聊聊debezium的SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter

本文主要研究一下debezium的SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter

SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter

debezium-v1.1.1.Final/debezium-core/src/main/java/io/debezium/relational/SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter.java

public class SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter extends RelationalChangeRecordEmitter {

    private final Object[] row;

    public SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter(OffsetContext offset, Object[] row, Clock clock) {
        super(offset, clock);

        this.row = row;
    }

    @Override
    protected Operation getOperation() {
        return Operation.READ;
    }

    @Override
    protected Object[] getOldColumnValues() {
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Can't get old row values for READ record");
    }

    @Override
    protected Object[] getNewColumnValues() {
        return row;
    }
}
  • SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter继承了RelationalChangeRecordEmitter,其构造器接收row,其getOperation方法返回Operation.READ,其getOldColumnValues方法抛出UnsupportedOperationException,其getNewColumnValues返回row

RelationalChangeRecordEmitter

debezium-v1.1.1.Final/debezium-core/src/main/java/io/debezium/relational/RelationalChangeRecordEmitter.java

public abstract class RelationalChangeRecordEmitter extends AbstractChangeRecordEmitter<TableSchema> {

    protected final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(getClass());

    public RelationalChangeRecordEmitter(OffsetContext offsetContext, Clock clock) {
        super(offsetContext, clock);
    }

    @Override
    public void emitChangeRecords(DataCollectionSchema schema, Receiver receiver) throws InterruptedException {
        TableSchema tableSchema = (TableSchema) schema;
        Operation operation = getOperation();

        switch (operation) {
            case CREATE:
                emitCreateRecord(receiver, tableSchema);
                break;
            case READ:
                emitReadRecord(receiver, tableSchema);
                break;
            case UPDATE:
                emitUpdateRecord(receiver, tableSchema);
                break;
            case DELETE:
                emitDeleteRecord(receiver, tableSchema);
                break;
            default:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unsupported operation: " + operation);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void emitCreateRecord(Receiver receiver, TableSchema tableSchema)
            throws InterruptedException {
        Object[] newColumnValues = getNewColumnValues();
        Object newKey = tableSchema.keyFromColumnData(newColumnValues);
        Struct newValue = tableSchema.valueFromColumnData(newColumnValues);
        Struct envelope = tableSchema.getEnvelopeSchema().create(newValue, getOffset().getSourceInfo(), getClock().currentTimeAsInstant());

        if (skipEmptyMessages() && (newColumnValues == null || newColumnValues.length == 0)) {
            logger.warn("no new values found for table '{}' from create message at '{}'; skipping record", tableSchema, getOffset().getSourceInfo());
            return;
        }
        receiver.changeRecord(tableSchema, Operation.CREATE, newKey, envelope, getOffset());
    }

    @Override
    protected void emitReadRecord(Receiver receiver, TableSchema tableSchema)
            throws InterruptedException {
        Object[] newColumnValues = getNewColumnValues();
        Object newKey = tableSchema.keyFromColumnData(newColumnValues);
        Struct newValue = tableSchema.valueFromColumnData(newColumnValues);
        Struct envelope = tableSchema.getEnvelopeSchema().read(newValue, getOffset().getSourceInfo(), getClock().currentTimeAsInstant());

        receiver.changeRecord(tableSchema, Operation.READ, newKey, envelope, getOffset());
    }

    @Override
    protected void emitUpdateRecord(Receiver receiver, TableSchema tableSchema)
            throws InterruptedException {
        Object[] oldColumnValues = getOldColumnValues();
        Object[] newColumnValues = getNewColumnValues();

        Object oldKey = tableSchema.keyFromColumnData(oldColumnValues);
        Object newKey = tableSchema.keyFromColumnData(newColumnValues);

        Struct newValue = tableSchema.valueFromColumnData(newColumnValues);
        Struct oldValue = tableSchema.valueFromColumnData(oldColumnValues);

        if (skipEmptyMessages() && (newColumnValues == null || newColumnValues.length == 0)) {
            logger.warn("no new values found for table '{}' from update message at '{}'; skipping record", tableSchema, getOffset().getSourceInfo());
            return;
        }
        // some configurations does not provide old values in case of updates
        // in this case we handle all updates as regular ones
        if (oldKey == null || Objects.equals(oldKey, newKey)) {
            Struct envelope = tableSchema.getEnvelopeSchema().update(oldValue, newValue, getOffset().getSourceInfo(), getClock().currentTimeAsInstant());
            receiver.changeRecord(tableSchema, Operation.UPDATE, newKey, envelope, getOffset());
        }
        // PK update -> emit as delete and re-insert with new key
        else {
            Struct envelope = tableSchema.getEnvelopeSchema().delete(oldValue, getOffset().getSourceInfo(), getClock().currentTimeAsInstant());
            receiver.changeRecord(tableSchema, Operation.DELETE, oldKey, envelope, getOffset());

            envelope = tableSchema.getEnvelopeSchema().create(newValue, getOffset().getSourceInfo(), getClock().currentTimeAsInstant());
            receiver.changeRecord(tableSchema, Operation.CREATE, newKey, envelope, getOffset());
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void emitDeleteRecord(Receiver receiver, TableSchema tableSchema) throws InterruptedException {
        Object[] oldColumnValues = getOldColumnValues();
        Object oldKey = tableSchema.keyFromColumnData(oldColumnValues);
        Struct oldValue = tableSchema.valueFromColumnData(oldColumnValues);

        if (skipEmptyMessages() && (oldColumnValues == null || oldColumnValues.length == 0)) {
            logger.warn("no old values found for table '{}' from delete message at '{}'; skipping record", tableSchema, getOffset().getSourceInfo());
            return;
        }

        Struct envelope = tableSchema.getEnvelopeSchema().delete(oldValue, getOffset().getSourceInfo(), getClock().currentTimeAsInstant());
        receiver.changeRecord(tableSchema, Operation.DELETE, oldKey, envelope, getOffset());
    }

    /**
     * Returns the operation done by the represented change.
     */
    protected abstract Operation getOperation();

    /**
     * Returns the old row state in case of an UPDATE or DELETE.
     */
    protected abstract Object[] getOldColumnValues();

    /**
     * Returns the new row state in case of a CREATE or READ.
     */
    protected abstract Object[] getNewColumnValues();

    /**
     * Whether empty data messages should be ignored.
     *
     * @return true if empty data messages coming from data source should be ignored.</br>
     * Typical use case are PostgreSQL changes without FULL replica identity.
     */
    protected boolean skipEmptyMessages() {
        return false;
    }
}
  • RelationalChangeRecordEmitter继承了AbstractChangeRecordEmitter,其泛型为TableSchema;其emitChangeRecords方法根据不同的operation执行不同的emit方法;这些emit方法主要是构造key及envelope,然后执行receiver.changeRecord

AbstractChangeRecordEmitter

debezium-v1.1.1.Final/debezium-core/src/main/java/io/debezium/pipeline/AbstractChangeRecordEmitter.java

public abstract class AbstractChangeRecordEmitter<T extends DataCollectionSchema> implements ChangeRecordEmitter {

    private final OffsetContext offsetContext;
    private final Clock clock;

    public AbstractChangeRecordEmitter(OffsetContext offsetContext, Clock clock) {
        this.offsetContext = offsetContext;
        this.clock = clock;
    }

    @Override
    @SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked" })
    public void emitChangeRecords(DataCollectionSchema schema, Receiver receiver) throws InterruptedException {
        Operation operation = getOperation();
        switch (operation) {
            case CREATE:
                emitCreateRecord(receiver, (T) schema);
                break;
            case READ:
                emitReadRecord(receiver, (T) schema);
                break;
            case UPDATE:
                emitUpdateRecord(receiver, (T) schema);
                break;
            case DELETE:
                emitDeleteRecord(receiver, (T) schema);
                break;
            default:
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unsupported operation: " + operation);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public OffsetContext getOffset() {
        return offsetContext;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the clock of the change record(s) emitted.
     */
    public Clock getClock() {
        return clock;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the operation associated with the change.
     */
    protected abstract Operation getOperation();

    /**
     * Emits change record(s) associated with a snapshot.
     *
     * @param receiver the handler for which the emitted record should be dispatched
     * @param schema the schema
     */
    protected abstract void emitReadRecord(Receiver receiver, T schema) throws InterruptedException;

    /**
     * Emits change record(s) associated with an insert operation.
     *
     * @param receiver the handler for which the emitted record should be dispatched
     * @param schema the schema
     */
    protected abstract void emitCreateRecord(Receiver receiver, T schema) throws InterruptedException;

    /**
     * Emits change record(s) associated with an update operation.
     *
     * @param receiver the handler for which the emitted record should be dispatched
     * @param schema the schema
     */
    protected abstract void emitUpdateRecord(Receiver receiver, T schema) throws InterruptedException;

    /**
     * Emits change record(s) associated with a delete operation.
     *
     * @param receiver the handler for which the emitted record should be dispatched
     * @param schema the schema
     */
    protected abstract void emitDeleteRecord(Receiver receiver, T schema) throws InterruptedException;
}
  • AbstractChangeRecordEmitter实现了ChangeRecordEmitter接口,其提供了emitChangeRecords方法,封装了针对不同operation的调用,同事定义了emitCreateRecord、emitReadRecord、emitUpdateRecord、emitDeleteRecord方法供子类实现

ChangeRecordEmitter

debezium-v1.1.1.Final/debezium-core/src/main/java/io/debezium/pipeline/spi/ChangeRecordEmitter.java

public interface ChangeRecordEmitter {

    /**
     * Emits the change record(s) corresponding to data change represented by this emitter.
     */
    void emitChangeRecords(DataCollectionSchema schema, Receiver receiver) throws InterruptedException;

    /**
     * Returns the offset of the change record(s) emitted.
     */
    OffsetContext getOffset();

    public interface Receiver {
        void changeRecord(DataCollectionSchema schema, Operation operation, Object key, Struct value, OffsetContext offset) throws InterruptedException;
    }
}
  • ChangeRecordEmitter接口定义了emitChangeRecords、getOffset方法,同时还定义了Receiver接口,该接口定义了changeRecord方法

小结

SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter继承了RelationalChangeRecordEmitter,其构造器接收row,其getOperation方法返回Operation.READ,其getOldColumnValues方法抛出UnsupportedOperationException,其getNewColumnValues返回row

doc

  • SnapshotChangeRecordEmitter

原文 

https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000022634728

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