentResources);
        }
        if (!currentResources.add(encodedResource)) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                    "Detected cyclic loading of " + encodedResource + " - check your import definitions!");
        }
        try {
            InputStream inputStream = encodedResource.getResource().getInputStream();
            try {
                InputSource inputSource = new InputSource(inputStream);
                if (encodedResource.getEncoding() != null) {
                    inputSource.setEncoding(encodedResource.getEncoding());
                }
                return doLoadBeanDefinitions(inputSource, encodedResource.getResource());
            }
            finally {
                inputStream.close();
            }
        }
        catch (IOException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                    "IOException parsing XML document from " + encodedResource.getResource(), ex);
        }
        finally {
            currentResources.remove(encodedResource);
            if (currentResources.isEmpty()) {
                this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.remove();
            }
        }
    }

这个就是loadBeanDefinitions()的最后一个重载方法,比较长,可以拆看来看。

Assert.notNull(encodedResource, "EncodedResource must not be null");
        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
            logger.info("Loading XML bean definitions from " + encodedResource.getResource());
        }

        Set<EncodedResource> currentResources = this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.get();
        if (currentResources == null) {
            currentResources = new HashSet<EncodedResource>(4);
            this.resourcesCurrentlyBeingLoaded.set(currentResources);
        }
        if (!currentResources.add(encodedResource)) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(
                    "Detected cyclic loading of " + encodedResource + " - check your import definitions!");
        }

这第一部分,是处理线程相关的工作,把当前正在解析的Resource,设置为当前Resource。

try {
            InputStream inputStream = encodedResource.getResource().getInputStream();
            try {
                InputSource inputSource = new InputSource(inputStream);
                if (encodedResource.getEncoding() != null) {
                    inputSource.setEncoding(encodedResource.getEncoding());
                }
                return doLoadBeanDefinitions(inputSource, encodedResource.getResource());
            }
            finally {
                inputStream.close();
            }
        }

这里是第二部分,是核心,首先把Resource还原为InputStream,然后调用实际解析的方法doLoadBeanDefinitions()。 可以看到,这种命名方式是很值得学习的,一种业务方法,比如parse(),可能需要做一些外围的工作,然后实际解析的方法,可以命名为doParse()。这种doXXX()的命名方法,在很多开源框架中都有应用,比如logback等。

接下来就看一下这个doLoadBeanDefinitions()方法

protected int doLoadBeanDefinitions(InputSource inputSource, Resource resource)
            throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        try {
            Document doc = doLoadDocument(inputSource, resource);return registerBeanDefinitions(doc, resource);
            return registerBeanDefinitions(doc, resource);
        }
        catch (BeanDefinitionStoreException ex) {
            throw ex;
        }
        catch (SAXParseException ex) {
            throw new XmlBeanDefinitionStoreException(resource.getDescription(),
                    "Line " + ex.getLineNumber() + " in XML document from " + resource + " is invalid", ex);
        }
        catch (SAXException ex) {
            throw new XmlBeanDefinitionStoreException(resource.getDescription(),
                    "XML document from " + resource + " is invalid", ex);
        }
        catch (ParserConfigurationException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(resource.getDescription(),
                    "Parser configuration exception parsing XML from " + resource, ex);
        }
        catch (IOException ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(resource.getDescription(),
                    "IOException parsing XML document from " + resource, ex);
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(resource.getDescription(),
                    "Unexpected exception parsing XML document from " + resource, ex);
        }
    }

抛开异常处理:核心代码如下:

Document doc = doLoadDocument(inputSource, resource);
return  registerBeanDefinitions(doc, resource);

doLoadDocument方法将InputStream读取成标准的Document对象,然后调用registerBeanDefinitions(),进行解析工作。

protected Document doLoadDocument(InputSource inputSource, Resource resource) throws Exception {   
    return this.documentLoader.loadDocument(inputSource,  
                                            getEntityResolver(), this.errorHandler,  
                                            getValidationModeForResource(resource),  
                                            isNamespaceAware());
}

接下来就看一下这个核心方法registerBeanDefinitions

public int registerBeanDefinitions(Document doc, Resource resource) throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        //创建的其实是DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader 的实例,利用反射创建的。
        BeanDefinitionDocumentReader documentReader = createBeanDefinitionDocumentReader();
        documentReader.setEnvironment(this.getEnvironment());
        int countBefore = getRegistry().getBeanDefinitionCount();
        documentReader.registerBeanDefinitions(doc, createReaderContext(resource));
        return getRegistry().getBeanDefinitionCount() - countBefore;
}

这里注意两点 :

1.Document对象

首先这个Document对象,是W3C定义的标准XML对象,跟spring无关。其次这个registerBeanDefinitions方法,我觉得命名有点误导性。因为这个时候实际上解析还没有开始,怎么直接就注册了呢。比较好的命名,我觉得可以是parseAndRegisterBeanDefinitions()。

2.documentReader的创建时使用反射创建的,代码如下

protected BeanDefinitionDocumentReader    
 createBeanDefinitionDocumentReader() {   
          return BeanDefinitionDocumentReader.class.cast(BeanUtils.
            instantiateClass(this.documentReaderClass));
}

instantiateClass方法中传入了一个Class类型的参数。追溯发现下述代码:

private Class<?> documentReaderClass = 
DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader.class;

所以创建的documentReaderClass是DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader类的实例。

接下来就进入BeanDefinitionDocumentReader 中定义的registerBeanDefinitions()方法看看

public void registerBeanDefinitions(Document doc, XmlReaderContext readerContext) {
        this.readerContext = readerContext;
        logger.debug("Loading bean definitions");
        Element root = doc.getDocumentElement();
        doRegisterBeanDefinitions(root);
    }

处理完外围事务之后,进入doRegisterBeanDefinitions()方法,这种命名规范,上文已经介绍过了

protected void doRegisterBeanDefinitions(Element root) {
        String profileSpec = root.getAttribute(PROFILE_ATTRIBUTE);
        if (StringUtils.hasText(profileSpec)) {
            Assert.state(this.environment != null, "environment property must not be null");
            String[] specifiedProfiles = StringUtils.tokenizeToStringArray(profileSpec, BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.MULTI_VALUE_ATTRIBUTE_DELIMITERS);
            if (!this.environment.acceptsProfiles(specifiedProfiles)) {
                return;
            }
        }
        // any nested <beans> elements will cause recursion in this method. In
        // order to propagate and preserve <beans> default-* attributes correctly,
        // keep track of the current (parent) delegate, which may be null. Create
        // the new (child) delegate with a reference to the parent for fallback purposes,
        // then ultimately reset this.delegate back to its original (parent) reference.
        // this behavior emulates a stack of delegates without actually necessitating one.
        BeanDefinitionParserDelegate parent = this.delegate;
        this.delegate = createHelper(readerContext, root, parent);
        preProcessXml(root);
        parseBeanDefinitions(root, this.delegate);
        postProcessXml(root);
        this.delegate = parent;
}

这个方法也比较长,拆开来看

String profileSpec = root.getAttribute(PROFILE_ATTRIBUTE);
        if (StringUtils.hasText(profileSpec)) {
            Assert.state(this.environment != null, "environment property must not be null");
            String[] specifiedProfiles = StringUtils.tokenizeToStringArray(profileSpec, BeanDefinitionParserDelegate.MULTI_VALUE_ATTRIBUTE_DELIMITERS);
            if (!this.environment.acceptsProfiles(specifiedProfiles)) {
                return;
            }
}

如果配置文件中元素,配有profile属性,就会进入这一段,不过一般都是不会的

BeanDefinitionParserDelegate parent = this.delegate;
this.delegate = createHelper(readerContext, root, parent);
preProcessXml(root);
parseBeanDefinitions(root, this.delegate);
postProcessXml(root);
this.delegate = parent;

然后这里创建了BeanDefinitionParserDelegate对象,preProcessXml()和postProcessXml()都是空方法,核心就是parseBeanDefinitions()方法。这里又把BeanDefinition解析和注册的工作,委托给了BeanDefinitionParserDelegate对象,在parseBeanDefinitions()方法中完成

总的来说,解析工作的委托链是这样的:ClassPathXmlApplicationContext,XmlBeanDefinitionReader,DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader,BeanDefinitionParserDelegate

ClassPathXmlApplicationContext作为最外围的组件,发起解析的请求

XmlBeanDefinitionReader将配置文件路径封装为Resource,读取出w3c定义的Document对象,然后委托给DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader

DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader就开始做实际的解析工作了,但是涉及到bean的具体解析,它还是会继续委托给BeanDefinitionParserDelegate来做。

接下来在parseBeanDefinitions()方法中发生了什么,以及BeanDefinitionParserDelegate类完成的工作,在下一篇博客中继续介绍。

四:loadBeanDefinitions

BeanDefinition的解析,已经走到了DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentR

eader里,这时候配置文件已经被加载,并解析成w3c的Document对象。这篇博客就接着介绍,DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader和BeanDefinitionParserDelegate类,是怎么协同完成bean的解析和注册的。

BeanDefinitionParserDelegate parent = this.delegate;
this.delegate = createHelper(readerContext, root, parent);
preProcessXml(root);
parseBeanDefinitions(root, this.delegate);
postProcessXml(root);
this.delegate = parent;

这段代码,创建了一个BeanDefinitionParserDelegate组件,然后就是preProcessXml()、parseBeanDefinitions()、postProcessXml()方法

其中preProcessXml()和postProcessXml()默认是空方法,接下来就看下parseBeanDefinitions()方法

protected void parseBeanDefinitions(Element root, BeanDefinitionParserDelegate delegate) {
        if (delegate.isDefaultNamespace(root)) {
            NodeList nl = root.getChildNodes();
            for (int i = 0; i < nl.getLength(); i++) {
                Node node = nl.item(i);
                if (node instanceof Element) {
                    Element ele = (Element) node;
                    if (delegate.isDefaultNamespace(ele)) {
                        parseDefaultElement(ele, delegate);
                    }
                    else {
                        delegate.parseCustomElement(ele);
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        else {
            delegate.parseCustomElement(root);
        }
    }

从这个方法开始,BeanDefinitionParserDelegate就开始发挥作用了,判断当前解析元素是否属于默认的命名空间,如果是的话,就调用parseDefaultElement()方法,否则调用delegate上parseCustomElement()方法

public boolean isDefaultNamespace(String namespaceUri) {
        return (!StringUtils.hasLength(namespaceUri) || BEANS_NAMESPACE_URI.equals(namespaceUri));
    }
    public boolean isDefaultNamespace(Node node) {
        return isDefaultNamespace(getNamespaceURI(node));
    }

只有 http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans ,会被认为是默认的命名空间。也就是说,beans、bean这些元素,会认为属于默认的命名空间,而像task:scheduled这些,就认为不属于默认命名空间。

根节点beans的一个子节点bean,是属于默认命名空间的,所以会进入parseDefaultElement()方法

private void parseDefaultElement(Element ele, BeanDefinitionParserDelegate delegate) {
        if (delegate.nodeNameEquals(ele, IMPORT_ELEMENT)) {
            importBeanDefinitionResource(ele);
        }
        else if (delegate.nodeNameEquals(ele, ALIAS_ELEMENT)) {
            processAliasRegistration(ele);
        }
        else if (delegate.nodeNameEquals(ele, BEAN_ELEMENT)) {
            processBeanDefinition(ele, delegate);
        }
        else if (delegate.nodeNameEquals(ele, NESTED_BEANS_ELEMENT)) {
            // recurse
            doRegisterBeanDefinitions(ele);
        }
    }

这里可能会有4种情况,import、alias、bean、beans,分别有一个方法与之对应,这里解析的是bean元素,所以会进入processBeanDefinition()方法

protected void processBeanDefinition(Element ele, BeanDefinitionParserDelegate delegate) {
        BeanDefinitionHolder bdHolder = delegate.parseBeanDefinitionElement(ele);
        if (bdHolder != null) {
            bdHolder = delegate.decorateBeanDefinitionIfRequired(ele, bdHolder);
            try {
                // Register the final decorated instance.
                BeanDefinitionReaderUtils.registerBeanDefinition(bdHolder, getReaderContext().getRegistry());
            }
            catch (BeanDefinitionStoreException ex) {
                getReaderContext().error("Failed to register bean definition with name '" +
                        bdHolder.getBeanName() + "'", ele, ex);
            }
            // Send registration event.
            getReaderContext().fireComponentRegistered(new BeanComponentDefinition(bdHolder));
        }
    }

这里主要有3个步骤,先是委托delegate对bean进行解析,然后委托delegate对bean进行装饰,最后由一个工具类来完成BeanDefinition的注册

可以看出来,DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader不负责任何具体的bean解析,它面向的是xml Document对象,根据其元素的命名空间和名称,起一个类似路由的作用(不过,命名空间的判断,也是委托给delegate来做的)。所以这个类的命名,是比较贴切的,突出了其面向Document的特性。具体的工作,是由BeanDefinitionParserDelegate来完成的

下面就看下parseBeanDefinitionElement()方法

public BeanDefinitionHolder parseBeanDefinitionElement(Element ele, BeanDefinition containingBean) {
        String id = ele.getAttribute(ID_ATTRIBUTE);
        String nameAttr = ele.getAttribute(NAME_ATTRIBUTE);
        List<String> aliases = new ArrayList<String>();
        if (StringUtils.hasLength(nameAttr)) {
            String[] nameArr = StringUtils.tokenizeToStringArray(nameAttr, MULTI_VALUE_ATTRIBUTE_DELIMITERS);
            aliases.addAll(Arrays.asList(nameArr));
        }
        String beanName = id;
        if (!StringUtils.hasText(beanName) && !aliases.isEmpty()) {
            beanName = aliases.remove(0);
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("No XML 'id' specified - using '" + beanName +
                        "' as bean name and " + aliases + " as aliases");
            }
        }
        if (containingBean == null) {
            checkNameUniqueness(beanName, aliases, ele);
        }
        AbstractBeanDefinition beanDefinition = parseBeanDefinitionElement(ele, beanName, containingBean);
        if (beanDefinition != null) {
            if (!StringUtils.hasText(beanName)) {
                try {
                    if (containingBean != null) {
                        beanName = BeanDefinitionReaderUtils.generateBeanName(
                                beanDefinition, this.readerContext.getRegistry(), true);
                    }
                    else {
                        beanName = this.readerContext.generateBeanName(beanDefinition);
                        // Register an alias for the plain bean class name, if still possible,
                        // if the generator returned the class name plus a suffix.
                        // This is expected for Spring 1.2/2.0 backwards compatibility.
                        String beanClassName = beanDefinition.getBeanClassName();
                        if (beanClassName != null &&
                                beanName.startsWith(beanClassName) && beanName.length() > beanClassName.length() &&                      !this.readerContext.getRegistry().isBeanNameInUse(beanClassName)) {
                            aliases.add(beanClassName);
                        }
                    }
                    if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                        logger.debug("Neither XML 'id' nor 'name' specified - " +
                                "using generated bean name [" + beanName + "]");
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    error(ex.getMessage(), ele);
                    return null;
                }
            }
            String[] aliasesArray = StringUtils.toStringArray(aliases);
            return new BeanDefinitionHolder(beanDefinition, beanName, aliasesArray);
        }
        return null;
    }

这个方法很长,可以分成三段来看

String id = ele.getAttribute(ID_ATTRIBUTE);
        String nameAttr = ele.getAttribute(NAME_ATTRIBUTE);
        List<String> aliases = new ArrayList<String>();
        if (StringUtils.hasLength(nameAttr)) {
            String[] nameArr = StringUtils.tokenizeToStringArray(nameAttr, MULTI_VALUE_ATTRIBUTE_DELIMITERS);
            aliases.addAll(Arrays.asList(nameArr));
        }
        String beanName = id;
        if (!StringUtils.hasText(beanName) && !aliases.isEmpty()) {
            beanName = aliases.remove(0);
            if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                logger.debug("No XML 'id' specified - using '" + beanName +
                        "' as bean name and " + aliases + " as aliases");
            }
        }
        if (containingBean == null) {
            checkNameUniqueness(beanName, aliases, ele);
        }

这一段,主要是处理一些跟alias,id等标识相关的东西

AbstractBeanDefinition beanDefinition = parseBeanDefinitionElement(ele, beanName, containingBean);

这一行是核心,进行实际的解析

if (beanDefinition != null) {
            if (!StringUtils.hasText(beanName)) {
                try {
                    if (containingBean != null) {
                        beanName = BeanDefinitionReaderUtils.generateBeanName(
                                beanDefinition, this.readerContext.getRegistry(), true);
                    }
                    else {
                        beanName = this.readerContext.generateBeanName(beanDefinition);
                        // Register an alias for the plain bean class name, if still possible,
                        // if the generator returned the class name plus a suffix.
                        // This is expected for Spring 1.2/2.0 backwards compatibility.
                        String beanClassName = beanDefinition.getBeanClassName();
                        if (beanClassName != null &&
                                beanName.startsWith(beanClassName) && beanName.length() > beanClassName.length() &&
                                !this.readerContext.getRegistry().isBeanNameInUse(beanClassName)) {
                            aliases.add(beanClassName);
                        }
                    }
                    if (logger.isDebugEnabled()) {
                        logger.debug("Neither XML 'id' nor 'name' specified - " +
                                "using generated bean name [" + beanName + "]");
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    error(ex.getMessage(), ele);
                    return null;
                }
            }
            String[] aliasesArray = StringUtils.toStringArray(aliases);
            return new BeanDefinitionHolder(beanDefinition, beanName, aliasesArray);
        }

这段是后置处理,对beanName进行处理

前置处理和后置处理,不是核心,就不细看了,重点看下核心的那一行调用

public AbstractBeanDefinition parseBeanDefinitionElement(
            Element ele, String beanName, BeanDefinition containingBean) {
        this.parseState.push(new BeanEntry(beanName));
        String className = null;
        if (ele.hasAttribute(CLASS_ATTRIBUTE)) {
            className = ele.getAttribute(CLASS_ATTRIBUTE).trim();
        }
        try {
            String parent = null;
            if (ele.hasAttribute(PARENT_ATTRIBUTE)) {
                parent = ele.getAttribute(PARENT_ATTRIBUTE);
            }
            AbstractBeanDefinition bd = createBeanDefinition(className, parent);
            parseBeanDefinitionAttributes(ele, beanName, containingBean, bd);
            bd.setDescription(DomUtils.getChildElementValueByTagName(ele, DESCRIPTION_ELEMENT));
            parseMetaElements(ele, bd);
            parseLookupOverrideSubElements(ele, bd.getMethodOverrides());
            parseReplacedMethodSubElements(ele,   bd.getMethodOverrides());
            parseConstructorArgElements(ele, bd);
            parsePropertyElements(ele, bd);
            parseQualifierElements(ele, bd);
            bd.setResource(this.readerContext.getResource());
            bd.setSource(extractSource(ele));
            return bd;
        }
        catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
            error("Bean class [" + className + "] not found", ele, ex);
        }
        catch (NoClassDefFoundError err) {
            error("Class that bean class [" + className + "] depends on not found", ele, err);
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            error("Unexpected failure during bean definition parsing", ele, ex);
        }
        finally {
            this.parseState.pop();
        }
        return null;
    }

这个方法也挺长的,拆开看看

this.parseState.push(new BeanEntry(beanName));
        String className = null;
        if (ele.hasAttribute(CLASS_ATTRIBUTE)) {
            className = ele.getAttribute(CLASS_ATTRIBUTE).trim();
        }

这段是从配置中抽取出类名。接下来的长长一段,把异常处理先抛开,看看实际的业务

String parent = null;
if (ele.hasAttribute(PARENT_ATTRIBUTE)) {
    parent = ele.getAttribute(PARENT_ATTRIBUTE);
}
AbstractBeanDefinition bd = createBeanDefinition(className, parent);
parseBeanDefinitionAttributes(ele, beanName, containingBean, bd);                  
bd.setDescription(DomUtils.getChildElementValueByTagName(ele, DESCRIPTION_ELEMENT));
parseMetaElements(ele, bd);
parseLookupOverrideSubElements(ele, bd.getMethodOverrides());
parseReplacedMethodSubElements(ele, bd.getMethodOverrides());
parseConstructorArgElements(ele, bd);
parsePropertyElements(ele, bd);
parseQualifierElements(ele, bd);
bd.setResource(this.readerContext.getResource());
bd.setSource(extractSource(ele));
return bd;

这里每个方法的命名,就说明了是要干什么,可以一个个跟进去看,本文就不细说了。总之,经过这里的解析,就得到了一个完整的BeanDefinitionHolder。只是说明一下,如果在配置文件里,没有对一些属性进行设置,比如autowire-candidate等,那么这个解析生成的BeanDefinition,都会得到一个默认值

然后,对这个Bean做一些必要的装饰

public BeanDefinitionHolder decorateBeanDefinitionIfRequired(
            Element ele, BeanDefinitionHolder definitionHolder, BeanDefinition containingBd) {
        BeanDefinitionHolder finalDefinition = definitionHolder;
        // Decorate based on custom attributes first.
        NamedNodeMap attributes = ele.getAttributes();
        for (int i = 0; i < attributes.getLength(); i++) {
            Node node = attributes.item(i);
            finalDefinition = decorateIfRequired(node, finalDefinition, containingBd);
        }
        // Decorate based on custom nested elements.
        NodeList children = ele.getChildNodes();
        for (int i = 0; i < children.getLength(); i++) {
            Node node = children.item(i);
            if (node.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE) {
                finalDefinition = decorateIfRequired(node, finalDefinition, containingBd);
            }
        }
        return finalDefinition;
    }

持续单步调试,代码继续运行到DefaultBeanDefinitionDocumentReader中的processBeanDefinition中的registerBeanDefinition()

BeanDefinitionReaderUtils.registerBeanDefinition(bdHolder, 
getReaderContext().getRegistry());

单步进入代码发现BeanDefinitionReaderUtils静态方法registerBeanDefinition()

public static void registerBeanDefinition(
            BeanDefinitionHolder definitionHolder, BeanDefinitionRegistry registry)
            throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        // Register bean definition under primary name.
        String beanName = definitionHolder.getBeanName();
        // 其实调用的是DefaultListableBeanFactory中的registerBeanDefinition方法
        registry.registerBeanDefinition(beanName, definitionHolder.getBeanDefinition());
        // Register aliases for bean name, if any.
        String[] aliases = definitionHolder.getAliases();
        if (aliases != null) {
            for (String aliase : aliases) {
                registry.registerAlias(beanName, aliase);
            }
        }
    }

解释一下 其实调用的是DefaultListableBeanFactory中的registerBeanDefinition方法 这句话,因为DefaultListableBeanFactory实现BeanDefinitionRegistry接口,BeanDefinitionRegistry接口中定义了registerBeanDefinition()方法

看下DefaultListableBeanFactory中registerBeanDefinition()实例方法的具体实现:

public void registerBeanDefinition(String beanName, BeanDefinition beanDefinition)
            throws BeanDefinitionStoreException {
        Assert.hasText(beanName, "Bean name must not be empty");
        Assert.notNull(beanDefinition, "BeanDefinition must not be null");
        if (beanDefinition instanceof AbstractBeanDefinition) {
            try {
                ((AbstractBeanDefinition) beanDefinition).validate();
            }
            catch (BeanDefinitionValidationException ex) {
                throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(beanDefinition.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                        "Validation of bean definition failed", ex);
            }
        }
        synchronized (this.beanDefinitionMap) {
            Object oldBeanDefinition = this.beanDefinitionMap.get(beanName);
            if (oldBeanDefinition != null) {
                if (!this.allowBeanDefinitionOverriding) {
                    throw new BeanDefinitionStoreException(beanDefinition.getResourceDescription(), beanName,
                            "Cannot register bean definition [" + beanDefinition + "] for bean '" + beanName +
                            "': There is already [" + oldBeanDefinition + "] bound.");
                }
                else {
                    if (this.logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                        this.logger.info("Overriding bean definition for bean '" + beanName +
                                "': replacing [" + oldBeanDefinition + "] with [" + beanDefinition + "]");
                    }
                }
            }
            else {
                this.beanDefinitionNames.add(beanName);
                this.frozenBeanDefinitionNames = null;
            }
            this.beanDefinitionMap.put(beanName, beanDefinition);
            resetBeanDefinition(beanName);
        }
    }

代码追溯之后发现这个方法里,最关键的是以下2行:

this.beanDefinitionNames.add(beanName);
this.beanDefinitionMap.put(beanName, beanDefinition);

前者是把beanName放到队列里,后者是把BeanDefinition放到map中,到此注册就完成了。在后面实例化的时候,就是把beanDefinitionMap中的BeanDefinition取出来,逐一实例化

BeanFactory准备完毕之后,代码又回到了ClassPathXmlApplicationContext里

public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
        synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
            // Prepare this context for refreshing.
            prepareRefresh();
            // Tell the subclass to refresh the internal bean factory.
            ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();
            // Prepare the bean factory for use in this context.
            prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);
            try {
                // Allows post-processing of the bean factory in context subclasses.
                postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);
                // Invoke factory processors registered as beans in the context.
                invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);
                // Register bean processors that intercept bean creation.
                registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);
                // Initialize message source for this context.
                initMessageSource();
                // Initialize event multicaster for this context.
                initApplicationEventMulticaster();
                // Initialize other special beans in specific context subclasses.
                onRefresh();
                // Check for listener beans and register them.
                registerListeners();
                // Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
                finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);
                // Last step: publish corresponding event.
                finishRefresh();
            }
            catch (BeansException ex) {
                // Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
                destroyBeans();
                // Reset 'active' flag.
                cancelRefresh(ex);
                // Propagate exception to caller.
                throw ex;
            }
        }
    }

也就是obtainFreshBeanFactory()方法执行之后,再进行下面的步骤。

总结来说,ApplicationContext将解析配置文件的工作委托给BeanDefinitionReader,然后BeanDefinitionReader将配置文件读取为xml的Document文档之后,又委托给BeanDefinitionDocumentReader

BeanDefinitionDocumentReader这个组件是根据xml元素的命名空间和元素名,起到一个路由的作用,实际的解析工作,是委托给BeanDefinitionParserDelegate来完成的

BeanDefinitionParserDelegate的解析工作完成以后,会返回BeanDefinitionHolder给BeanDefinitionDocumentReader,在这里,会委托给DefaultListableBeanFactory完成bean的注册

XmlBeanDefinitionReader(计数、解析XML文档),BeanDefinitionDocumentReader(依赖xml文档,进行解析和注册),BeanDefinitionParserDelegate(实际的解析工作)。可以看出,在解析bean的过程中,这3个组件的分工是比较清晰的,各司其职,这种设计思想值得学习

到此为止,bean的解析、注册、spring ioc 容器的实例化过程就基本分析结束了。

作者:fxliutao

链接: https://www.jianshu.com/p/963f87a5c4d7

來源:简书

著作权归作者所有。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

原文 

http://h2pl.github.io/2018/06/02/spring2/

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