正确实现用spring扫描自定义的annotation

背景

在使用spring时,有时候有会有一些自定义annotation的需求,比如一些Listener的回调函数。

比如:

@Service
public class MyService {
    @MyListener
    public void onMessage(Message msg){
    }
}

一开始的时候,我是在Spring的 ContextRefreshedEvent
事件里,通过 context.getBeansWithAnnotation(Component.class)
来获取到所有的bean,然后再检查method是否有 @MyListener
的annotation。

后来发现这个方法有缺陷,当有一些spring bean的 @Scope
设置为session/request时,创建bean会失败。

参考:

http://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/current/spring-framework-reference/htmlsingle/#beans-factory-scopes

在网上搜索了一些资料,发现不少人都是用 context.getBeansWithAnnotation(Component.class)
,这样子来做的,但是这个方法并不对。

BeanPostProcessor接口

后来看了下spring jms里的 @JmsListener
的实现,发现实现 BeanPostProcessor
接口才是最合理的办法。

public interface BeanPostProcessor {

    /**
     * Apply this BeanPostProcessor to the given new bean instance <i>before</i> any bean
     * initialization callbacks (like InitializingBean's {@code afterPropertiesSet}
     * or a custom init-method). The bean will already be populated with property values.
     * The returned bean instance may be a wrapper around the original.
     * @param bean the new bean instance
     * @param beanName the name of the bean
     * @return the bean instance to use, either the original or a wrapped one;
     * if {@code null}, no subsequent BeanPostProcessors will be invoked
     * @throws org.springframework.beans.BeansException in case of errors
     * @see org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean#afterPropertiesSet
     */
    Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException;

    /**
     * Apply this BeanPostProcessor to the given new bean instance <i>after</i> any bean
     * initialization callbacks (like InitializingBean's {@code afterPropertiesSet}
     * or a custom init-method). The bean will already be populated with property values.
     * The returned bean instance may be a wrapper around the original.
     * <p>In case of a FactoryBean, this callback will be invoked for both the FactoryBean
     * instance and the objects created by the FactoryBean (as of Spring 2.0). The
     * post-processor can decide whether to apply to either the FactoryBean or created
     * objects or both through corresponding {@code bean instanceof FactoryBean} checks.
     * <p>This callback will also be invoked after a short-circuiting triggered by a
     * {@link InstantiationAwareBeanPostProcessor#postProcessBeforeInstantiation} method,
     * in contrast to all other BeanPostProcessor callbacks.
     * @param bean the new bean instance
     * @param beanName the name of the bean
     * @return the bean instance to use, either the original or a wrapped one;
     * if {@code null}, no subsequent BeanPostProcessors will be invoked
     * @throws org.springframework.beans.BeansException in case of errors
     * @see org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean#afterPropertiesSet
     * @see org.springframework.beans.factory.FactoryBean
     */
    Object postProcessAfterInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException;

}

所有的bean在创建完之后,都会回调 postProcessAfterInitialization
函数,这时就可以确定bean是已经创建好的了。

所以扫描自定义的annotation的代码大概是这个样子的:

public class MyListenerProcessor implements BeanPostProcessor {
    @Override
    public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
        return bean;
    }

    @Override
    public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
        Method[] methods = ReflectionUtils.getAllDeclaredMethods(bean.getClass());
        if (methods != null) {
            for (Method method : methods) {
                MyListener myListener = AnnotationUtils.findAnnotation(method, MyListener.class);
                // process
            }
        }
        return bean;
    }
}

SmartInitializingSingleton 接口

看spring jms的代码时,发现SmartInitializingSingleton 这个接口也比较有意思。

就是当所有的singleton的bean都初始化完了之后才会回调这个接口。不过要注意是 4.1 之后才出现的接口。

public interface SmartInitializingSingleton {

    /**
     * Invoked right at the end of the singleton pre-instantiation phase,
     * with a guarantee that all regular singleton beans have been created
     * already. {@link ListableBeanFactory#getBeansOfType} calls within
     * this method won't trigger accidental side effects during bootstrap.
     * <p><b>NOTE:</b> This callback won't be triggered for singleton beans
     * lazily initialized on demand after {@link BeanFactory} bootstrap,
     * and not for any other bean scope either. Carefully use it for beans
     * with the intended bootstrap semantics only.
     */
    void afterSingletonsInstantiated();

}

https://docs.spring.io/spring/docs/current/javadoc-api/org/springframework/beans/factory/SmartInitializingSingleton.html

原文 

http://www.importnew.com/22934.html

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