原创

Springboot集成ElasticSearch快速入门demo

一、ElasticSearch介绍

elasticsearch是构建在Apache Lucene上的使用Java语言开发的开源分布式搜素引擎。Lucene是一个开源的全文搜索引擎工具包,它仅是一个工具包而不是一个完整的工作引擎,并且只能被Java应用程序调用,elasticsearch基于REST API,因此任何开发语言开发的任何应用程序都可以通过JSON格式的HTTP请求来管理elasticsearch集群。elasticsearch封装并扩展了Luncene,使存储、索引、搜索都变得更快、更容易。除此之外,elasticsearch还可以完好地存储数据,甚至可以将其直接作为带搜索功能的NoSQL数据库来使用,它的数据是通过文档形式表示的。以下将elasticsearch都简称为es。

二、ElasticSearch环境搭建

采用docker-compose搭建,具体配置如下:
version: '3'

# 网桥es -> 方便相互通讯
networks:
  es:

services:
  elasticsearch:
    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/zhengqing/elasticsearch:7.14.1      # 原镜像`elasticsearch:7.14.1`
    container_name: elasticsearch             # 容器名为'elasticsearch'
    restart: unless-stopped                           # 指定容器退出后的重启策略为始终重启,但是不考虑在Docker守护进程启动时就已经停止了的容器
    volumes:                                  # 数据卷挂载路径设置,将本机目录映射到容器目录
      - "./elasticsearch/data:/usr/share/elasticsearch/data"
      - "./elasticsearch/logs:/usr/share/elasticsearch/logs"
      - "./elasticsearch/config/elasticsearch.yml:/usr/share/elasticsearch/config/elasticsearch.yml"
#      - "./elasticsearch/config/jvm.options:/usr/share/elasticsearch/config/jvm.options"
      - "./elasticsearch/plugins/ik:/usr/share/elasticsearch/plugins/ik" # IK中文分词插件
    environment:                              # 设置环境变量,相当于docker run命令中的-e
      TZ: Asia/Shanghai
      LANG: en_US.UTF-8
      TAKE_FILE_OWNERSHIP: "true"  # 权限
      discovery.type: single-node
      ES_JAVA_OPTS: "-Xmx512m -Xms512m"
      #ELASTIC_PASSWORD: "123456" # elastic账号密码
    ports:
      - "9200:9200"
      - "9300:9300"
    networks:
      - es

  kibana:
    image: registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/zhengqing/kibana:7.14.1       # 原镜像`kibana:7.14.1`
    container_name: kibana
    restart: unless-stopped
    volumes:
      - ./elasticsearch/kibana/config/kibana.yml:/usr/share/kibana/config/kibana.yml
    ports:
      - "5601:5601"
    depends_on:
      - elasticsearch
    links:
      - elasticsearch
    networks:
      - es

部署

# 运行
docker-compose -f docker-compose-elasticsearch.yml -p elasticsearch up -d
# 运行后,给当前目录下所有文件赋予权限(读、写、执行)
#chmod -R 777 ./elasticsearch
  1. ES访问地址:ip地址:9200 默认账号密码:elastic/123456
  2. kibana访问地址:ip地址:5601/app/dev_tools#/console 默认账号密码:elastic/123456

设置ES密码

# 进入容器
docker exec -it elasticsearch /bin/bash
# 设置密码-随机生成密码
# elasticsearch-setup-passwords auto
# 设置密码-手动设置密码
elasticsearch-setup-passwords interactive
# 访问
curl 127.0.0.1:9200 -u elastic:123456

三、代码工程

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <parent>
        <artifactId>springboot-demo</artifactId>
        <groupId>com.et</groupId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>



    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-elasticsearch</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-webflux</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>${fastjson.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.projectreactor</groupId>
            <artifactId>reactor-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

</project>

启动类

package com.et59.elaticsearch;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class EssearchApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(EssearchApplication.class, args);
    }

}

service

package com.et59.elaticsearch.service;

import com.et59.elaticsearch.document.ProductDocument;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @author zhoudong
 * @version 0.1
 * @date 2018/12/13 15:32
 */
public interface EsSearchService extends BaseSearchService<ProductDocument> {
    /**
     * 保存
     * @auther: zhoudong
     * @date: 2018/12/13 16:02
     */
    void save(ProductDocument... productDocuments);

    /**
     * 删除
     * @param id
     */
    void delete(String id);

    /**
     * 清空索引
     */
    void deleteAll();

    /**
     * 根据ID查询
     * @param id
     * @return
     */
    ProductDocument getById(String id);

    /**
     * 查询全部
     * @return
     */
    List<ProductDocument> getAll();
}
package com.et59.elaticsearch.service.impl;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.et59.elaticsearch.document.ProductDocument;
import com.et59.elaticsearch.repository.ProductDocumentRepository;
import com.et59.elaticsearch.service.EsSearchService;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.core.ElasticsearchTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.*;

/**
 * elasticsearch 搜索引擎 service实现
 * @author zhoudong
 * @version 0.1
 * @date 2018/12/13 15:33
 */
@Service
public class EsSearchServiceImpl extends BaseSearchServiceImpl<ProductDocument> implements EsSearchService {
    private Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(getClass());
    @Resource
    private ElasticsearchTemplate elasticsearchTemplate;
    @Resource
    private ProductDocumentRepository productDocumentRepository;

    @Override
    public void save(ProductDocument ... productDocuments) {
        elasticsearchTemplate.putMapping(ProductDocument.class);
        if(productDocuments.length > 0){
            /*Arrays.asList(productDocuments).parallelStream()
                    .map(productDocumentRepository::save)
                    .forEach(productDocument -> log.info("【保存数据】:{}", JSON.toJSONString(productDocument)));*/
            log.info("【保存索引】:{}",JSON.toJSONString(productDocumentRepository.saveAll(Arrays.asList(productDocuments))));
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void delete(String id) {
        productDocumentRepository.deleteById(id);
    }

    @Override
    public void deleteAll() {
        productDocumentRepository.deleteAll();
    }

    @Override
    public ProductDocument getById(String id) {
        return productDocumentRepository.findById(id).get();
    }

    @Override
    public List<ProductDocument> getAll() {
        List<ProductDocument> list = new ArrayList<>();
        productDocumentRepository.findAll().forEach(list::add);
        return list;
    }

}

document

package com.et59.elaticsearch.document;

import org.springframework.data.annotation.Id;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.annotations.Document;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.annotations.Field;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.annotations.Mapping;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * 产品实体
 * @author zhoudong
 * @version 0.1
 * @date 2018/12/13 15:22
 */
@Document(indexName = "orders", type = "product")
@Mapping(mappingPath = "productIndex.json") // 解决IK分词不能使用问题
public class ProductDocument implements Serializable {

    @Id
    private String id;
    //@Field(analyzer = "ik_max_word",searchAnalyzer = "ik_max_word")
    private String productName;
    //@Field(analyzer = "ik_max_word",searchAnalyzer = "ik_max_word")
    private String productDesc;

    private Date createTime;

    private Date updateTime;

    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(String id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getProductName() {
        return productName;
    }

    public void setProductName(String productName) {
        this.productName = productName;
    }

    public String getProductDesc() {
        return productDesc;
    }

    public void setProductDesc(String productDesc) {
        this.productDesc = productDesc;
    }

    public Date getCreateTime() {
        return createTime;
    }

    public void setCreateTime(Date createTime) {
        this.createTime = createTime;
    }

    public Date getUpdateTime() {
        return updateTime;
    }

    public void setUpdateTime(Date updateTime) {
        this.updateTime = updateTime;
    }
}

repository

package com.et59.elaticsearch.repository;

import com.et59.elaticsearch.document.ProductDocument;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.repository.ElasticsearchRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * @author zhoudong
 * @version 0.1
 * @date 2018/12/13 17:35
 */
@Component
public interface ProductDocumentRepository extends ElasticsearchRepository<ProductDocument,String> {
}

application.properties

# elasticsearch.yml 文件中的 cluster.name
spring.data.elasticsearch.cluster-name=docker-cluster
# elasticsearch 调用地址,多个使用“,”隔开
spring.data.elasticsearch.cluster-nodes=127.0.0.1:9300
#spring.data.elasticsearch.repositories.enabled=true
#spring.data.elasticsearch.username=elastic
#spring.data.elasticsearch.password=123456
#spring.data.elasticsearch.network.host=0.0.0.0
productIndex.json
{
  "properties": {
    "createTime": {
      "type": "long"
    },
    "productDesc": {
      "type": "text",
      "analyzer": "ik_max_word",
      "search_analyzer": "ik_max_word"
    },
    "productName": {
      "type": "text",
      "analyzer": "ik_max_word",
      "search_analyzer": "ik_max_word"
    },
    "updateTime": {
      "type": "long"
    }
  }
}

代码仓库地址

四、验证

package com.et59.elaticsearch;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;
import com.et59.elaticsearch.document.ProductDocument;
import com.et59.elaticsearch.document.ProductDocumentBuilder;
import com.et59.elaticsearch.service.EsSearchService;
import com.et59.elaticsearch.page.Page;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class EssearchApplicationTests {
    private Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(getClass());

    @Autowired
    private EsSearchService esSearchService;

    @Test
    public void save() {
        log.info("【创建索引前的数据条数】:{}",esSearchService.getAll().size());

        ProductDocument productDocument = ProductDocumentBuilder.create()
                .addId(System.currentTimeMillis() + "01")
                .addProductName("无印良品 MUJI 基础润肤化妆水")
                .addProductDesc("无印良品 MUJI 基础润肤化妆水 高保湿型 200ml")
                .addCreateTime(new Date()).addUpdateTime(new Date())
                .builder();

        ProductDocument productDocument1 = ProductDocumentBuilder.create()
                .addId(System.currentTimeMillis() + "02")
                .addProductName("荣耀 V10 尊享版")
                .addProductDesc("荣耀 V10 尊享版 6GB+128GB 幻夜黑 移动联通电信4G全面屏游戏手机 双卡双待")
                .addCreateTime(new Date()).addUpdateTime(new Date())
                .builder();

        ProductDocument productDocument2 = ProductDocumentBuilder.create()
                .addId(System.currentTimeMillis() + "03")
                .addProductName("资生堂(SHISEIDO) 尿素红罐护手霜")
                .addProductDesc("日本进口 资生堂(SHISEIDO) 尿素红罐护手霜 100g/罐 男女通用 深层滋养 改善粗糙")
                .addCreateTime(new Date()).addUpdateTime(new Date())
                .builder();

        esSearchService.save(productDocument,productDocument1,productDocument2);

        log.info("【创建索引ID】:{},{},{}",productDocument.getId(),productDocument1.getId(),productDocument2.getId());
        log.info("【创建索引后的数据条数】:{}",esSearchService.getAll().size());
    }

    @Test
    public void getAll(){
        esSearchService.getAll().parallelStream()
                .map(JSON::toJSONString)
                .forEach(System.out::println);
    }

    @Test
    public void deleteAll() {
        esSearchService.deleteAll();
    }

    @Test
    public void getById() {
        log.info("【根据ID查询内容】:{}", JSON.toJSONString(esSearchService.getById("154470178213401")));
    }

    @Test
    public void query() {
        log.info("【根据关键字搜索内容】:{}", JSON.toJSONString(esSearchService.query("无印良品荣耀",ProductDocument.class)));
    }

    @Test
    public void queryHit() {

        String keyword = "联通尿素";
        String indexName = "orders";

        List<Map<String,Object>> searchHits = esSearchService.queryHit(keyword,indexName,"productName","productDesc");
        log.info("【根据关键字搜索内容,命中部分高亮,返回内容】:{}", JSON.toJSONString(searchHits));
        //[{"highlight":{"productDesc":"<span style='color:red'>无印良品</span> MUJI 基础润肤化妆水 高保湿型 200ml","productName":"<span style='color:red'>无印良品</span> MUJI 基础润肤化妆水"},"source":{"productDesc":"无印良品 MUJI 基础润肤化妆水 高保湿型 200ml","createTime":1544755966204,"updateTime":1544755966204,"id":"154475596620401","productName":"无印良品 MUJI 基础润肤化妆水"}},{"highlight":{"productDesc":"<span style='color:red'>荣耀</span> V10 尊享版 6GB+128GB 幻夜黑 移动联通电信4G全面屏游戏手机 双卡双待","productName":"<span style='color:red'>荣耀</span> V10 尊享版"},"source":{"productDesc":"荣耀 V10 尊享版 6GB+128GB 幻夜黑 移动联通电信4G全面屏游戏手机 双卡双待","createTime":1544755966204,"updateTime":1544755966204,"id":"154475596620402","productName":"荣耀 V10 尊享版"}}]
    }

    @Test
    public void queryHitByPage() {

        String keyword = "联通尿素";
        String indexName = "orders";

        Page<Map<String,Object>> searchHits = esSearchService.queryHitByPage(1,1,keyword,indexName,"productName","productDesc");
        log.info("【分页查询,根据关键字搜索内容,命中部分高亮,返回内容】:{}", JSON.toJSONString(searchHits));
        //[{"highlight":{"productDesc":"<span style='color:red'>无印良品</span> MUJI 基础润肤化妆水 高保湿型 200ml","productName":"<span style='color:red'>无印良品</span> MUJI 基础润肤化妆水"},"source":{"productDesc":"无印良品 MUJI 基础润肤化妆水 高保湿型 200ml","createTime":1544755966204,"updateTime":1544755966204,"id":"154475596620401","productName":"无印良品 MUJI 基础润肤化妆水"}},{"highlight":{"productDesc":"<span style='color:red'>荣耀</span> V10 尊享版 6GB+128GB 幻夜黑 移动联通电信4G全面屏游戏手机 双卡双待","productName":"<span style='color:red'>荣耀</span> V10 尊享版"},"source":{"productDesc":"荣耀 V10 尊享版 6GB+128GB 幻夜黑 移动联通电信4G全面屏游戏手机 双卡双待","createTime":1544755966204,"updateTime":1544755966204,"id":"154475596620402","productName":"荣耀 V10 尊享版"}}]
    }

    @Test
    public void deleteIndex() {
        log.info("【删除索引库】");
        esSearchService.deleteIndex("orders");
    }

}

39

五、参考

正文到此结束
Loading...