爬虫实战-使用Springboot+WebMagic爬取51job数据

使用SpringBoot+Mybatis plus+Webmagic爬取51job的职位信息,并保存到mysql数据库.

创建工程

引入maven依赖

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>2.2.5.RELEASE</version>
		<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	</parent>
	<groupId>com.hg</groupId>
	<artifactId>spider-demo</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<name>spider-demo</name>
	<description>爬虫实战</description>

	<properties>
		<java.version>1.8</java.version>
	</properties>

	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
			<artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
			<optional>true</optional>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>cn.hutool</groupId>
			<artifactId>hutool-all</artifactId>
			<version>5.1.0</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- druid数据连接池 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
			<artifactId>druid-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
			<version>1.1.10</version>
		</dependency>
		<!-- mysql connector -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>mysql</groupId>
			<artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
			<scope>runtime</scope>
		</dependency>
		<!-- Mybatis-plus -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.baomidou</groupId>
			<artifactId>mybatis-plus-boot-starter</artifactId>
			<version>3.0.5</version>
		</dependency>
		<!--webmagic-->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>us.codecraft</groupId>
			<artifactId>webmagic-core</artifactId>
			<version>0.7.3</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>us.codecraft</groupId>
			<artifactId>webmagic-extension</artifactId>
			<version>0.7.3</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>com.google.guava</groupId>
			<artifactId>guava</artifactId>
			<version>16.0</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

</project>
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建表语句

创建数据库spider,新建表job_info

CREATE TABLE `job_info` (
  `id` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT '主键id',
  `company_name` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '公司名称',
  `company_addr` varchar(200) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '公司联系方式',
  `job_name` varchar(100) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '职位名称',
  `job_addr` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '工作地点',
  `salary` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '薪资范围',
  `url` varchar(150) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '招聘信息详情页',
  `time` varchar(10) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '职位最近发布时间',
  `job_detail` text COMMENT '职位详情',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COMMENT='招聘信息';
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加入配置文件

创建application.yml

spring:
  application:
    name: spider-servoce
  jackson:
    time-zone: GMT+8
    date-format: yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver
    url: jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/spider?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf8&autoReconnect=true&useSSL=false
    username: root
    password: root
    type: com.alibaba.druid.pool.DruidDataSource
    druid:
      initialSize: 10
      minIdle: 10
      maxActive: 50
      maxWait: 60000
      timeBetweenEvictionRunsMillis: 60000
      minEvictableIdleTimeMillis: 300000
      validationQuery: SELECT 1 FROM DUAL
      testWhileIdle: true
      testOnBorrow: false
      testOnReturn: false
      poolPreparedStatements: true
      maxPoolPreparedStatementPerConnectionSize: 20
      filters: stat,wall
      connectionProperties: druid.stat.mergeSql=true;druid.stat.slowSqlMillis=5000


#mybatis
mybatis-plus:
  mapper-locations: classpath:mapper/**/*.xml
  typeAliasesPackage: com.hg.*.entity
  global-config:
    db-config:
      id-type: auto
      field-strategy: not_empty
      table-underline: true
      db-type: mysql
    refresh: true
  configuration:
    map-underscore-to-camel-case: true
    cache-enabled: false

logging:
  level:
    org.springframework.web: info
    org.apache.http: info
    us.codecraft.webmagic: info


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编写POJO

package com.hg.spider.entity;

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.annotation.TableId;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.annotation.TableName;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;

@Data
@TableName("job_info")
@Slf4j
public class JobInfo {

    @TableId
    private Long id;
    /**
     * 公司名
     */
    private String companyName;
    /**
     * 公司地址
     */
    private String companyAddr;
    /**
     * 工作名称
     */
    private String jobName;
    /**
     * 工作地址
     */
    private String jobAddr;
    /**
     * 工作详情
     */
    private String jobDetail;
    /**
     * 薪资
     */
    private String salary;
    /**
     * 爬取的url
     */
    private String url;
    /**
     * 职位发布时间
     */
    private String time;
}

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编写Dao

package com.hg.spider.dao;

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.mapper.BaseMapper;
import com.hg.spider.entity.JobInfo;

/**
 * @Author skh
 * @Date 2020/3/21 16:27
 * @Desc
 */
public interface JobInfoDao  extends BaseMapper<JobInfo> {
}

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编写Service

package com.hg.spider.service;

import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.core.conditions.query.QueryWrapper;
import com.baomidou.mybatisplus.extension.service.impl.ServiceImpl;
import com.hg.spider.dao.JobInfoDao;
import com.hg.spider.entity.JobInfo;
import com.hg.spider.webmagic.JobProcessor;
import com.hg.spider.webmagic.MysqlPipeline;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.Spider;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.scheduler.BloomFilterDuplicateRemover;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.scheduler.QueueScheduler;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author skh
 * @Date 2020/3/21 12:10
 * @Desc
 */
@Service
@Slf4j
public class JobInfoService extends ServiceImpl<JobInfoDao, JobInfo> {

    //开始爬取的url
    String url = "https://search.51job.com/list/080200,000000,0000,26,9,99,%25E6%2588%25BF%25E4%25BA%25A7%25E7%25BB%258F%25E7%25BA%25AA%25E4%25BA%25BA,2,1.html?lang=c&stype=1&postchannel=0000&workyear=99&cotype=99&degreefrom=99&jobterm=99&companysize=99&lonlat=0%2C0&radius=-1&ord_field=0&confirmdate=9&fromType=&dibiaoid=0&address=&line=&specialarea=00&from=&welfare=";

    @Autowired
    private MysqlPipeline mysqlPipeline;

    @Autowired
    private JobProcessor jobProcessor;

    public void getJobInfo() {
        log.info("开始爬取数据");

        //设置爬虫配置
        Spider.create(jobProcessor)
                .addUrl(url) //设置初始爬取的url
                //使用布隆过滤器过滤重复url,需要引入guava包
                .setScheduler(new QueueScheduler().setDuplicateRemover(new BloomFilterDuplicateRemover(100000)))
                .thread(50) //设置线程数
                .addPipeline(mysqlPipeline) //设置持久化
                .run();
    }

    public List<JobInfo> selectJobInfoByUrl(String url) {
        QueryWrapper<JobInfo> wrapper = new QueryWrapper<>();
        wrapper.eq("url", url);
        List<JobInfo> jobInfos = this.baseMapper.selectList(wrapper);
        return jobInfos;
    }
}

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编写Controller

package com.hg.spider.controller;

import com.hg.spider.service.JobInfoService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

/**
 * @Author skh
 * @Date 2020/3/21 12:24
 * @Desc
 */
@RestController
public class JobInfoController {

    @Autowired
    private JobInfoService jobInfoService;

    @GetMapping("/getJobInfo")
    public String getJobInfo() {
        jobInfoService.getJobInfo();
        return "success";
    }
}

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实现PageProcessor,定义页面解析逻辑

package com.hg.spider.webmagic;

import cn.hutool.core.collection.CollUtil;
import cn.hutool.core.util.StrUtil;
import com.hg.spider.entity.JobInfo;
import com.hg.spider.service.JobInfoService;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.Page;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.Site;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.processor.PageProcessor;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.selector.Html;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.selector.Selectable;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Author skh
 * @Date 2020/3/20 22:56
 * @Desc 解析页面
 */
@Component
@Slf4j
public class JobProcessor implements PageProcessor {

    @Autowired
    private JobInfoService jobInfoService;

    /**
     * 解析页面
     * @param page
     */
    @Override
    public void process(Page page) {

        //解析列表页
        List<Selectable> nodes = page.getHtml().css("div#resultList div.el").nodes();

        if (CollUtil.isEmpty(nodes)) {
            //为空表示这是招聘详情页,解析页面,获取招聘详情信息,保存数据
            try {
                this.saveJobInfo(page);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                log.error("解析异常,异常原因:{}", e.getMessage(),e);
            }
        } else {
            //不为空表示这是列表页,解析出详情页url,放到任务队列中
            for (Selectable node : nodes) {
                //获取url地址
                String jobInfoUrl = node.css("p.t1 span a").links().toString();
                if (StrUtil.isNotBlank(jobInfoUrl)) {
                    //判断记录是否已存在
                    List<JobInfo> jobInfoList = jobInfoService.selectJobInfoByUrl(jobInfoUrl);
                    if (CollUtil.isEmpty(jobInfoList)) {
                        //把url放到任务队列中
                        page.addTargetRequest(jobInfoUrl);
                    } else {
                        log.info("记录已存在,记录url:{}",jobInfoUrl);
                    }
                }
            }

            //获取下一页的url
            List<String> all = page.getHtml().css("div.p_in li.bk a").links().all();
            String bkUrl = all.get(all.size() - 1);
            log.info("下一页Url:{}", bkUrl);
            if (StrUtil.containsAny(bkUrl, "11.html")) {
                System.out.println("已查到10页数据,无须无限爬取数据");
                return;
            }

            page.addTargetRequest(bkUrl);
        }

    }

    /**
     * 解析job详情页
     * @param page
     */
    private void saveJobInfo(Page page) {
        //解析页面
        Html html = page.getHtml();
        String companyName = html.css("div.cn p.cname a", "text").get();
        List<String> text = html.css("div.bmsg.inbox p.fp", "text").all();
        String companyAddr = text.get(text.size() - 1);
        String jobName = html.css("div.cn h1", "text").get();
        String jobStr = html.css("p.msg.ltype", "text").get();
        String[] s = StrUtil.split(jobStr, "    ");
        String jobAddr = s[0];
        String time = "";
        for (String s1 : s) {
            if (StrUtil.containsAny(s1, "发布")) {
                time = StrUtil.removeAll(s1, "发布");
                break;
            }
        }
        String jonDetail = html.css("div.bmsg.job_msg.inbox", "allText").get();
        String url = page.getUrl().get();
        String salary = html.css("div.in div.cn strong", "text").get();

        JobInfo jobInfo = new JobInfo();
        jobInfo.setJobName(jobName);
        jobInfo.setJobAddr(jobAddr);
        jobInfo.setJobDetail(jonDetail);
        jobInfo.setSalary(salary);
        jobInfo.setUrl(url);
        jobInfo.setTime(time);
        jobInfo.setCompanyName(companyName);
        jobInfo.setCompanyAddr(companyAddr);

        //把结果保存到resultItems,为了持久化
        page.putField("jobInfo", jobInfo);

    }

    //配置爬虫信息
    private Site site = Site.me()
            .setUserAgent("Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/54.0.2840.99 Safari/537.36")
            .setCharset("gbk")
            .setTimeOut(10 * 1000)
            .setRetryTimes(3)
            .setRetrySleepTime(3000);

    @Override
    public Site getSite() {
        return site;
    }
}

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实现PipeLine,保存到数据库

package com.hg.spider.webmagic;

import com.hg.spider.entity.JobInfo;
import com.hg.spider.service.JobInfoService;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.ResultItems;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.Task;
import us.codecraft.webmagic.pipeline.Pipeline;

/**
 * @Author skh
 * @Date 2020/3/21 16:18
 * @Desc
 */
@Component
@Slf4j
public class MysqlPipeline implements Pipeline
{
    @Autowired
    private JobInfoService jobInfoService;

    @Override
    public void process(ResultItems resultItems, Task task) {
        //获取封装好的数据
        JobInfo jobInfo = resultItems.get("jobInfo");
        if (jobInfo != null) {
            jobInfoService.save(jobInfo);
        }
    }
}

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原文 

https://juejin.im/post/5e785460f265da57424bb2de

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